Author Topic: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands  (Read 12246 times)

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Offline <k>

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Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« on: September 10, 2011, 07:38:45 PM »
This topic is part of a series about the decimal coins of the sterling area. To see the other topics in the series, click on the link below:

The Decimal Coins of the Sterling Area 



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Comments on "Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands"
« Last Edit: November 09, 2011, 11:00:00 PM by coffeetime »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #1 on: February 11, 2016, 12:16:58 AM »

Flag of the Falkland Islands.



From Wikipedia:

The Falkland Islands are a self-governing British overseas territory situated in the South Atlantic, 290 miles off the east coast of South America. At various times, the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833, although Argentina maintains its claim to the islands. In April 1982 Argentine forces temporarily occupied the islands. British administration was restored two months later at the end of the Falklands War.

 
« Last Edit: June 30, 2017, 11:41:42 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #2 on: February 11, 2016, 12:17:15 AM »

Map of South America, including the Falkland Islands.

 
« Last Edit: June 30, 2017, 11:40:09 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #3 on: February 11, 2016, 12:17:38 AM »

Map of the Falkland Islands.

From Wikipedia:

The Falkland Islands take their name from the Falkland Sound, a strait separating the archipelago's two main islands. The name "Falkland" was applied to the channel by John Strong, captain of an English expedition which landed on the islands in 1690. Strong named the strait in honour of Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount of Falkland, the Treasurer of the Navy who sponsored their journey. The Viscount's title originates from the town of Falkland, Scotland, whose name comes from "folkland" (land held by folk-right). The name was not applied to the islands until 1765, when British captain John Byron of the Royal Navy, claimed them for King George III as "Falkland's Islands". The term "Falklands" is a standard abbreviation used to refer to the islands.

The population (2,932 inhabitants in 2012) primarily consists of native-born Falkland Islanders, the majority of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarian and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a population decline. The predominant (and official) language is English. Under the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, Falkland Islanders are British citizens.

Major economic activities include fishing, tourism and sheep farming, with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.


 
« Last Edit: June 30, 2017, 11:40:35 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #4 on: February 11, 2016, 12:18:08 AM »

Coat of arms of the Falkland Islands.



From Wikipedia:

Desire the Right is the motto of the Falkland Islands. It makes reference to The Desire, the vessel from which English sea-captain John Davis sighted the Falkland Islands in 1592.
 
The coat of arms of the Falkland Islands was granted to the Falkland Islands on 29 September 1948. It consists of a shield containing a sheep on tussock grass in the field with a sailing ship underneath and the motto of the Falklands (Desire the Right) below.

The ship represents the Desire, the vessel in which the English sea-captain John Davis is reputed to have discovered the Falkland Islands in 1592; the motto, Desire the Right, also refers to the ship's name. The ram represents sheep farming, which until recently was the principal economic activity of the islands, and the tussock grass shows the most notable native vegetation.


 
« Last Edit: June 30, 2017, 11:42:35 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #5 on: February 11, 2016, 12:18:30 AM »
The Falkland Islands previously used British homeland coinage, but in 1974 it introduced its own circulation coinage. The coinage of the UK is also legal tender on the islands.

The territory has its own currency, the Falkland pound. It is a separate currency from the UK pound sterling, but it is pegged to the UK pound at a rate of one to one. The Falkland pound is created by the Falkland currency board and is fully backed, 100%, by reserves of the UK pound sterling, its anchor currency. For a fuller explanation of currency boards, read this topic: There are only four basic currency systems in the world

The territory's coins are minted to the same specifications of size, shape, colour and weight as their UK counterparts. The UK had already adopted the decimal system in 1971, and its coins included the legend "NEW PENCE", but it removed any reference to "NEW" pence from its coinage in 1982. The Falkland coins were first issued in 1974, but it avoided the issue of whether to include "NEW" in its legends by using only numerals to represent the denominations: just "5" or "10", without "PENCE", "p", or anything else.

The obverse of the coins carried the Arnold Machin effigy of Queen Elizabeth II. The reverse designs, portraying the local wildlife, were created by Royal Mint engraver William Gardner, and his initials can be seen on the reverse. Curiously, the set issued in 1974 did not include a fifty pence coin, although it matched all the other denominations of the UK coinage.

NOTE: The coins in the images below do not all carry a date of 1974, but the designs have not changed since they were issued.

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #6 on: February 11, 2016, 12:18:52 AM »


½ penny.  Brown trout.  Salmo trutta.

 
« Last Edit: June 30, 2017, 11:43:03 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #7 on: February 11, 2016, 12:19:17 AM »


1 penny.   Gentoo penguins.  Pygoscelis papua.

 
« Last Edit: March 22, 2019, 07:42:53 PM by <k> »

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #8 on: February 11, 2016, 12:19:36 AM »


2 pence.   Upland goose.  Chloephaga picta.

 
« Last Edit: March 26, 2019, 08:17:52 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #9 on: February 11, 2016, 12:19:59 AM »


5 pence.   Black-browed albatross.  Thalassarche melanophris.

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #10 on: February 11, 2016, 12:20:16 AM »


10 pence.  Sea lions: cow and bull.  Otaria byronia.

 
« Last Edit: March 24, 2019, 11:40:07 AM by <k> »

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #11 on: February 11, 2016, 12:20:39 AM »


50 pence.  Falkland Islands wolf. Dusicyon australis.



The UK had introduced a 50 pence coin in 1969, even before decimalisation, in order to familiarise the population with the decimal coins. It replaced the ten shilling note. The Falkland Islands did not issue a circulation fifty pence coin until 1980, since a Falkland 50 pence note had been in circulation prior to that. It portrayed a Falkland fox, an animal which had become extinct on the islands in the 1800s. This reverse design was the work of Robert Elderton and therefore, unlike the other designs, it does not carry the initials of William Gardner.

From Wikipedia:

The Falkland Islands wolf (Dusicyon australis), also known as the warrah and occasionally as the Falkland Islands dog, Falkland Islands fox, or Antarctic wolf, was the only native land mammal of the Falkland Islands. This endemic canid became extinct in 1876, the first known canid to have become extinct in historical times. It was the only modern species in the genus Dusicyon.

Traditionally it had been supposed that the most closely related genus was Lycalopex, including the culpeo, which has been introduced to the Falkland Islands in modern times. However, in 2009, a cladistic analysis of DNA identified the Falkland Island wolf's closest living relative as the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus)—an unusually long-legged, fox-like South American canid, from which it separated about 6.7 million years ago.


See also: Extinct animals on coins.

 
« Last Edit: January 04, 2019, 02:57:20 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #12 on: February 11, 2016, 12:21:35 AM »


20 pence.  Falkland sheep.



In 1982 the UK issued a new circulating denomination, the 20 pence coin, and the Falkland Islands issued their own version in the same year. The reverse design of the Falkland coin was created by Royal Mint engraver Robert Elderton. It depicts a Falkland sheep.

Unlike the UK 20p, which was countersunk, the Falkland 20p coin was flat. Curiously, the UK 20p was designed by William Gardner, who had designed the reverses of the other Falkland circulation coins.





Here is a UK 20p coin for comparison.

 
« Last Edit: March 26, 2019, 08:16:31 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #13 on: February 11, 2016, 12:22:02 AM »


Falkland pound coin obverse.



In 1983, the UK issued its last halfpenny coin, and the Falklands did likewise.

Also in 1983, the UK added a pound coin to the circulation coinage, but the Falklands did not issue its own version until 1987. The UK adopted Raphael Maklouf's new effigy of Elizabeth II for its coinage in 1985, and this was the portrait the Falklands used on the obverse of its new pound coin from 1987 onward. Interestingly, all the other denominations except the 50 pence coin continued to use the Arnold Machin effigy of the Queen until the end of 2003. The 50 pence coin adopted the Maklouf portrait in 2003, a year earlier than the lower denominations.

The edge inscription of all Falkland pound coins reads:

+ DESIRE THE RIGHT

 
« Last Edit: June 30, 2017, 11:49:19 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Milestones in the decimal coinage of the Falkland Islands
« Reply #14 on: February 11, 2016, 12:22:28 AM »


Falkland pound coin reverse.



Though the coin in the image is dated 2004, the same design has been used since its issue in 1987.

The reverse of the pound coin depicts the Falkland coat of arms. The edge inscription reads: "+ DESIRE THE RIGHT", which is the Falklands' motto.

See also: Coins: Ships and boats on coats of arms.

 
« Last Edit: March 27, 2019, 06:44:44 PM by <k> »