World of Coins

Medieval and cash coins => Other medieval coins => Topic started by: cam on October 17, 2020, 11:01:09 AM

Title: Friedrich the Handsome - Duchy of Austria - Pfennig
Post by: cam on October 17, 2020, 11:01:09 AM
Hey,

Duchy of Austria, Friedrich the Handsome, Pfennig, ND (1308–1330?). obv: Mermaid (cannot really see it), rev: Plain.

Frederick the Handsome (German: Friedrich der Schöne) or the Fair (c. 1289 – 13 January 1330), from the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1308 as Frederick I as well as King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1314 (anti-king until 1325) as Frederick III until his death.

Louis held Frederick captive at Trausnitz Castle in the Upper Palatinate for three years, but the persistent resistance by Frederick's brother Leopold, the retreat of King John of Bohemia from his alliance and a ban by Pope John XXII induced Louis to release him under the Treaty of Trausnitz of 13 March 1325. In this agreement, Frederick finally recognized Louis as legitimate ruler and undertook to return to captivity if he did not succeed in convincing his younger brothers to submit to Louis. As he did not manage to overcome Leopold's obstinacy, Frederick returned to Munich as a prisoner, even though the Pope had released him from his oath. Impressed by Frederick's noble gesture, Louis renewed the old friendship with Frederick and they agreed to rule the Empire jointly. Since the Pope and the prince-electors strongly objected to this agreement, another treaty was signed at Ulm on 7 January 1326, according to which Frederick would govern Germany as King of the Romans, while Louis would be crowned Emperor by the "people of Rome" under Sciarra Colonna in 1328.

Frederick's gracious return to captivity inspired Friedrich Schiller to write his poem Deutsche Treue ("German Loyalty") and Uhland to his tragedy Ludwig der Bayer ("Louis the Bavarian").
Title: Re: Friedrich the Handsome - Duchy of Austria - Pfennig
Post by: Figleaf on October 17, 2020, 11:40:42 PM
Here is another specimen that shows more of the mermaid. An interesting device. It's not a heraldic mermaid, so it is likely that it was meant as a true to life portrait. I wonder if duke Friedrich had eaten weird mushrooms when he saw a mermaid ;)

Peter
Title: Re: Friedrich the Handsome - Duchy of Austria - Pfennig
Post by: cam on October 18, 2020, 07:24:44 AM
Thanks, Peter, now it more obvious and yes, very strange :)