Author Topic: Rome 1706  (Read 1072 times)

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Offline <k>

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Rome 1706
« on: March 30, 2014, 02:47:41 PM »
Rome, mezza piastra, 1706.

Obverse: CLEMENS - XI P M AN VI

Reverse: LAETIFICAT. CIVITATEM.

View of the port of Ripetta on the Tiber, with several boats and the churches of S.Rocco and S.Girolamo degli Schiavoni.
Exergue: ANNO-1706 and the coat of arms of Falconieri.

The harbor of Ripetta was built in 1704 by Clemens XI for trading the merchandise of Tuscany and Lazio.

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Rome 1706
« Reply #1 on: March 31, 2014, 12:54:40 PM »
Magnificent coin. The river port was re-constructed (it had been destroyed in order to build a bridge) during the reign of Clement XI. This pope is perhaps better known as cardinal Albani. He played an interesting role in the Spanish war of succession. He was quite francophile, so his election was a breakthrough for the French party. The Vatican had already come out in favour of Louis XIV's claim. If France would have won the war, the combination of the military ambition of Louis XIV and the wealth of the Spanish empire would have changed the course of history. Even without it, the Republic was under siege and the Stuarts were rooting for catholicism and beholden to France.

As it was, the Austrian party easily conquered the parts of the Papal states needed to march into Spain. When the dust had settled, the French candidate got the Spanish throne, but on the condition that France couldn't claim Spain. Clement XI lost part of his territories to Austria and got himself mired into a conflict with Louis XIV over religious matters. Instead of being a king maker and fighter of protestantism, Albani became known for allowing catholics to keep cats...

Some sources claim that because of his foreign policy failures (the pope was completely kept out of negotiations that led to the treaty of Utrecht) and loss of credibility and face, he concentrated on winning back the hearts and minds of his Roman subjects. This would have been the reason for lavishing large amounts of the church's money on building projects in Rome such as the river port and subsidies for the Romans. This could also explain the overblown latin motto on the coin: laetificat civitatem means maker of the city.

Peter
« Last Edit: March 31, 2014, 01:31:15 PM by Figleaf »
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.