World of Coins

Modern coins, pseudo coins and trade tokens of other continents => Sub-Saharan Africa => East Africa => Topic started by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:26:01 PM

Title: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:26:01 PM
Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It has a population of around 35 million and an area of 241,038 km2 (93,065 square miles). The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda also lies within the Nile basin, and has a varied but generally a modified equatorial climate. Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country, including the capital Kampala.

The official languages are English and Swahili, although "any other language may be used as a medium of instruction in schools or other educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes as may be prescribed by law." Luganda, a central language, is widely spoken across the country, and several other languages are also spoken including Runyoro, Runyankole, Rukiga, and Luo.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:27:32 PM
Beginning in 1894, the area was ruled as a protectorate by the British, who established administrative law across the territory. Uganda gained independence from Britain on 9 October 1962.

Below is the flag of the Uganda Protectorate, used until 1962.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:29:59 PM
Below you see Uganda's flag after independence. The three colours are representative of African peoples (black), Africa's sunshine (yellow), and African brotherhood (red being the colour of blood, through which all Africans are connected). The grey crowned crane is fabled for its gentle nature and was also the military badge of Ugandan soldiers during British rule. The raised leg of the crane symbolizes the forward movement of the country.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:34:14 PM
The shield and spears represent the willingness of the Ugandan people to defend their country. There are three images on the shield: those on top represent the waves of Lake Victoria and Lake Albert; the sun in the centre represents the many days of brilliant sunshine Uganda enjoys; and the traditional drum at the bottom is symbolic of dancing, and the summoning of people to meetings and ceremony. Before the constitution of 1967 abolished the country's ancient monarchies, the drum was symbolic of royalty and the authority of Uganda's kings. The kings of Uganda were the first to use the traditional lentil shaped African shield in their heraldic arms.

The shield is flanked on the heraldic left side by a crested crane (Balearica regulorum gibbericeps), a subspecies of the grey-crowned crane and the national bird of Uganda. On the right is the Ugandan kob (Kobus kob thomasi), a species of kob that here represents abundant wildlife.

The shield stands on a green mound, representing fertile land, and directly above a representation of the River Nile. Two main cash crops, coffee and cotton, flank the river. At the bottom is the national motto: "For God and My Country".
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:37:31 PM
Prior to independence, Uganda was part of the East Africa currency union and used the East African shilling (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_shilling). See also: British Empire: East Africa and Uganda Protectorates (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,22419.0.html). The first Ugandan shilling (UGS) replaced the East African shilling in 1966 at par.

In 1966, coins were introduced in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and 1 and 2 shillings. The 5, 10 and 20 cent coins were struck in bronze, with the higher denominations struck in cupro-nickel. The 2 shilling was only issued that year.

The Royal Mint in London explored various different designs for the coinage, that were not adopted. They can be seen here:

Alternative Coin Designs for Uganda, 1965-6 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11974.0.html).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:54:16 PM
The bronze coins showed a stylised floral arrangement on the obverse and four overlapping elephant tusks on the reverse.

Below you see the 5 cents coin.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:55:43 PM
The 10 cents coin.

See also: Coins with the denomination on both sides (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,19086.0.html).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 07:57:28 PM
The 20 cents coin was similar to the 5 and 10 cents coin.

Below you see all three denominations together.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:03:03 PM
The reverse of the higher denominations depicted a crowned crane against the background of Mount Muhavura, an extinct volcano, now in Uganda.

Below you see the 50 cents coin, courtesy of Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:04:22 PM
Below you see the 1 shilling coin, courtesy of Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:05:05 PM
Below you see the 2 shillings coin, courtesy of Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:06:36 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=22419.0;attach=43778;image)

A larger version of the beautiful reverse design. Unfortunately the Royal Mint's records do not show which artist created this design.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:08:11 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=6808.0;attach=29735;image)

You can see that the design was based on the reverse design of some of the very first coins of the East Africa and Uganda Protectorates.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:09:46 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=22419.0;attach=36261;image)



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=22419.0;attach=36262;image)

The designs on the bronze coins were also based on the designs of the earlier protectorates.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:10:57 PM
Here you see all the Ugandan coins together.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:18:25 PM
A heptagonal 5 shillings coin was issued in 1972. According to Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net/africa-world-coin-collection/item/uganda-5-shillings-km18):

It was withdrawn from circulation the same year. Apparently it was withdrawn at the request of the British government (or Bank) because it was the exact same size, shape, and weight as the British (and Irish) 50 p coins -- which had a much higher value -- and the Ugandan coins were showing up in Britain (e.g. in vending machines). This hypothesis makes some sense.

However, the Royal Mint made various other 50 pence sized coins for overseas countries: for the Seychelles, for instance. This explanation does not ring true to me. After all, it was the Royal Mint that produced this coin for Uganda in the first place.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 08:21:11 PM
From Wikipedia:

In 1976, copper-plated steel replaced bronze in the 5 and 10 cent and cupro-nickel-plated steel replaced cupro-nickel in the 50 cent and 1 shilling. In 1986, nickel-plated-steel 50 cent and 1 shilling coins were issued, the last coins of the first shilling.

Following high inflation, a new shilling was introduced in 1987, worth 100 old shillings. Copper-plated-steel 1 and 2 shilling and stainless-steel five and ten shilling coins were introduced, with the five and ten shilling curved-equilateral heptagonal in shape.

 
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:06:43 PM
The 12-sided 1 shilling coin of 1987 showed cotton plants on its reverse.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:07:38 PM
The 12-sided 2 shilling coin of 1987 showed also cotton plants on its reverse.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:08:57 PM
The 7-sided 5 shillings coin of 1987 showed coffee plants on its reverse.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:09:39 PM
The 7-sided 10 shillings coin of 1987 showed coffee plants on its reverse.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:15:17 PM
See also: Circulation sets with a majority of non-circular coins (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,17541.0.html).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:18:22 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=4024.0;attach=59935;image)

In 1995 Uganda issued a 200 shillings collector coin to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Food and Agricultural Organisation.

The cichlid fish design, by the Mint of Rome, maybe gave a hint of the coming new design series.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:24:09 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=24361.0;attach=61048;image)

Images courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).



Uganda issued a new design series in 1998. The set depicted Uganda's wildlife:

50   shillings.  Kob.
100 shillings.  Long-horned cow.
200 shillings.  Tilapia fish.
500 shillings.  Crested crane.

Designer: Stan Witten, Royal Canadian Mint.
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:25:59 PM
As usual, the coins showed the denominations on both sides. Below you see the obverses of the set.

Images courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:32:47 PM
In 2012 Uganda issued a bimetallic 1000 shillings circulating commemorative coin, to celebrate 50 years of independence.

See: Uganda New Issue: 50 Years of Independence (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,17613.0.html).



Images courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 14, 2017, 10:37:05 PM
This ends my survey of Ugandan coinage. Have I missed anything?

Meanwhile, be sure to look at this page, written by forum member africancoins: A Ugandan Discovery (http://africa.worldofcoins.eu/af-uga2.htm).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: Prosit on June 14, 2017, 11:32:48 PM
Well there are the questionable issues denominated Lingsshil instead of the Shilling.
2004 100 Lingsshil for example. maybe not worth mentioning.
Dale


This ends my survey of Ugandan coinage. Have I missed anything?

Meanwhile, be sure to look at this page, written by forum member africancoins: A Ugandan Discovery (http://africa.worldofcoins.eu/af-uga2.htm).
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: <k> on June 15, 2017, 12:10:26 AM
And I thought you were joking:

https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces109899.html

So which country / mint produced those?  :D
Title: Re: Uganda since independence
Post by: Prosit on June 15, 2017, 02:33:21 AM
It might be a joke even though it is a real coin-like thingy of some sort.

Darn if I know who made it but I did buy one for an example.
I had to have the 2004 100-Shilling w pig design and a 2004 100-Lingsshil w pig design for comparison.  :)

Pigs are a sign of luck so they say.

Dale

And I thought you were joking:

https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces109899.html

So which country / mint produced those?  :D