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The token listed in Pascoal is C. W & Cº: 





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The forced token currency of Muhammad Tughluq is based on the trust in the Sultan (he who obeyed the sultan obeyed the Merciful One). Making a brass or copper coin equal in value to a silver tanka was disastrous. Copper was plenty available and each and every blacksmith workshop turned into a (illegal private) mint. This was the reason for its fiasco and Muhammad Tughluq was within two years forced to withdraw the forced token currency. All coins were taken in on face value which resulted in the virtual bankruptcy of Sultanate. Hardly no distinguishing between privately produced coins and those struck by the Royal mint can be made. As a large amount of the forced token currency was (illegally) privately struck, it is of no use to talk about contemporary forgeries. The sums of the token currency actually exchanged may be estimated by the mounds upon mounds of coins which were heaped up as mere rubbish in the fort of Tughluqabad, were they were still to be seen a century later, in the reign of Mubarak Shah II.
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Unidentified tokens / Re: G. W & Cº brass token please help to identify
« Last post by africancoins on February 27, 2021, 11:49:33 PM »
By looking for Maderia tokens on the internet I found some other tokens a bit similar to the "G. W. & Co." piece, they had the central legend "C. G. & Co." (from one side only images).

The image for another group of pieces with the "C. G. & Co." side, had on their other side, the legend "Cossart, Gordon & Co., Maderia", all in uppercase and then with a central number (50, 100, 200, 500).... perhaps a number of Reis.

From their website...

https://www.cossartgordon.com/

>>>>>>>>>>
Discover the oldest shippers of Madeira wine
Established in 1745, Cossart Gordon & Co. represents the oldest company in the Madeira trade. It was originally founded by Scotsmen, Grancis Newton and William Gordon, who were later joined by William Cossart in 1808. The company established a reputation as suppliers of the finest of Madeiras mainly due to their trade relationship with American colonies.
>>>>>>>>>>
[Evidently actually "Francis Newton", contrary to the website.]

Could this be a clue for the type of company "G. W. & Co." were ?

Thanks Mr Paul Baker
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Unidentified tokens / Re: G. W & Cº brass token please help to identify
« Last post by africancoins on February 27, 2021, 11:03:30 PM »
C. W. & Co. pieces are mentioned (but not the main subject) in a different topic from some time ago...

http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,34884.15.html

There are some similarities.

Thanks Mr Paul Baker
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Unidentified tokens / Re: G. W & Cº brass token please help to identify
« Last post by Afrasi on February 27, 2021, 10:37:26 PM »
I actually don't find my copy of Pascoals Madeira catalogue, but Barradas' description differs a little bit: "C. W. & C.°" and the reverse showing dashed diamonds.
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North Africa / Re: Egypt: Commemorative and collector coins 2021
« Last post by Vincent on February 27, 2021, 10:32:39 PM »
@quaziright, they do not appear to have a denomination and hence no purchasing power. So they are apparently not coins.
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In that situation, the normal procedure for me would be for one of us to buy both coffees on a card, and the other to swish the money to the one who paid (or just agree that the other would pay next time, if applicable).
Yes, that’s what I’d do.  Go into my banking app and pay them what I owe.  They’d get their money just as instantly as paying them cash.
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North Africa / Re: Egypt: Commemorative and collector coins 2021
« Last post by quaziright on February 27, 2021, 09:48:10 PM »
Are those really coins? They look more like medals to me
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In Lichfield the other morning, I was affixing a new timetable to a bus shelter (don't ask) - one of our drivers wandered past and asked if I would like a coffee from the shop just up the road.  I paid for his and mine - with cash - at present there isn't another way around this dilemma, as I wouldn't want my bank card out of my sight.

In that situation, the normal procedure for me would be for one of us to buy both coffees on a card, and the other to swish the money to the one who paid (or just agree that the other would pay next time, if applicable).
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North Africa / Re: Egypt: Commemorative and collector coins 2021
« Last post by chrisild on February 27, 2021, 09:10:42 PM »
Egypt just issued three collector coins portraying the popes of the modern Coptic Church of the past 50 years: Pope Cyril VI, Pope Shenouda III and the current Pope of Alexandria Tawadros II. More info and images here.
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