World of Coins

Modern coins, pseudo coins and trade tokens of other continents => Sub-Saharan Africa => East Africa => Topic started by: <k> on June 12, 2017, 08:31:57 PM

Title: Zambia
Post by: <k> on June 12, 2017, 08:31:57 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89918;image)

Map of Zambia.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89919;image)

Map of South-Central Africa.



The Republic of Zambia, whose capital is Lusaka, has a population of almost 17 million. Zambia became independent from Britain in October 1964. Previously, as Northern Rhodesia, it had been a member of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (also known as the Central African Federation), along with Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi).

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the eighteenth century, the region became the British protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state, with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation". Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation.

In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:28:53 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89920;image)



From Wikipedia:

The coat of arms of Zambia was adopted on 24 October 1964, when the Republic of Zambia achieved its independence. This coat of arms is adapted from the arms of the Colony of Northern Rhodesia which dates to 1927. The African fish eagle represents the conquest of freedom and nation's hope for the future. The pick and hoe represent the country's economic backbone: agriculture and mining, as well as the characteristics that have influenced Zambia's evolution and nature. The shield is a representation of Victoria Falls with white water cascading over black rock. The Victoria Falls represents the Zambezi river, from which Zambia takes its name.

The coat of arms also has emblems of Zambia's natural resources: minerals and mining, agriculture and wildlife. The shield is supported by two figures which represent the common man and woman of the nation. The country's motto is "One Zambia, One Nation", which emphasises the need for unity in a country of over 60 ethnic groups. The wavy black and white vertical lines also were present in the shield of the coat of arms of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1954-1963).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:31:28 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89921;image)



From Wikipedia:

The flag of Zambia was adopted upon independence on 24 October 1964. It is green, with an orange-coloured African fish eagle in flight over a rectangular block of three vertical stripes, which are coloured, from left to right: red, black and orange. Green stands for the nation's lush flora, red for the nation's struggle for freedom, black for the Zambian people, and orange for the land's natural resources and mineral wealth. Additionally, the eagle flying above the coloured stripes is intended to represent the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:33:49 PM
From Wikipedia:

The Zambian pound was the currency in Zambia from independence in 1964 until decimalization on January 16, 1968. It was subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence. The Zambian pound replaced the Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound at par. It was pegged to the pound sterling at par. In 1964, copper-nickel 6 pence, 1 and 2 shilling coins were introduced.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:35:44 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89924;image)



The common obverse of the new coinage showed the eagle and shield from the coat of arms.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:39:09 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89927;image)



Surprisingly, the lowest denomination of the new coinage was the sixpence. The reverse design depicted a morning glory flower, Zambia's national flower. English artist Norman Sillman (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,6692.0.html) produced the obverse and reverse designs for the Royal Mint.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:47:54 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89929;image)



The morning glory flower.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:48:08 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89926;image)



The reverse design of the shilling featured a trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 06:49:02 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89931;image)



The trumpeter hornbill.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:01:40 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89925;image)



The reverse of the 2 shillings coin, the highest denomination of the coinage, featured a bohor reedbuck (Redunca redunca), which is a species of antelope.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:02:31 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89932;image)



The bohor reedbuck.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:08:05 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=84133;image)



Zambia released a collector five shillings coin in 1965, commemorating the first anniversary of independence. Norman Sillman created the portrait of Kenneth Kaunda (Zambia's president from 1964 to 1991), and he also modelled the country's coat of arms with supporters.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:32:45 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89935;image)



A portrait of President Kaunda replaced the coat of arms on the circulation coinage from 1966.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:39:36 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89937;image)



To complete the set, Zambia issued a bronze penny in 1966. It was 27mm in diameter and had a hole in the centre. A farthing or halfpenny was never issued.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:40:53 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89765;image)



Neighbouring Malawi issued a penny in 1967. The two coins look rather similar, probably because they were both made at the Royal Mint (UK) and both were 27mm in diameter.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:42:45 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89938;image)



Zambia went decimal on January 16th 1968. The kwacha replaced the pound, at a rate of 2 kwacha = 1 pound or 1 kwacha = 10 shillings, and was divided into 100 ngwee. The name "kwacha" derives from the Nyanja word for "dawn", alluding to the Zambian nationalist slogan of a "new dawn of freedom". The name ngwee translates as "bright" in the Nyanja language.The common obverse of the coins showed President Kaunda, as usual.

A new coinage was produced. The three predecimal designs were transferred to new denominations, whilst the 1 ngwee coin featured an aardvark, and the 2 ngwee coin depicted a martial eagle. All the designs were once again the work of Norman Sillman.



See also: The pound: predecimal to decimal design continuity (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,40487.0.html).

 
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:49:31 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=10896.0;attach=50394;image)



Here is a closer look at Norman Sillman's ardvark design on the reverse of the 1 ngwee coin.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:50:16 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=23620.0;attach=50395;image)



Here is a closer look at Norman Sillman's martial eagle design on the reverse of the 2 ngwee coin.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:51:30 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=13166.0;attach=82959;image)



A closer look at the reverse of the 5 ngwee coin.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:58:43 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=23641.0;attach=80960;image)



A closer look at the reverse of the 10 ngwee coin.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 07:58:58 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89940;image)



A closer look at the reverse of the 20 ngwee coin.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:01:31 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=78785;image)



Here is Norman Sillman's initial sketch for the 1 ngwee, featuring an aardvark.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:02:20 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=78786;image)



Here is Norman Sillman's initial sketch for the 2 ngwee, featuring a martial eagle.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:03:31 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=11038.0;attach=88582;image)



Zambia issued its first 50 ngwee coin in 1969 to celebrate the fifth anniversary of its independence.

The reverse of the coin shows a FAO-themed design, depicting an ear of maize. Maize also appears on Zambia coat of arms. The design was again by Norman Sillman. FAO stands for "Food and Agricultural Organisation".
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:06:11 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89941;image)



Another of Norman Sillman's sketches, produced in 1969, showing a FAO-themed design that was never released.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:31:23 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89942;image)

In the 1980s Zambia issued two interesting commemorative 20 ngwee coins.

Above you can see the 1981 version, which commemorates World Food Day.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:31:43 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89943;image)

Zambia, 20 ngwee, 1985.  Twentieth anniversary of the central bank. 



Apparently this little piece is quite scarce.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:35:02 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89944;image)



Zambia issued a 1 kwacha circulation coin in 1989. The design, by Robert Elderton, featured two African fish eagles. The coin was a one year type.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 05, 2019, 08:37:10 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=17993.0;attach=73950;image)



Interestingly, some Royal Mint sketches show earlier attempts to create a design for a circulating kwacha coin:

See: Zambia: Kwacha sketches of 1983 (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,17993.0.html).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:23:53 PM
In 1992 a new and smaller coinage was introduced consisting of nickel-plated-steel 25 and 50 ngwee and brass 1, 5 and 10 kwacha. The higher denominations reflect increasing inflation in Zambia. The Royal Canadian Mint produced the new set, which included some beautiful new wildlife designs. However, the hornbill design from the old 10 ngwee was retained for the new 25 ngwee, which was the lowest denomination of the new set.

The coins were issued for only one year and then discontinued as the economic crisis dragged on.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:25:02 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89961;image)



The obverse of the 25 ngwee coins. The coat of arms formed the common obverse of all the new coins.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:26:08 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89962;image)



The reverse of the 25 ngwee, showing the familiar hornbill.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:30:49 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89963;image)



The reverse design of the 50 ngwee coin featured an antelope, the kafue lechwe (Kobus leche kafuensis).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:31:17 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89966;image)



The kafue lechwe.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:33:11 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89958;image)



The obverse of the brass 1 kwacha coin of 1992.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:35:23 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89967;image)



The reverse of the 1 kwacha coin featured two African fish eagles.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:39:43 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89968;image)



African fish eagles.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:40:00 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89959;image)



The reverse of the 5 kwacha coin featured a sable antelope.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:40:38 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89969;image)



A sable antelope.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:45:17 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89960;image)



The reverse of the 10 kwacha coin featured a black rhinoceros.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 01:47:03 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89970;image)



The black rhinoceros or hook-lipped rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a species of rhinoceros, native to eastern and southern Africa. Although the rhinoceros is referred to as black, its colors vary from brown to grey.

The other African rhinoceros is the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). The word "white" in the name "white rhinoceros" is often said to be a misinterpretation of the Afrikaans word wyd (Dutch wijd) meaning wide, referring to its square upper lip, as opposed to the pointed or hooked lip of the black rhinoceros. These species are now sometimes referred to as the square-lipped (for white) or hook-lipped (for black) rhinoceros.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 02:42:55 PM
On January 1 2013 the currency was redenominated, and the new kwacha was equal to 1000 old kwacha. New coins were introduced, namely for 5, 10, 50 ngwee and 1 kwacha. Those coins were all dated 2012, however. The coins and the new designs were the work of the South African Mint.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 02:49:48 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89973;image)



The obverse of the 5 ngwee coin.

Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 02:50:18 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89974;image)



The reverse design of the 5 ngwee featured a Zambezi indigo bird (Vidua codringtoni).

Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 02:53:53 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89976;image)



A Zambezi indigo bird.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 02:57:49 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89975;image)



The obverse of the 10 ngwee coin.

Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 02:58:03 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89977;image)



The reverse design of the 10 ngwee featured an eland (Taurotragus oryx).

Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 03:01:53 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89983;image)



The eland, a species of antelope.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 03:03:27 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89979;image)

The reverse of the 50 ngwee coin featured an elephant.



There was no 20 or 25 ngwee coin.

Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 03:07:39 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89980;image)

The obverse of the 1 kwacha coin.



This was the highest denomination of coin.

The 5 ngwee and 1 kwacha coins were made of nickel-plated steel, whilst the 10 and 50 ngwee coins were made of brass-plated steel.

Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 03:09:34 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89981;image)

The reverse of the 1 kwacha coin featured a Chaplin's barbet bird (Lybius chaplini).



Image courtesy Daniel's Coin Zoo (http://www.coinzoo.net).
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 03:11:44 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=39617.0;attach=89984;image)



Chaplin's barbet.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: <k> on April 06, 2019, 03:14:43 PM
To my knowledge, there have been no new developments since 2013.
Title: Re: Zambia
Post by: Big_M on April 09, 2019, 09:31:07 AM
To my knowledge, there have been no new developments since 2013.

No new developments, the coins of the current series are being issued with new dates.