Author Topic: South and Central America  (Read 35421 times)

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andyg

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Re: Central America
« Reply #30 on: May 03, 2010, 01:06:32 AM »
Belize - A modern type set.

Still with the basic designs of 1894, British Honduras became Belize in 1973, the 1 Cent first reduced in size, then became Aluminium along with the 5 cent in 1976.  The 1$ was first struck in 1990 and uses the Maklauf portrait for Elizabeth II rather than the somewhat older Gillick portrait.

1) 1 Cent 1991
2) 5 Cents 1991
3) 10 Cents 2000
4) 25 Cents 1993
5) 50 Cents 1991
6) 1 Dollar 2003

The $1 reverse shows Columbus's fleet by designer Robert Elderton.
« Last Edit: April 19, 2011, 11:03:30 PM by coffeetime »

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #31 on: May 03, 2010, 01:28:39 AM »
Costa Rica, some older coins.

1) 5 Centavos and 2) 25 Centavos of the first decimal coinage, 100 Centavos = 1 Peso.
The 25 Centavos has an unusual mintmark 'HEATON BIRMm' rather than the standard H.
The Colon (=100 Centimos) replaced the Peso in 1896 at par.
3) 2 Centimos 1903
4) 5 Centavos 1919, although called Centavos it's value was as the Centimos issues.
5) 50 Centimos 1923, counterstamped over an earlier 25 Centavos, due to a rise in the value of silver.
6) 25 Centimos 1982, a modern version, much debased and now in Aluminium.

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #32 on: May 03, 2010, 01:29:12 AM »
Costa Rica, a modern type set

1) 1 Colon 1998, no longer used
2) 5 Colones 2005
3) 10 Colones 2005
4) 25 Colones 1995
5) 50 Colones 1997
6) 100 Colones 1997
7) 500 Colones 2000, commemorative issue (struck for circulation), the latest 500 Colones is similar to the others in the series.

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #33 on: May 03, 2010, 01:41:28 AM »
El Salvador, some older coins.

The first decimal coinage was introduced in 1889 with 100 Centavos = 1 Peso, in 1920 the Colon (=100 Centavos) replaced the Peso at par, thus enabling the smaller denominations to continue to be issued without a design change.

1) 1 Centavo, 1913, Struck by Ralph Heaton, Birmingham
2) 5 Centavos, 1991
3) 50 Centavos, 1953
4) 1 Peso, 1914
5) 1 Colon, 1985 struck in Mixico city
6) 1 Colon, 1988

The smaller denominations (1ct to 25ct) featured a portrait of Francisco Morazan
The 50 cents had Jose Matias Delgado
and the 1 Peso / 1 Colon a portrait of Christopher Columbus.

Sadly there is no modern El Salvador set, the country adopted the US$ in 2004.

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #34 on: May 03, 2010, 01:42:16 AM »
Guatemala, some older coins.

Guatemala used the inherited Spanish Peso system until 1925, several attempts for decimalisation were made in 1869, 1870 and 1881 but each failed.

1) 1 Centavo, 1/100 of a Peso from the second attempt of decimalistion.
2) ¼ Real 1890
3) 2 Reales 1873, featuring the date '15 de Sept de 1821', Guatemala's declaration of independence.
4) 50 Centavos 1922 provisional issue, due to a shortage of silver coin.
5) ½ Centavo 1932, with the coat of arms.
6) 25 Centavos 1943, with the then newly built Palacio National de Guatemala (struck in Philadelphia USA)

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #35 on: May 03, 2010, 01:42:55 AM »
Guatemala, a modern type set

1) 1 Centavo, 1999, Fray Bartolome de las Casas
2) 5 Centavos 2006, Silk cotton tree, with legend Libre Crezca Fecundo ("Grow free and fertile")
3) 10 Centavos 2006, Monolito de Quirigua
4) 25 Centavos 1991, Woman in native dress
5) 50 Centavos, 1999, Monja Blanca (White Nun) National flower
6) 1 Quetzal 2001, "PAZ" = Peace, above stylised dove

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #36 on: May 03, 2010, 01:45:52 AM »
Honduras, some older coins

1) ¼ Real, 1869 produced in Paris of the predecimal series, the first decimal coins being issued in 1879.
2) 1 Centavo, 1907 struck using dies intended for 10 Centavos, the '10' being crudely altered to read 'UN'
3) 1 Centavo 1919
4) 2 Centavos 1920
5) 50 Centavos 1994, FAO commemorative issue
6) 1 Lempira 1937, of the reformed coinage of 1931

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #37 on: May 03, 2010, 01:46:28 AM »
Honduras, a modern type set

1) 5 Centavos 1993
2) 10 Centavos 1976
3) 20 Centavos 1993
4) 50 Centavos 1978

1, 2 and 5 Centavos are no longer used due to their small value, prices being rounded to the nearest 10 Centavos.  A new series of coins of 50 Centavos and 1,2,5 and 10 Lempiras are apparently planned.

The 20 and 50 Centavos feature Chief Lempira who led resistance against the Spanish in the 1530's.

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #38 on: May 03, 2010, 11:28:04 AM »
Nicaragua, Some old coins....

1) 5 Centavos, 1899 of the first decimal coinage (100 centavos = 1 Peso)
2) 20 Centavos, 1887 with the 'H' mintmark of Ralph Heaton & Co. (Birmingham UK)
3) 1 Centavo, 1943 of the new coinage first issued in 1912, 100 Centavos = 1 Cordoba, named after Francisco Hernández de Córdoba
4) 5 Cordobas, featuring Augusto César Sandino and his hat.
5) 500 Cordobas, of the much devalued cordoba, but still with the hat.
6) 50 Centavos of 1987. (I'm unsure if this was issued before the 500 Cordobas, or as one of the first coins of a newly revalued Cordoba in 1987)

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #39 on: May 03, 2010, 11:29:39 AM »
Nicaragua, A modern type set.

1) 5 Centavos 2002
2) 10 Centavos 2007
3) 25 Centavos 2002
4) 50 Centavos 1997
5) 1 Cordoba 2002
6) 5 Cordobas 1997
7) 10 Cordobas 2007, featuring the Statue of Andres Castro

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #40 on: May 03, 2010, 11:30:23 AM »
Panama, Some older coins....

1) ½ Centesimo 1907
2) 2½ Centesimos, 1904 one of the smallest milled coins ever issued, being just 1¼ grams in weight.
3) 2½ Centavos 1929
4) 25 Centavos 1904, when the Panamanian coinage was introduced in 1904 it was equivalent in value to the US$, though it's coins had twice the silver content.
5) ¼ Balboa, 1953 issued after the reform of 1930 which changed the Panamian coins into US standard.
The issues of 1953 were commemorative, celebrating 50 years of the republic.
6) 1 Balboa 1947

andyg

  • Guest
Re: Central America
« Reply #41 on: May 03, 2010, 11:31:36 AM »
Panama, a modern type set.

1) 1 Centesimo with a portrait of Urraca
2) 5 Centesimos with a portrait of Sara Soullo
3) 1/10 Balboa with a portrait of Vasco Núñez de Balboa
4) ¼ Balboa, with a portrait of Vasco Núñez de Balboa

25 Centesimos have undergone a few design changes in recent years, the 2003 issue had a Tower, 2005 had a bridge, 2008 50th anniversary of Children's hosiptal and also Protegete Mujer (?) commemorative.  2009 sees a 50 cent comemorating the National bank centennial.
These all follow the standard US$ coin types.  There is also a modern ½ Balboa, of similar style to the 1/10 Balboa.