Australasia and Oceania: The Southern Cross and Other Stars

Started by <k>, August 07, 2013, 10:06:55 PM

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<k>

Nauru $1 1993.jpg



Nauru $1 2009.jpg

Nauru, 1 dollar, 1993 and 2009.    Collector coins.

Nauru uses the Australian dollar.



Nauru flag.jpg

The flag of Nauru.


The flag features a star.

It indicates Nauru's location , just south of the Equator.

The shield of the coat of arms is divided and separated in the middle. In the upper section the alchemical symbol of phosphorus is shown over a golden woven background. The lower silver section depicts a black frigatebird, which sits on a perch over blue ocean waves. The lower right section is blue and contains a branch of calophyllum flowers. The shield is surrounded by images of tribal chief gear, which was worn to ceremonies - ropes from palm leaves, feathers of the frigatebird and shark teeth. The star centered above the shield is taken from the flag. The ribbon above it bears the name of the island in Micronesian Nauruan: Naoero.
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<k>

Palau $5.jpg

Palau, 5 dollars.  Collector coin.


Palau is self-governing, in free association with the USA.

It uses the US dollar.



Palau Coat of Arms.jpg

The official seal of Palau.

The Palau flag represents a yellow moon on a pale blue background.

The Palau coat of arms is really just a seal and does not include any stars.

However, the collector coin's obverse shown above includes an unknown star or sun.


This obverse has been used on several collector coins.

However, it does not seem to represent any official emblem of Palau.
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<k>



Cocos (Keeling) Islands.  Official 5 dollar token.

The Islands are a Territory of Australia.

They use the Australian dollar. 

I do not know what the stars on these tokens represent.


Cocos (Keeling) Islands flag.gif

The flag of the Islands.

The flag includes the Southern Cross.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Brazil coat of arms.jpg

Coat of arms of Brazil.



Brazil 25 centavos 2022.jpg

Brazil, 25 centavos, 2022.  Reverse.





Brazil, 25 centavos, 2005.


Curiously, there is one other country that uses the Southern Cross on its coins.

That country is not located in Australasia or Oceania.

The large star that is often seen on the coins of Brazil is taken from the Brazilian coat of arms.


Within that star, the smaller stars represent the constellation of the Southern Cross.

During its various currency changes, Brazil has often used the cruzeiro, from the word cruz, meaning cross.

This currency name is a reference to the Southern Cross itself.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

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Pabitra

Quote from: <k> on August 07, 2013, 10:34:10 PMThe Federated States of Micronesia, 1 dollar, 2004.  This is a collector coin only.

Micronesia is a self-governing state, in free association with the USA. It uses the US dollar.

The four stars on the coin represent the states in the federation: Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae and Yap.

Sometimes, Micronesia issues collector coins with both designs, with and without stars on the obverse.



micronesia2.JPG

<k>

Australia $5 2012.jpg

Australia, $5, 2012.   Dome-shaped coin. 
 

The Southern Cross is shown as a celestial image.

The rim of the coin features a compass design.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Australia, 1 shilling, 1938. 



New Guinea 1s 1935.jpg

New Guinea, 1 shilling, 1935. 

Remember the Australian seven-pointed Commonwealth star, as seen above?

Here is another one, on the New Guinea shilling of 1935.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>







Cook Islands, 5 dollars, 2015.


This catamaran is known locally as a vaka. 

And look at those stars! A wonderful design.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Brazil, 2000 reis, 1900. 


A generic Portuguese carrack (nau).

It was from the fleet of Pedro Alvares Cabral. 


And look at the Southern Cross.

The South Americans should pay a fee to Australia and New Zealand.

They stole the concept of the Southern Cross from them.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

davidrj

The best Brazillian depiction in my view is on the 40 reis 1889-1912


<k>

Brazil 2 cr 1941.jpg



Brazil 2 cr 1941-.jpg

Brazil, 2 cruzeiros, 1941.   Pattern coins.


Brazil: 2 pattern pieces from 1941, in silver (large "2") and nickel silver (small "2").

The actual piece, with a small "2", was not released until 1942.

Images courtesy of Sixbid.com.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Australia $100 2021.jpg

Australia, $100, 2021.  One ounce of gold.


  "Beneath the Southern Skies".

But does Australia really own one half of the globe?
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.