World of Coins

Design and designing => Coin design => Coin designers => Topic started by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:40:30 AM

Title: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:40:30 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89638;image)



Percy Metcalfe was born in Wakefield, England, in 1895. He studied art in Leeds and attended the Royal College of Art, London, in 1914. During his career he produced various coins, medals, statues, memorials, stamp and pottery designs.

 
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:42:15 AM
Metcalfe is probably most famous for creating the obverse and reverse designs of the first coins of the Irish Free State, issued in 1928. This circulation set portrayed various Irish barnyard animals and has become known as the Barnyard Set. Royal Mint engraver George Kruger-Gray (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,8847.0.html) had produced an innovative set of coin designs for South Africa in 1923, some of which carried thematic designs, for instance sparrows and a sailing ship, but most of them were still rather traditional in style. Metcalfe’s Irish set, by contrast, with its unity of theme, completely broke the mould. It must have looked thoroughly modern and ahead of its time in 1928. I cannot imagine it appearing or being accepted even ten years earlier, but society had changed rapidly after the horrors of the Great War, which smashed four empires.

Ireland itself was still a rather narrow-minded and inward-looking country in the 1920s. It had been oppressed first by the British and then by its own priests, who wielded great influence in the land. It is to the credit of the committee, headed by poet W B Yeats, that they had the courage to choose such radically novel designs, which were predictably criticised as “pagan” by the Irish Catholic Church, who would have preferred religious subjects to be depicted.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=10347.0;attach=72207;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=23679.0;attach=72203;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=23809.0;attach=72990;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=4024.0;attach=72208;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=17782.0;attach=27326;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=3515.0;attach=72204;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=10743.0;attach=72205;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=2255.0;attach=72210;image)



¼d.  Woodcock.
½d.  Pig and piglets.
1d.   Hen and chicks.
3d.   Hare.
6d.   Irish wolfhound.
1s.   Bull.
2s.   Salmon.
2/6.  Irish hunter (horse).

Designer: Percy Metcalfe.

 
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:43:27 AM
Metcalfe produced various other commissions for the Royal Mint, including a new coin effigy for King Fuad of Egypt, issued in 1929, and one for his successor, King Farouk, which first saw the light of day in 1937. Metcalfe’s trademark initials, PM, can be seen clearly here at the bottom of the designs.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:45:38 AM
Metcalfe also created coin effigies of two kings of Iraq. His portrait of King Faisal I first appeared on the coins of Iraq in 1931, whilst his portrait of King Ghazi was first seen on coins in 1936.

See also: Iraq: Three Kings on Coins (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,8979.0.html).

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=8979.0;attach=12073;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=8979.0;attach=12083;image)(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=8979.0;attach=12085;image)
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:46:12 AM
Again for the Royal Mint, Metcalfe produced a new crowned effigy of King George V, which appeared on various overseas coins of the British Empire from 1934 onwards.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:46:54 AM
Also appearing in 1934 was the first coinage for Fiji. This was designed by Metcalfe, and shown here are the turtle on the sixpence and the outrigger on the shilling. The threepence was not released until 1947; it portrayed a native hut design by New Zealander James Berry (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9473).



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=2194.0;attach=73351;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=26954.0;attach=72283;image)

 
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:47:33 AM
In 1935 the Royal Mint issued a crown to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of King George V. Its reverse, depicting St George and the Dragon, was the work of Metcalfe. Its striking art deco style earned it the name of “The Rocking-Horse Crown”.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:48:14 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=91750;image)

George V died in January 1936. The new king, Edward  VIII, abdicated after only eleven months. The next king, George VI, was depicted uncrowned on his coins by Humphrey Paget (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,4118.0.html), but it was Metcalfe who provided his crowned effigy for those parts of the Empire that needed it. Seen below is his portrait as it appeared on the coinage of Southern Rhodesia before 1948.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 12:48:38 AM
Percy Metcalfe died in London on the ninth of October 1970.

See also Discarded designs from New Zealand's first independent coinage of 1933 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9429.0.html), which includes some interesting designs by Mr Metcalfe.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: constanius on March 10, 2011, 04:59:03 PM
He was a very talented individual.

(http://www.omnicoin.com/coins/969525.jpg)
A medal by Metcalfe, unlisted in BHM.
The Mond Nickel Company Ltd, undated, struck from pure nickel for the British Empire Exhibition 1924-1925 45mm by PM (Percy Metcalfe 1895-1970) Rare. Obv: helmeted head of warrior (Britannia) right, holding trident, below, part of a globe featuring a deer(springbok?), beaver, kangaroo and tiger,(for South Africa, Canada, Australia & India) Rev: THE/ MOND / NICKEL / COMPANY / LTD / NICKEL 99.9% plain edge.

I have a couple more of his medals for that exhibition that I still need to photograph.
Picture from the internet of one those that I need to dig out and take pictures & post.

(http://web.archive.org/web/20070320010946/http://www.vam.ac.uk/images/image/12668-large.jpg)(http://i102.photobucket.com/albums/m93/eurocoins/photo2_zpsucbsf5ia.jpg)
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: translateltd on March 10, 2011, 06:31:38 PM
And this one:

http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,5642.msg35394.html#msg35394


(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=5642.0;attach=7126;image)

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=5642.0;attach=7125;image)


Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: Figleaf on March 10, 2011, 09:22:51 PM
The medals give the best impression of Metcalfe's art. That is how it should be. Medals are art. Coins are public property and the public is conservative. It is a tribute to Metcalfe that he could restrain himself and produce the stuff the public would accept. I often marvel at how modern and powerful art deco looks today. That fantastic lion on the British empire medals to me is a predecessor of Botéro's cat.

Peter
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 09:53:29 PM
Medals are art. Coins are public property and the public is conservative.


The best coin designs are art too. Metcalfe managed to push the boundaries and produce some truly innovative coin designs, which are still admired today. True, in the area of medals, an artist has more freedom and scope to express himself.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: Figleaf on March 10, 2011, 11:20:09 PM
For the sake of honesty, the animals on coins was an idea of Yeats, not Metcalfe.

Peter
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 10, 2011, 11:24:45 PM
Yes, Yeats' idea, but the style in which they were depicted was all Metcalfe's.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 14, 2011, 09:40:59 PM
Here is another coin designed by Mr Metcalfe. You can see his initials on both sides. He has produced a fine portrait of Boris III of Bulgaria in conventional style, but the vegetation on the reverse is heavily stylised - even the "9" in 1934 is very angular. A very distinctive piece, all in all.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on March 25, 2011, 07:19:30 PM
As an employee of the Royal Mint, Percy Metcalfe created the portrait of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9222.0.html) that appears on the 10 and 20 dinar coins of 1931 and on the 50 dinar coin of 1932. He was also responsible for the design of the crowned double eagle that appears on the reverse of the coins.

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=9222.0;attach=12604;image)
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=9222.0;attach=12603;image)
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on October 27, 2011, 02:01:10 PM
Here is a medal designed by Percy Metcalfe to commemorate the British Empire Exhibition of 1925. I imagine the medal would have been on sale at the Exhibition itself. The reverse shows an agricultural scene, which is perhaps why the people in it look more Edwardian than 1920s, as they are not wearing high fashion. The design is not one of Metcalfe's best, but I suspect he was still in the process of developing his own style at the time. My thanks to fellow member africancoins for finding an image of the medal.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: chrisild on December 11, 2012, 03:59:32 PM
In another topic (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,15466.0.html) we are discussing the Latvian 5 lati coin (the famous "Latvian Maiden" type) designed by Rihards Zariņš. Interesting in this context: He was "assisted by Percy Metcalfe, an outstanding engraver from the Royal Mint", and "the silver 5-lats coin, with the plaster model by Percy Metcalfe, a distinguished engraver of The Royal Mint, United Kingdom" ... http://www.bank.lv/en/money/5-lats-silver-collector-coin

Christian
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on October 01, 2014, 01:59:24 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=1763.0;attach=48391;image)

Greece, 20 drachmai, 1930.   The Neptune/Poseidon design is by Percy Metcalfe.  (Michael Axelos designed the reverse).
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on October 01, 2014, 02:02:04 AM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=1763.0;attach=48392;image)

Greece, 10 drachmai, 1930.  Demeter, goddess of the harvest, by Percy Metcalfe. (Michael Axelos designed the reverse).

See the Bank of Greece web site post:

10-drachma coin, 1930. First Republic (1924-1935) (http://www.bankofgreece.gr/Pages/en/Bank/museum/temp_exhibitions/qr78.aspx)

The images on the obverse and the reverse are inspired by ancient Greek coins. The head of Demeter on the obverse, designed by Percy Metcalf, is modelled after the rare stater of the Delphic Amphictyony (336-334 B.C.). On the reverse, designed by Michael Axelos, the ear of grain is an exact reproduction of the same symbol used on the coins of Metapontum, a Greek colony in Lucania, Southern Italy.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on October 02, 2014, 07:13:38 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=28947.0;attach=48443;image)

Turkey, 5 kurus, 1943.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=28947.0;attach=48448;image)

Turkey, 50 kurus, 1935.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=28947.0;attach=48446;image)

Turkey, 10 kurus, 1937.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=28947.0;attach=48449;image)

Turkey, 1 lira, 1937.



Percy Metcalfe created a new art-deco-style design series for Turkey in 1935. Click on the link below for more details:

Turkey's modernised coinage of 1935 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,28947.0.html).

 
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on June 24, 2015, 10:55:03 AM
Percy Metcalfe also designed the portrait of King Michael of Romania on the coins shown above.

Romania 5 lei and 20 lei 1930.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on June 24, 2015, 10:58:11 AM
The English writer on numismatics, Edward Colgan, who has had articles published in Coin News (UK), sent me the image below, from James O'Sweeny's book, "A Numismatic History of the Birmingham Mint". I had wondered whether Mr Metcalfe also designed the reverse of the 20 lei that depicts King Michael/Mihai, since the style seems to be similar to that of the portrait of King Michael/Mihai. It is not clear from the text whether or not this is the case.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on September 10, 2015, 07:04:21 PM
Image copyright of St James's Auctions (http://stjauctions.com).

From Numisbids (https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=1239&lot=711):

Kingdom of Iraq, King Faisal I (1921-1933), a Royal Mint trial in silver by Percy Metcalfe for the first coinage of Iraq, undated (c. 1931), obv. profile bust to r. depicting King Faisal in traditional Arabic dress, rev. blank with the word MODEL in centre, milled edge, wt. 11.28gms., diam. 29mm., matte surfaces, good extremely fine, exceedingly rare, possibly the only example in private hands. This trial was possibly intended (by size) as a silver 100 fils, a denomination not introduced during the reign of Faisal I. Two examples of this piece are known in the British Royal Mint Collection.

My thanks to our forum member Niels, for alerting me to the existence of this piece.
Title: Re: Percy Metcalfe, Coin Designer
Post by: <k> on September 10, 2015, 07:12:03 PM
Image courtesy of Heritage Auctions (http://www.ha.com/).

Another find by forum member Niels.

Canada
Edward VIII Proof copper nickel Medal 1937 PR67 Cameo PCGS, Metcalfe obverse. Plain edge. With deep mirror surfaces.

Numisbids (https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=1217&lot=32727).