Author Topic: Royal Symbols of the House of Rathores - Bikaner / Bikanir Kingdom  (Read 1128 times)

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Offline @josephjk

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 Medallic Rupee coin issued by Maharaja Ganga Singh 1937 (VS 1994)  - Reverse

This is a very good example of how royal identity was communicated on coins through the use of symbols - and how this traditional method of 'identity and recognition' had become such an integral part of the coin design that it also operated when modern/machine struck coinage began to be issued.
Each of these symbols originally denoted a ruler on Bikaner coins, starting with
•   Gaj Singh (trident)
•    Surat Singh (flag)
•    Ratan Singh (Aftab-gir)
•    Sardar Singh (rajgaddi / throne/) – ceremonial umbrella
•    Dungar Singh (chauri) and
•   Ganga Singh (Morchel).



The order of these symbols is not specific but every time a ruler succeeded one extra symbol was added. They continued on ceremonial coins struck by
 Sadul Singh (dagger/sword)



and Karni Singh (Rifle - because Karni Singh was a famous shooter!)



An 'Aftabgir' is a 'sun shield', carried to protect the ruler from Sun. It is used as an umbrella, but not over the head, more from the side. See in this procession of the Mughal king Md Akbar - there are several examples, one is shaped like a leaf, in front of the king, one is round at the back. The guy behind the king is carrying a 'Morchel'. All these are symbols of kingship and sovereignty (including the horse without a rider in front of the king!)




This is a compilation of comments on a facebook post by several members of the Numismatic Information Gallery.
(many thanks Karan Solanki, Col. Jayanta Dutta, Mohit Kapoor, Dr. Shailen Bhandare, Jan Lingen)

« Last Edit: October 15, 2014, 11:01:34 PM by @josephjk »

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Royal Symbols of the House of Rathores - Bikaner / Bikanir Kingdom
« Reply #1 on: October 18, 2014, 05:11:24 PM »
Well done, Joseph! Interesting post, explaining little known symbols on coins with superb illustrations. Thank you.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline @josephjk

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Re: Royal Symbols of the House of Rathores - Bikaner / Bikanir Kingdom
« Reply #2 on: October 19, 2014, 01:37:05 PM »
Thank you Peter!

Offline mitresh

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Re: Royal Symbols of the House of Rathores - Bikaner / Bikanir Kingdom
« Reply #3 on: October 25, 2014, 04:46:40 PM »
Lovely explanation Joseph.
In the quest for Excellence, there's no finish line.

Offline @josephjk

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Re: Royal Symbols of the House of Rathores - Bikaner / Bikanir Kingdom
« Reply #4 on: October 25, 2014, 06:41:09 PM »
Thank you Mitresh!

Offline mitresh

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Re: Royal Symbols of the House of Rathores - Bikaner / Bikanir Kingdom
« Reply #5 on: October 25, 2014, 07:01:34 PM »
Welcome Joseph.

I've nominated your post for "Best of WoC" category, see here.
In the quest for Excellence, there's no finish line.