Author Topic: Coinage of Malawi  (Read 6588 times)

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Offline <k>

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Coinage of Malawi
« on: December 16, 2014, 06:17:17 PM »


Location of Malawi in Africa.





Map of Malawi.



From Wikipedia:

The Republic of Malawi is a landlocked country in south-east Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. Malawi is over 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) in area, with an estimated population of 18,091,575 as at July 2016. Lake Malawi takes up about a third of Malawi's area. Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city.

The part of Africa now known as Malawi was settled by migrating Bantu groups around the 10th century. Centuries later in 1891 the area was colonised by the British. In 1953 Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, a protectorate of the United Kingdom, became a protectorate within the semi-independent Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The Federation was dissolved in 1963. In 1964 the protectorate over Nyasaland was ended and Nyasaland became an independent country under Queen Elizabeth II with the new name Malawi. Two years later it became a republic. Upon gaining independence it became a totalitarian one-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994. Malawi currently has a democratic, multi-party government headed by an elected president.

Malawi is among the world's least-developed countries. The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population. The Malawian government depends heavily on outside aid to meet development needs. There is a diverse population of native peoples, Asians and Europeans, with several languages spoken and an array of religious beliefs.


 
« Last Edit: March 30, 2019, 10:28:27 PM by <k> »
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #1 on: March 30, 2019, 10:34:11 PM »



The arms were adopted on June 30, 1964. They show: in the upper part, the waves of Lake Malawi; in the middle, the lion of England;  and in the base a sun, symbolising the rise of a new nation.

The supporters are a lion and leopard, the two largest predators in the country. The arms are placed on the Mulanje mountain range, the highest in the country. The crest shows again symbols of Lake Malawi (fish eagle, waves) and a sun. The motto is "Unity and Freedom".
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #2 on: March 30, 2019, 10:36:24 PM »



From Wikipedia:

The first flag of independent Malawi was adopted on 6 July 1964. The rising sun represents the dawn of hope and freedom for the continent of Africa. The 31 rays of the sun represent the fact that Malawi was the 31st African nation at the time of its independence. The black represents the indigenous people of the continent, the red symbolizes the blood of their struggle, and the green represents nature.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #3 on: March 30, 2019, 10:43:18 PM »
From Wikipedia:

From 1932, Malawi (named Nyasaland at that time) used the Southern Rhodesian pound. In 1955 a new currency was introduced, the Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound. This was replaced by the Malawian pound in 1964, following Malawi's independence. The pound was subdivided into 20 shillings, and each shilling was subdivided into 12 pence.

In 1964 coins were issued in copper-nickel. Their denominations were six pence, a shilling, a florin (two shillings) and a half crown (2½ shillings). All bore the portrait of Hastings Banda.
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Offline <k>

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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #4 on: March 30, 2019, 10:50:17 PM »



The common obverse of the coinage featured a portrait of President Banda. It was designed by Paul Vincze for the Royal Mint (UK), who was also responsible for all the reverse designs, and his initials "PV" can be seen on all the coins.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #5 on: March 30, 2019, 10:53:01 PM »



The reverse design on the six pence coin featured a cockerel. This bird also appeared on the emblem of President Banda's ruling Malawi Congress Party.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #6 on: March 30, 2019, 10:55:29 PM »




The reverse design of the shilling depicted corn cobs.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #7 on: March 30, 2019, 10:57:28 PM »



The reverse design of the florin depicted an elephant mother and child. This was the first circulation coin to depict an animal mother and child since the so called Irish barnyard set of 1928.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #8 on: March 30, 2019, 11:14:35 PM »



Paul Vincze's original model for the florin portrayed the head of a fierce and snarling leopard. It was a superb design but was never ultimately used.

See: Malawi: pre-decimal variations.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #9 on: March 30, 2019, 11:19:29 PM »




Malawi was the only black-ruled African country to issue a half crown after independence. It featured the national coat of arms.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #10 on: March 30, 2019, 11:20:29 PM »




In 1966 Malawi issued a crown (equivalent to 5 shillings) to commemorate becoming a republic.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #11 on: March 30, 2019, 11:21:24 PM »



Malawi issued a penny in 1967. Curiously, the denomination appeared on both sides. The coin completed the country's predecimal circulation series.
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #12 on: March 30, 2019, 11:22:26 PM »



Neighbouring Zambia had issued a penny in 1966. The two coins look rather similar, probably because they were both made at the Royal Mint, UK, and both were 27mm in diameter.

 
« Last Edit: April 05, 2019, 07:39:54 PM by <k> »
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #13 on: March 31, 2019, 12:12:19 PM »
Malawi went decimal in 1971 and issued new coinage, in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 tambala. The kwacha replaced the Malawian pound at a rate of two kwacha to one pound.

The name kwacha derives from the Nyanja and Bemba word for "dawn", while tambala translates as "cockerel" in Nyanja. The tambala was so named because a cockerel appeared on the first one tambala coin. The cockerel was the symbol of President Banda's political party.

Malawi's pre-decimal coinage had been designed by Paul Vincze for the Royal Mint. Some of his designs were carried forward to the new coinage, and he added two new designs: a paradise whydah appeared on the 2 tambala, whilst the 5 tambala featured a purple heron.



See also: The pound: predecimal to decimal design continuity.

 
« Last Edit: April 06, 2019, 04:02:38 PM by <k> »
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Re: Coinage of Malawi
« Reply #14 on: March 31, 2019, 12:14:40 PM »



Paul Vincze's portrait of President Banda was retained as the common obverse of the new coinage. It now appeared for the first time on a bronze coin, because the 1 and 2 tambala coins were made of bronze.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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