World of Coins

Modern coins, pseudo coins and trade tokens of other continents => Sub-Saharan Africa => East Africa => Topic started by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:14:39 PM

Title: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:14:39 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=88380;image)

Map of Réunion.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=88379;image)

Réunion and its geographical neighbours.



From Wikipedia:

Réunion (previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of France and an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius. As of January 2019, it had a population of 866,506.

The island has been inhabited since the 16th century, when people from France and Madagascar settled there. Slavery was abolished on 20 December 1848 (a date celebrated yearly on the island), after which indentured workers were brought from South India, among other places. The island became an overseas department of France in 1946.

As in France, the official language is French. In addition, the majority of the region's population speaks Réunion Creole.

Administratively, Réunion is one of the overseas departments of France. Like the other four overseas departments, it is also one of the 18 regions of France, with the modified status of overseas region, and an integral part of the republic with the same status as Metropolitan France. Réunion is an outermost region of the European Union and, as an overseas department of France, part of the Eurozone.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:15:47 PM
An aerial view of the island.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:16:38 PM
Some local scenery.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:18:18 PM
From Wikipedia:

The French franc circulated on Réunion alone (except for a single coin issue) until 1874, when distinct issues of currency commenced. Initially, notes of the Banque de la Réunion and the Colonial Treasury circulated alongside French currency. In 1896, coins were issued, followed by bank tokens in 1920.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:22:34 PM
50 francs, 1896.  The attractive obverse design features a helmeted Mercury - also known as Hermes the Messenger.

The reverse states: "Good for 50 cents".

See also: Good for what? (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,29806.0.html).

Image courtesy of numisbids.com.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:23:41 PM
The only other denomination was the franc, which carried similar designs.

Image courtesy of numisbids.com.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:24:22 PM
Both coins were also minted in a trial or "essai" version.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:27:21 PM
A set of hexagonal bank tokens was issued in 1920, with very plain designs.

Image courtesy of numisbids.com.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:34:21 PM
In 1945 the CFA franc was created. It was adopted in Réunion, and distinct coins were introduced in 1948.

Below you see the "essai version" of the 1 franc coin, dated 1948.

The obverse design showed Marianne, the symbol of France, in a winged Phrygian cap.

The ships in the background indicate that the island is an oversea territory.



The reverse design features sugar cane (top) and vanilla (bottom).

Both designs were by French artist and sculptor Lucien Bazor.



Image courtesy of numisbids.com.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:35:41 PM
A standard version of the 1 franc coin, dated 1964.

See also: Designs that show ships or boats sailing in the background (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,35561.0.html).
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:37:03 PM
The "essai" version of the 2 francs coin, with similar designs, dated 1948.

Image courtesy of numisbids.com.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:38:42 PM
Here is a closer view of the reverse of the 2 francs coin, dated 1948.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:41:31 PM
The 1 and 2 franc coins were made of aluminum, and in 1955 a 5 francs coin was added to the set.

It was also made of aluminum and carried similar designs.

Below you see the "essai" version. The standard version looked just the same, but without the word"ESSAI" on the obverse.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:43:41 PM
An aluminium-bronze 10 francs coin was also added to the set in 1955.

The reverse design was also by Lucien Bazor.

Below you see the "essai" version. The standard version looked just the same, but without the word"ESSAI" on the obverse.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:44:28 PM
The standard version of the 10 francs coin, dated 1962.

The motto "Praeter omnes angulus ridet" is derived from Horatio's verse Ille terrarum mihi praeter omnes angulus ridet (Odes, Book II, Ode VI, Verse 13), which can be translated as "Of all the corners of the world, there is none that so charms me".
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 01:48:41 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=88378;image)

The reverse of the 10 francs coin features the coat of arms of Saint Denis, a municipality of Réunion.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:16:54 PM
The obverse of the standard version of the 20 francs coin. The coin was first issued in 1955.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:18:06 PM
The reverse of the standard version of the 20 francs coin.

See also: Ships and boats on coats of arms (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?topic=27394.0).
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:19:51 PM
The "essai" version of the 10 francs coin, dated 1955.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:22:42 PM
In 1962 a nickel 50 francs coin was added to the set.

Below you see the "essai" version. The standard version looked just the same, but without the word"ESSAI" on the obverse.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:23:26 PM
Finally, in 1964 a nickel 100 francs coin was added to the set.

Below you see the "essai" version. The standard version looked just the same, but without the word"ESSAI" on the obverse.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:26:22 PM
The final coins in the Réunion set were dated 1973. The "new" French franc did not replace the Réunion franc until 1975, when French currency replaced Réunion's at a rate of 1 French (new) franc = 50 Réunion (CFA) francs.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 03:27:12 PM
Some attractive designs, then. Any comments?
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: quaziright on March 08, 2019, 06:31:54 PM
Yes, what's the story behind the elements on the coat of arms
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: gerard974 on March 08, 2019, 07:47:17 PM
hello
i am sorry but is in french
15-16/05/1964 : Blason de Saint-Denis La Réunion n° 1354.A (http://gravtoz.e-monsite.com/pages/louis-robert/1354-a-blason-de-saint-denis-la-reunion.html)

Best regards Gerard
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 08:35:32 PM
The parts of the shield depict mountains and a volcano with a smoking cloud above it; a galley sailing on the sea; and two palm trees. These elements evoke the physical characteristics of the island.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: <k> on March 08, 2019, 08:39:17 PM
The 1 franc coin of 1948 also comes in a muled version, where the normal reverse is muled with the obverse used in Comoros.

This legend includes "Republique Française" as usual but adds "Union Française", which does not appear on the obverse of the Réunion coins.

My thanks to gerard974 for drawing my attention to this.
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: gerard974 on March 09, 2019, 04:45:24 AM
Hello

for the 1 francs coin the mule is scarce and look the difference of values for this 2 types

(https://i83.servimg.com/u/f83/14/89/20/87/stan10.jpg) (https://servimg.com/view/14892087/1410)

url=https://servimg.com/view/14892087/1409](https://i83.servimg.com/u/f83/14/89/20/87/mule10.jpg)[/url]

Best regards Gerard
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: Afrasi on March 09, 2019, 02:59:15 PM
One of the older pieces:
Title: Re: Coinage of Réunion
Post by: Figleaf on March 10, 2019, 02:30:29 PM
That's the best specimen I remember seeing of this type!

Another Réunion coin that deserves mention is this one (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,7098.msg46549.html#msg46549). Its story is upthread the link.

Peter