Author Topic: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token  (Read 2216 times)

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Offline Kushi

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Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« on: November 20, 2012, 08:16:30 AM »
Finally found a photo of the token used on the Ковенская Конная Железная Дорога (Kovenskaja Konnaja Zeleznaja Doroga=Kovno Horse Railway). The line opened 5 June 1892 and survived till 15 April 1929. The text (initials) is in Cyrillic, so it must have been issued before the Great Patriotic War, World War I, when Lithuania achieved independence. The value "2" would probably be 2 kopeks or second class passage. More research required.

This a a very rare piece, said to be worth hundreds, if not thousands, of rubles.

Bronze, 28 millimeters, uniface.
« Last Edit: November 20, 2012, 12:04:50 PM by Kushi »

Offline FosseWay

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #1 on: November 20, 2012, 08:24:36 AM »
An aside, but is the phrase 'Great Patriotic War' used by Lithuanians to mean WW1? In my experience Великая Отечественная Война only ever exists in Russian as an original and refers only to the Soviet Union's participation in WW2.

Back on the token, what are the squiggles below the 2? They look like they could be script Cyrillic A D or L D, but I can't make any further sense of them.

Offline Kushi

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #2 on: November 20, 2012, 08:38:25 AM »
Embarrassed. You're absolutely correct, just World War I.

The facsimile "AD" is supposed to be the initials of the owner.

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #3 on: November 20, 2012, 01:31:29 PM »
Please give yourself the right to make mistakes, Kushi. It is human and part of freedom.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline Afrasi

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #4 on: November 20, 2012, 06:51:20 PM »
An absolute WOW piece !!!  :o    :D

Offline Kushi

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #5 on: November 20, 2012, 07:02:35 PM »
An absolute museum piece. I've heard of two known specimens, one in a LIT museum and a second appeared on ebay many years ago. Nevertheless, it seems strange that a token used for public transport in a provincial capital, 110 years ago, would be so scarce. I guess this is the result of 20th century wars and revolutions.

Offline Kushi

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Postcard view of the Kovno Horsecar
« Reply #6 on: November 20, 2012, 07:34:57 PM »
In front of the Kovno railroad depot, ca. 1900. Photo: eBay.com
« Last Edit: May 31, 2014, 10:43:14 PM by Kushi »

Offline Kushi

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #7 on: May 31, 2014, 10:33:16 PM »
" In 1892, under a contract with Swiss engineer E.O. Dupont, a horse tramway konkė was introduced, running from Town Hall square to the Railway Station." from the Kaunas County Public Library, Kaunas: Dates and Facts, Electronic Directory, retrieved, 31 May 2014.

"With the establishment of the Independent State of Lithuania and the Polish army seizing control of Vilnius and the areas around it, Kaunas became the temporary capital of the new state instead of Vilnius, the intended capital. After the Litas became Lithuania's legal tender, the municipality, which was elected in 1921 (see below), began to implement large projects for the city and its inhabitants. Many streets were repaved and later covered with asphalt. In 1928, a water supply system was installed and 5 years later it served almost the entire city. The city's drainage system started to function in 1925. The old “Tram” (the Konka) was replaced by buses, which started operating in 1924. The traffic to Aleksotas and Slobodka was through two large bridges above the rivers. In 1931, a cable car was installed in the Green Mountain and later in Aleksotas as well." from “Kaunas" Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Lithuania, retrieved, 31 May 2014.

Offline Kushi

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Re: Early Kaunas (Kovno) Horsecar Token
« Reply #8 on: May 31, 2014, 10:44:03 PM »
Another early postcard view of the horsecar.