Coin of the Nizam Shahs of Azamnagar or Mughal emperor Shah Jahan

Started by mtayal, November 16, 2008, 06:21:25 PM

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Please help identify this coin. Apologies if the orientation of the coin is not correct in the picture. Having trouble finding the correct orientation.



The mint is clear, Ahmadnagar. However it could be an issue of the Nizam Shahs of Azamnagar or the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
After Shah Jahan conquered Ahmadnagar in 1636 similar AE coins as those of Burhan Nizam Shah III seems to have been struck at Ahmadnagar.
On the coins of Burhan Nizam Shah III the legend above the mint name Ahmadnagar, has the name of his predecessor Murtaza. Ref.: G/G N45+). On coins struck by Shah Jahan there the legend Sahib Qiran Sani is inscribed above the mint name.
The reverse the legend is identical Fi Shahur Sanah (date).
As the legend above the mint name is not clear enough, and no date is visible on the coin, it can't be attributed to any ruler.

Type KM#206, Shah Jahan, AE Dam, mint: Ahmadnagar. These coins are very
similar to the coins of the Nizam Shahs of Ahmadnagar. After the final
conquest of the kingdom during the reign of Shah Jahan I, copper coins with
the a 'sahib qiran sani' legend were issued. On the accompanying coin above
the mint name Ahmadnagar the legend 'Sahib Qiran' can be observed.


I attempted to find out more about the Nizam Shahs of Azamnagar and found the following.
I find it fascinating, but perhaps it contains more irrelevant information than any reader here might desire.  Nonetheless, from the reprint of an 1884 article:

The Mahomedans {please remember that this antiquated term was used in an 1884 article! Richie} are divided into four great sects,-Sunnis, Shiahs, Wahabis, and Mahdavis; but all believe in the Unity of God, and in Mahomed as the Prophet of God.

The Mahdavis are chiefly Pathans, who believe that the promised Imam Mahdi has come and gone away. The other Mahomedans called the members of this sect "Ghair Mahdavis," implying that their Imam was not the true one; and these again called their opponents " Ghair Mahdavis," till in course of time the name " Mahdavi" became generally applied to the new sect. The Mahdavi movement dates from the 10th century of the Hijri era, when the Mahomedans throughout India were expecting the millennium. In Hijri 905, Mir Saiad Mahomed of Jonpur, claimed to be the promised Imam Mahdi, and commenced preaching. He had numerous adherents, but the great mass of the Mahomedans bitterly opposed him, and he fled from Jonpur. Mir Saiad Mahomed proceeded to Gujarat where he converted some of the inhabitants, and then came to Daulatabad. He made a pilgrimage to Roza, and also visited Ahmadnagnr. The king Ahmad Nizam Shah and his successor Burhan Nizam Shah became his adherents; and in those days, the court at Ahmadnagar teemed with the Mahdavis. The followers of Mir Saiad Mahomed consider their Imam to be equal only to Mahomed the Prophet in position and dignity, and to be superior to every one else. They believe in his revealed verses called " Mansukhing," and in the " Tafasir" and "Ahadis" which he practised; and attribute supernatural knowledge to him, and to his kaliph, Mir Dilawar.



Oesheo, Richie,

Thank you very much. I have noted both possibilities with the coin.