World of Coins

Modern European coins except the euro => Central and Eastern Europe => Central Europe => Topic started by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:04:04 PM

Title: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:04:04 PM
From Wikipedia:

Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Its territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5 million and comprises mostly ethnic Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava. The official language is Slovak.

The end of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia in 1989, during the peaceful Velvet Revolution, was followed by the country's dissolution into two successor states. The word "socialist" was dropped in the names of the two republics, i.e. the Slovak Socialist Republic was renamed the Slovak Republic. In July 17, 1992 Slovakia, led by Prime Minister Vladimír Mečiar, declared itself a sovereign state, meaning that its laws took precedence over those of the federal government. Throughout the autumn of 1992, Mečiar and Czech Prime Minister Václav Klaus negotiated the details for disbanding the federation. In November the federal parliament voted to dissolve the country officially on December 31, 1992.

The Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic went their separate ways after 1 January 1993, an event sometimes called the Velvet Divorce. Slovakia has remained a close partner with the Czech Republic. Both countries co-operate with Hungary and Poland in the Visegrád Group.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:10:49 PM
In 1993, the newly independent Slovakia introduced its own koruna, replacing the Czechoslovak koruna at par. In 1993 coins were introduced in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 haliers, 1, 2, 5 and 10 korunas. The common obverse of the coins showed the coat of arms, the country name and the year.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:23:08 PM
The aluminium 10 halierov featured a 19th century wooden belfry from Zemplín, that can now be seen in the Museum of Košice.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:26:30 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4563/38312075142_b78044a384_o.jpg)

An image of the wooden belfry.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:29:47 PM
The 20 halierov, again in aluminium, featured Mount Krivan (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kriv%C3%A1%C5%88_(peak)).
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:30:31 PM
Mount Krivan.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:32:56 PM
The 50 halierov, another aluminium coin, depicted the ruins of Devín castle (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dev%C3%ADn_Castle).
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:33:59 PM
The picturesque ruins of Devín Castle.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:35:35 PM
From 1996 onward, the 50 halierov was minted in copper-plated steel.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:40:13 PM
The 1 koruna, made of bronze-plated steel, featured a Gothic wooden sculpture of the Madonna with child. 
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:41:50 PM
The original statue is now housed in the Slovak National Gallery in Bratislava.

Creative commons: photo licence: CC-BY-SA 3.0.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:46:11 PM
The 2 koruna, a nickel-plated steel coin, featured the Venus of Hradok.

From Wikipedia:

Nitriansky Hrádok is a district of a town of Šurany, Slovakia.  A famous find was a neolithic figurine of a sitting woman, which was dubbed the Venus of Hradok. "Venus" is an umbrella term used in archaeology for objects of this type.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:47:11 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=20133.0;attach=32249;image)

In 1997 an enlarged copy of the figurine by Jaroslav Gubric was erected at Hradok, .
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on November 14, 2017, 09:50:02 PM
The 5 korun, made of nickel-plated iron, depicted the reverse of a Celtic coin of Biatec from the first century AD. Biatec was an ancient Celtic Prince, named on the earliest Bratislavan coins.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on January 09, 2019, 02:14:21 PM
The aluminium-bronze 10 korun coin featured a bronze cross, around 1000 years old, that was excavated in the village of Veľká Mača.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on January 09, 2019, 02:15:03 PM
The 10 and 20 halierov coins were taken out of circulation on 31 December 2003. Slovakia adopted the euro currency on 1 January 2009, as the 16th member of the Euro zone.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on January 09, 2019, 02:15:17 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=40843.0;attach=77977;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=40843.0;attach=77979;image)



It's interesting to compare the two 50 halierov coins. The aluminium version was 22 mm in diameter, compared to 18.75 for the later copper-plated steel coin. The design of the later version seems considerably more detailed.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on January 09, 2019, 02:15:35 PM
The designer of this series was Drahomír Zobek, and his initial, a small "Z", appears at the bottom of each obverse and reverse. The mint mark of the Kremnica Mint also appears in the exergue on the common obverse.

This was a very attractive and distinctive design series.
Title: Re: Slovakia's first post-communist coin series
Post by: <k> on January 09, 2019, 02:18:05 PM
See also:

Slovakia: Two states, three coinages (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,9141.0.html).

The History and Coinage of the First Slovak Republic (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,42241.0.html).

War time patterns of the First Slovak Republic (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,38029.0.html).