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The euro in context: Pre-euro and non-euro currencies

Started by <k>, June 16, 2013, 01:47:24 PM

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<k>

                            N o n - E u r o  C u r r e n c i e s 

    Country        Unit        Root        Sub-unit        Root        EURO status   
    Albania        Lek        Alexander (the great)        qindarka        hundred        non-member   
    Belarus        Rouble        cutting (chop)        kopeck        lance        non-member   
    Bosnia-Herzegovina        Marka        Mark (weight)        feninga        pfennig        peg, non-member   
    Bulgaria        Lev        Lion dollar        stotinka        sto (hundred)        peg, must join   
    Croatia        Kuna        marten (animal)        lipa        lime tree        will join 1 January 2023   
    Czech Republic        Korun        Crown        haler        heller        must join   
    Denmark        Krone        Crown        øre        golden        peg, ERM II opt-out   
    Gibraltar *        Pound        Libra (weight)        penny        denarius        non-member   
    Guernsey *        Pound        Libra (weight)        penny        denarius        non-member   
    Hungary        Forint        Florin        filler        heller        must join   
    Iceland        Krona        Crown        eyrir        øre        non-member   
    Isle of Man *        Pound        Libra (weight)        penny        denarius        non-member   
    Jersey *        Pound        Libra (weight)        penny        denarius        non-member   
    Liechtenstein *       Franken        franc (weight)        Rappen        raven/black horse        non-member   
    Macedonia        Denar        Denarius        deni                non-member   
    Moldova        Leu        Lion dollar        ban        lord (Persian)        non-member   
    Norway        Krone        Crown        øre        golden        non-member   
    Poland        Złoty        gold money        grosz        groschen        must join   
    Romania        Leu        Lion dollar        ban        lord (Persian)        must join   
    Russia        Rouble        cutting (chop)        kopeck        lance        non-member   
    Serbia        Dinar        Denarius        para        piece        non-member   
    Sweden        Krona        Crown        öre        golden        must join, unwilling   
    Switzerland        Franc        Frankish        rappen        black bird        non-member   
    Transnistria        Rouble        cutting (chop)        kopeck        lance        non-member   
    Ukraine        Hryvnia        grivna (weight)        kopeck        lance        non-member   
    UK        Pound        Libra (weight)        penny        denarius        non-member   

*  The Gibraltar pound is separate from, but kept at par with, the UK pound sterling.
*  The Guernsey pound is separate from, but kept at par with, the UK pound sterling.
*  The Jersey pound is separate from, but kept at par with, the UK pound sterling.
*  The Manx pound is separate from, but kept at par with, the UK pound sterling.
*  Issued for collectors only. Liechtenstein traditionally uses the Swiss franc.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

This table shows the predecessors of the euro in those EU states where the euro is issued.


                    P r e - E u r o  C u r r e n c i e s

Country  UnitRootSub-unit  RootSucceeded *
AndorraDiner  moneycentim  100    2014
Austria  SchillingsolidusGroschen  grosso (dim.)1999
Belgium  francweightcentime  1001999
Cyprus  poundweightcent  1002008
Estonia  krooncrownsent  1002011
Finland  markkaweightpenni  ringing sound1999
France  francweightcentime  1001999
Germany  Deutsche MarkweightPfennig  ringing sound1999
Greece  drachmahandfullepton  small2001
Ireland  puntpoundpingin  penny1999
Italy  liraweight*  1999
Latvia  Latcountry name  santims  1002014
Lithuania  Litascountry name  centas  1002015
Luxembourg  francweightcentime  1001999
Malta  liraweightcent/mil  100/10002008
Monaco  francweightcentime  1001999
Netherlands  guldengold coincent  1001999
Portugal  escudoshieldcentavo  1001999
San Marino  liraweight*  1999
Slovakia  korunacrownhaller  from Hall2009
Slovenia  tolarThalerstotin  100 (sto)2007
Spain  pesetaheavy (dim.)céntimo  1001999
Vatican City  liraweight*  1999


*The sub-unit of the lira, the centesimo (from 100), was no longer used.
*The years 1999 and 2001 in the "Succeeded" column refer to the date (1 January) when
that country introduced the euro as a currency unit. The general public did not get the euro
coins until mid-December 2001, and the euro cash became legal tender on 1 January 2002.

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#2
Pre-euro notes and coins: Redemption* after end of legal tender status

This list shows how long the pre-euro cash of each euro country can be redeemed. Each member state set its own deadlines, so the dates vary from country to country. Note that the exchange periods for coins may be different from that of notes, and that the exchange may be limited to the issues that were in circulation until the cash changeover.

* at the issuing country's central bank and its branch offices.

YYYY-MM-DD:  End of redemption period
2003-01-03:  PT / Coins
2004-03-01:  GR / Coins
2004-12-31:  BE / Coins
2004-12-31:  LU / Coins
2005-02-17:  FR / Coins
2006-12-30:  NL / Coins
2009-12-31:  CY / Coins
2010-02-01:  MT / Coins
2011-12-07:  IT / Coins and Notes
2012-02-17:  FR / Notes
2012-02-29:  FI / Coins and Notes
2012-03-01:  GR / Notes
2013-12-31:  SK / Coins
2016-12-31:  SI / Coins
2017-12-31:  CY / Notes
2018-01-31:  MT / Notes
2021-06-30:  ES / Coins and Notes (see reply #4)
2022-02-28:  PT / Notes
2032-01-01:  NL / Notes

Unlimited redemption periods:
– AT / Coins and Notes
– BE / Notes
– DE / Coins and Notes
– EE / Coins and Notes
– IE / Coins and Notes
– LU / Notes
– LV / Coins and Notes
– SI / Notes
– SK / Notes

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

chrisild

In Spain the redemption period for the pre-euro cash (basically peseta notes issued after 1939, and coins that were legal tender until the introduction of the euro cash on 1 Jan 2002) has been extended because of the Coronavirus restrictions. The original deadline was 31 Dec 2020 – now people can do that until 30 June 2021. (More information in Spanish and English.)

The notes and coins can be exchanged at the head office of the central bank (Banco de España) in Madrid, or any of the BdE branch offices. However, due to the current pandemic regulations, you need to make an appointment. Having a photo ID with you is helpful (and required if the total amounts exceeds €1,000). On the right of the Spanish and English pages above, in the Useful Documents section, there are PDF files (in Spanish) that show which coins and notes may be redeemed: "Billetes de peseta canjeables" and "Monedas de peseta canjeables".

Christian