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Ancient coins => Indian subcontinent: Ancient & Pre-sultanate => Topic started by: rgs1978 on March 23, 2017, 05:09:39 PM

Title: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 23, 2017, 05:09:39 PM
Hi friends,
I have been posting some South Indian coins off late and suddenly this theme occured to me as this is what i collect mainly nowadays (though i do collect other coins also). Here's my first post on this theme and more to follow...

A recent acquisitionof Nayaks of Tanjavur of Tamilnadu, India provenance.
Obverse: Lord Vishnu
Reverse: Shivalingam
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on March 23, 2017, 05:43:25 PM
It is always good to have one or several themes in your collection where you can go beyond the basics of just collecting.
The South-Indian coins have had less attention in the past here on this site than their Northern counterparts. So i applaud your intention to show more of these !

Anthony
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 24, 2017, 12:43:35 AM
My next post is a scarce coin of Tanjavur Nayaks showing a dancing Krishna on obverse and Hanuman running to to left.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on March 24, 2017, 12:04:16 PM
Do you happen to know why there are two dots to the left of Krishna's face as well as Hanuman's face?

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 24, 2017, 05:02:22 PM
Do you happen to know why there are two dots to the left of Krishna's face as well as Hanuman's face?

Peter

My imagination. Probably seniors can correct me.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 24, 2017, 05:11:47 PM
Nayaks of Madhurai - Overstruck motif over another...
Obverse: Garuda overstruck on seated Lakshmi/seated Goddess.
Reverse: "Govinda" Legends in Tamil
Rare coin.

I have rotated the coin and enlarged and shown where we can see the Lakshmi under Garuda. It is shown in the bottom part...

Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 24, 2017, 05:18:37 PM
This time with Ram Sita and Hanuman. Usually I see Lakshman also in pictures that can be seen online. May be off flan? But am able to see dotted border clearly..don't think it is off flan. What is your opinion?
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on March 24, 2017, 05:42:16 PM
Looks to be nicely centered and complete to me.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 26, 2017, 06:20:22 PM
Next coin in this series has the motif of Lord Rama with a bow on the obverse and Sree Veera legend on the reverse.a Madhurai Nayaks Issue. Nicely struck on the obverse centrally, this coin is a recent addition to my kitty.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on March 26, 2017, 06:56:58 PM
What you don't mention about this last one, and what makes it extra interesting, is that it seems to be overstruck.
As i can see a "Sri Veera" also next to the bow. Now the question is, was this overstruck on a previous issue, or might this be a "flip over double strike" while it was minted ?
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 26, 2017, 07:32:36 PM
Yes, I forgot to mention about overstruck part. However I couldn't find any other underlying motifs there. I think most probably a flip over double strike. Am not an expert though.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 28, 2017, 02:45:25 PM
It is said that Lord Vishnu, the one among the three who is associated with protection of the Universe, is in a state of cosmic hybernation (refered to as ANANTHASAYANAM) on top of Adishesha, who is the king of Snakeworld and is accompanied by his consort Goddess Lakshmi.

The coins with Ananthasayanam depicted is most often seen in the coinage of Princely State Travancore and then Madhurai Nayaks. The Ananthasayanam coins are deemed to be rare in good condition and scarcer in any lower condition. Here is a coin depicting Ananthasayanam on the obverseof Madhurai Nayaks with legend "Sreeveera" on the reverse. A rock inscription of the image from some unknown site, from net sources is also given for ready comparison.

 
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on March 28, 2017, 02:49:11 PM
A coin with legend Sreeveera on reverse and showing Lord Hanuman praying Lord Narasimha, the incarnation /Avatar of Mahavishnu. Madurai Nayaks issue.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on April 10, 2017, 04:15:34 AM
Obverse: Ram, Lakshman and Sita
Reverse: Legend "Sree Veera"

Madhurai Nayaks coin
Reverse seems to be overstruck..
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on April 10, 2017, 12:35:22 PM
Obverse: Lord Narasimha
Reverse: Telugu Legend

Madhurai Nayaks issue.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on April 18, 2017, 06:03:13 PM
Another south indian Sree Veera (overstruck in reverse).
The tiny coin shows LakshmiNarasimha on the obvrese. Narasimhavatar of Lord Vishnu to save his devotee Prahlada from demon king Hiranyakashipu is often worshipped in UgraNarasimha form where the diety is at the zenith of anger and to kill all and everything due to his wrath against Hiranyakashipu, who tortures his devotee Prahlada. Now, he is worshipped in the form of the benevolent Lakshmi Narasimha, his anger abated, his desire to destruct lessened by the tiny Lakshmi who sits on his right thigh.

I got attracted to this tiny coin due to its unusual shape, which I assume happened during hammering.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on April 24, 2017, 11:08:31 PM
The pictures you found makes the coins extra interesting. I think the unusual shape came about because the flan was too hot when it was handled by a tweezer during production.

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on April 29, 2017, 08:08:21 PM
Nayaks of Madhurai - Overstruck motif over another...
Obverse: Garuda overstruck on seated Lakshmi/seated Goddess.
Reverse: "Govinda" Legends in Tamil
Rare coin.

I have rotated the coin and enlarged and shown where we can see the Lakshmi under Garuda. It is shown in the bottom part...

Another one....
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on May 15, 2017, 10:29:05 AM
Nayaks issue with legend Sri Mangamma

Obverse showing Lord Narasimha in the "Yoganarasimha" pose (Yoga Narasimha is a form of Vishnu's incarnation as Narasimha the man lion, seated cross-legged in a Yogic posture) in front of the Sudarsana Chakra (For those who don't know, Sudarshana is name given for the famous discus weapon of Lord Vishnu, the ultimate weapon of destruction).
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on May 15, 2017, 05:24:25 PM
Nice find again ! If i would have encountered htis i probably would not have recognized the deity on this one.
Thanks for accompanying many of your coins with the corresponding statues ! Shows nicely how the coinage was an integral part of the culture of the society in these days.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on May 15, 2017, 06:34:39 PM
Nice find again ! If i would have encountered htis i probably would not have recognized the deity on this one.
Thanks for accompanying many of your coins with the corresponding statues ! Shows nicely how the coinage was an integral part of the culture of the society in these days.

Sir it is only my duty to give back to the forum as I have taken so much info from this forum for enhancing my knowledge. And South Indian coinage is something which is least represented here and hence i can add some info. Glad to do that for future collectors. My only disappointment is out of the 1000+ varieties available i can show only very few here as it is not falling under my theme collection and hence i do not collect. I do attach possible photos from net sources with many of my coins because, this is an international forum and as such many people may not be familiar with the hinduism and its multiple Gods in various forms.

Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on May 15, 2017, 08:04:14 PM
And your efforts are surely appreciated ! :like:

Anthony
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on July 24, 2017, 07:14:26 PM
Here are two tiny coins of Tanjavur ....Both coins have a Shivalinga on the reverse.
Coin 1: Diety on a bird (may be Goddess Saraswati on a swan?)
Coin 2: Tiger / Lion to left with tail raised..
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on July 29, 2017, 07:45:26 PM
Obverse: Seated Narasimha (probably Yoga Narasimha - please refer my other post for what Yoga Narasimha is).
Reverse: Tamil legend "Govinda" (partly off flan).

weight: 2.87 grams
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on July 30, 2017, 05:53:00 PM
Here is a coin of Nayaks of Tanjavur
Obverse: Vishnu (Overstruck?)
Reverse: Garlanded Shivalingam
weight: 3.29grams
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on July 30, 2017, 05:55:54 PM
Obverse: Lord Vishnu
Reverse: Shivalingam
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on July 30, 2017, 05:57:03 PM
Obverse: Lord Shiva with consort Parvathy
Reverse: Tamil legend "Sri"
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Saikat on July 30, 2017, 06:16:06 PM
Very nice collection. This thread is turning out a catalogue of South Indian coins.
Thanks for showing these.
Saikat
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: EWC on July 31, 2017, 08:33:16 AM
Just a thought -  my recollection from visiting Hampi many years ago is that there are many many columns there, each one formed as two or more often three connected cubes, thus each showing eight or twelve faces.  On each face is carved a very specific icon.  Since I seem to recall hundreds of such pillars that makes for thousands of icons, although many of course repeat.

The second thing I noticed is that many of the icons were obviously from the same set that inspired the Nayak of Madura copper issues, which would be near contemporary I suppose. 

It would be a nice project to see how many could be exactly matched up, with pics side by side.........

Here is a link to some photos of the sort of pillars I saw at Hampi, although I suppose many collectors in India will already know what I am talking about.  (amazingly, I could not find pics for Hampi itself - in a quick seach via google images)

http://tamilnadu-favtourism.blogspot.co.uk/2016/07/astrapurisvara-temple-aanur-chengalpet.html
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on July 31, 2017, 10:18:48 AM
Interesting thought. It brings up another one. Could these coins have been made solely for the purpose of offering at the temples?

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: EWC on July 31, 2017, 10:35:47 AM
Interesting thought. It brings up another one. Could these coins have been made solely for the purpose of offering at the temples?

"Solely" seems unlikely to me - but certainly the involvement of temples in their use and perhaps issue needs close scrutiny.

Actually, I would tend to turn the question upside down - to what extent were temples (and indeed mosques and cathedrals) actually really banks but operating somewhat incognito?

I just finished reading Zola's "Money" and somewhat similar ideas creep into his thoughts too......
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on July 31, 2017, 11:50:09 AM
Interesting thought. It brings up another one. Could these coins have been made solely for the purpose of offering at the temples?

Peter4

I believe evidences points out that they were used in circulation. My logic is the area from where these coins are obtained (mostly riverbed) is far spread wide to think that these were only limited to temples. However who actually issued these coins is also a question to ponder upon. This doubt comes because coins weight are not seemingly following any weight standards.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on August 12, 2017, 11:38:47 AM
I wouldn't consider the riverbed evidence as conclusive. My understanding is that even in India today, coins are offered to the river upon crossing. In a sense, river crossings are, like temples, places of religious importance.

My benchmark is Celtic temple treasures. Apparently, they were often formed by burying a very large vessel into the ground on a spot of religious importance. Visitors would see only a hole or slot. The offerings, typically rouelles or other tokens, would disappear there without a trace. I presume that, to prevent theft, there would be stories about spirits bringing the offerings to the gods or guarding the treasure or both. After some time, such stories might have convinced even the priests to leave the treasure alone.

I am extending that benchmark to India as we have seen stories of immense forgotten treasures found in temples, evidence of a tradition of hoarding wealth in temples. Then, there are the cases where in modern India people buy offer tokens. The temple gets to use the official money, the offer tokens go to the deity. I consider your remark that the weight of the coins varies as additional evidence: the divine receivers of offers don't care about the weight and don't spend them among humans.

Of course, if demand is pretty constant and the coins are hoarded, you can expect a whole series of such pieces, with the whole pantheon represented, so every individual can honour his or her favourite deity. All that doesn't exclude their use as money. It just says that use as offering may have been prevalent. I wonder if these coins are usually found worn, or rather in good condition.

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: EWC on August 13, 2017, 09:25:09 AM
My benchmark is Celtic temple treasures. Apparently, they were often formed by burying a very large vessel into the ground on a spot of religious importance. Visitors would see only a hole or slot. The offerings, typically rouelles or other tokens, would disappear there without a trace. I presume that, to prevent theft, there would be stories about spirits bringing the offerings to the gods or guarding the treasure or both. After some time, such stories might have convinced even the priests to leave the treasure alone.

A benchmark surely needs to be very well founded upon facts.  Can you point to the facts backing this suggestion?   Sam Moorehead at the BM recently argued a religious explanation to the Frome hoard.  As far as I could tell that was based entirely upon fashionable prejudices amongst academic archaeologists, and had no firm basis in fact at all.  I can dig out my criticism in that case if it is of interest

Rob T
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on August 13, 2017, 12:45:52 PM
You are lucky. My brain works like a text, not like a collection of footnotes, so I seldom remember where I got the info from, but in this case I do: Muntgebruik in een dynamisch grensgebied. Keltische munten in de Nederrijnse regio by Prof. Dr. Nico Roymans (Leiden 2007), page 7 and 8.

The information is based on a number of huge treasures found deep in the ground at a place known to have been of religious importance. It is now widely accepted that the rouelles were not coins but temple offerings. Deducting such tokens, Roymans calculates (page 12) that in the Lower Rhineland region, 86% of the Celtic coins found came from rural settlements, 4% from places of religious importance, 3% from a vicus ("agglomeration"), 3% from a military camp and 4% unknown. This pattern differs from Celtic coins found in the neighbouring (German) Rhineland area (12% rural, 4% religious, 7% vicus, 19% military, 5% oppidum, 2% funeral, 9% hidden treasure, 42% unknown)* but the share of religious deposits is comparable in both areas, while the religious treasures found at least in the Netherlands are quite large.

In a note, Roymans states: It is shown that in Picardie (region in France) that coins were struck in religious sanctuaries: cf. Delestrée (2005). Furthermore, it should be taken into account, that ritual deposits of coins may have occurred on non-religious sites such as oppida or rural settlements.

Peter

* IMO, part of the difference, notably the share of "unknown" is to a significant extent a consequent of different treasure trove laws.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: EWC on August 14, 2017, 01:15:48 PM
Thanks Peter.  My disagreement is not with you but more or less the whole of modern academic archaeology.  I do not have access to the book you mention – but similar stuff from Roymans can be found here:

https://www.academia.edu/12290750/2009_Coin_use_in_a_dynamic_frontier_region._Late_Iron_Age_coinages_in_the_Lower_Rhine_area

You are lucky. My brain works like a text, not like a collection of footnotes, so I seldom remember where I got the info from, but in this case I do: Muntgebruik in een dynamisch grensgebied. Keltische munten in de Nederrijnse regio by Prof. Dr. Nico Roymans (Leiden 2007), page 7 and 8. The information is based on a number of huge treasures found deep in the ground at a place known to have been of religious importance. It is now widely accepted that the rouelles were not coins but temple offerings. Deducting such tokens, Roymans calculates (page 12) that in the Lower Rhineland region, 86% of the Celtic coins found came from rural settlements, 4% from places of religious importance, 3% from a vicus ("agglomeration"), 3% from a military camp and 4% unknown. This pattern differs from Celtic coins found in the neighbouring (German) Rhineland area (12% rural, 4% religious, 7% vicus, 19% military, 5% oppidum, 2% funeral, 9% hidden treasure, 42% unknown)* but the share of religious deposits is comparable in both areas, while the religious treasures found at least in the Netherlands are quite large.  In a note, Roymans states: It is shown that in Picardie (region in France) that coins were struck in religious sanctuaries: cf. Delestrée (2005). Furthermore, it should be taken into account, that ritual deposits of coins may have occurred on non-religious sites such as oppida or rural settlements.

Firstly, Temples and Churches are part of the normal commercial world, and long have been.  Temples in Mesopotamia were making loans at interest to farmers in 2000 BC.  The Templars dominated international banking in Europe/the Near East around the 12th century.  British Cathedrals were speculating on the medieval version of shopping malls back in the 14th century.  Actually, a traditional Hindu temple is quite a lot like a shopping mall too, and I believe they were much involved in banking transactions.  Today the Vatican and the Church of England both have big investment portfolios.  Finding a lot of cash on a temple site just means they were in the black financially, it tells you nothing about how the money was used.

Add to that – if Roymans is correct that only 4% of Celtic coin finds are from cult sites that is evidence that coins were not much used for religious purposes in my book!

Apparently, they were often formed by burying a very large vessel into the ground on a spot of religious importance. Visitors would see only a hole or slot. The offerings, typically rouelles or other tokens, would disappear there without a trace.

I often hear stories like this from archaeologists.  I ask them if they dug up some ancient CCTV tapes – otherwise – how could they know such things?

Roymans shares platforms with Sam Moorehead – that not a surprise to me.  I wrote critically to Moorehead and got no reply.  I met him in a pub and put my criticisms but got no defence.  I saw him admit at a conference that he had received a lot of criticism.   None of it changed his mind.

Modern archaeology in involved in spreading ideologically driven interpretations of the past for sure.  But are they empirically based?  Not much as far as I have seen.

Rob T
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on August 14, 2017, 02:57:11 PM
Much to agree with, but some disagreement as well.

The Order of the Knights of the Temple was most certainly religiously inspired, but it was not a church organisation. It originated as a private initiative and operated independently outside the church hierarchy, to the point where a grand master (I believe it was the one who was in charge during the Ottoman attempt to conquer Malta, no time to check now) refused to become pope. It is telling that a king and a pope orchestrated their downfall in a grand scenario that was commonly played on a much smaller scale with jews.

The 4% of coins Roymans* mentions are what remains after deduction of tokens. All it shows that most of the huge "temple" site (in fact, some of those sites look more like country chapels, holy sources and trees than temples to me) treasures consisted of tokens, which was my point in the first place and which restricts the possibilities of the priests and guardians to turn them into loans.

I have no doubt that some of the wealth (not necessarily coins) of religious institutions went into investments. However, I think that it basically took the form of leasing land that they hadn't enough monks for to tenants. Irrelevant side note: I have indirectly worked with an institution in charge of providing Roman catholic clergy with a pension. I am neither impressed by their investment policy, nor by the level of pensions provided.

Peter

* The paper you linked to looks much the same as the Dutch version I have.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 15, 2017, 05:39:33 PM
Here is the latest member of this family added to my small collection..
Tanjavur Nayaks
Obv: Stylised form of Lord Narasimha
Reverse: Sree Veera legend
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on September 17, 2017, 09:28:25 AM
A coin worthy of your collection. Your fingertip makes a good point on the size of the coin (and your ability not to move when you take a picture like this :))

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on September 17, 2017, 09:44:36 AM
Very beautifully made face of the deity, especially considering the size of the coin.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 17, 2017, 10:52:48 AM
Thanks for your kind words. Will come up with more soon...
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 21, 2017, 02:34:59 AM
The first coin showing Goddess Lakshmi with Shivlinga on other side and second coin showing Lord Shiva and Parvathy seated on one side with tamil letter SRI on the other side....Not at par in condition of other posted coins, but are not easy to get always...:)
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 28, 2017, 06:44:56 PM
Garuda with folded hands on one side and seated Lakshmi on other side.. Over struck on some other coin..
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 28, 2017, 06:46:30 PM
Assorted Shivalingam small coins weighing approx. 0.8-1.2 grams only..
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 28, 2017, 06:47:22 PM
Siva parvathy on one side. other side legend Sreeveera
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 28, 2017, 06:49:15 PM
God and Goddess on bird (Lord Muruga/Subramanya with his wife Vallidevi?) on one side with Sreeveera on other side. two coins..
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 28, 2017, 06:53:41 PM
Tanjavur Marathas...issued during Maratha rule..found near Gingee region...
Obverse shows Lord Shiva with consort Parvathy
Reverse shows nagari legend "Maha/raja".
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on September 28, 2017, 06:58:09 PM
Dancing Lord Nataraja on one side, legend Sreeveera on other side...
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on September 28, 2017, 11:32:20 PM
I am getting the feeling that some of these legends have an aesthetic function...

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on November 08, 2017, 03:37:33 AM
Another coin attributed to Nayaks of Madurai..
Obverse: Garuda with Kalasa
Reverse: Legend "Sri"

Am attaching a picture from net for ready reference
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on November 08, 2017, 03:40:01 AM
Another tiny coin from Nayaks of Sivaganga. Here the difference is near the Shiv Linga, one can see a tiny sun and crescent (moon). Obverse: Lord Ram and Lakshmana with bow.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on November 08, 2017, 03:41:45 AM
One more coin from collection with Lord Hanuman to right. Atributed to Arani Marathas (Showing a strong base for Marathas in Tamilnadu region) . Reverse is showing criss cross lines...Scarce variety..
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on November 08, 2017, 11:36:00 AM
Thank you for the continuous adding of new varieties. Makes a great expanding reference thread !

Anthony
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on December 05, 2017, 07:11:24 PM
"Sree Veera" legend on reverse. Hanuman on reverse.
A photo from internet for reference.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on December 10, 2017, 04:25:52 PM
A couple more coinage from Tanjavur Maratha. Though they do not have motifs of Gods and Goddesses, they do have something to do with God/Temple and so i think it justifies posting these coins here rather than starting a new thread for them.
 
Coin 1 :
Obverse: Legend "Maharaj"
Reverse: Legend "Mahadev" (Lord Shiva?)

Coin 2

Obverse: Temple Gopuram (Tower) flanked by sun and crescent
Revere: Legend "Rama" (Though i am not sure about this. Seniors may please correct me)
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on December 10, 2017, 04:30:16 PM
Vijayanagar nondated coin.
Obverse Sword/dagger flanked by twin Garudas kneeling to left and right
Reverse: Legends " cha/la/ma"
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on December 10, 2017, 05:29:07 PM
Great additions ! I do not know what to make of the characters on your second last post though.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on December 16, 2017, 11:20:22 PM
A scarce coin of Madurai Nayaks with Sree veera legend on reverse. Obverse shows Lord Hanuman carrying Lord Ram and Lady Sita.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: rgs1978 on May 25, 2018, 07:49:09 PM
Newly added a coin of Tanjavur Nayaks to my collection. On the obverse it shows Indra (Indra - King of the Gods, God of Lightning, Thunder, Rains and River flows , King of Heaven) seated on his Vehicle (vahana) Iravata (the White elephant).
The picture on left side from a temple from Tamilnadu (image source- internet - provided by seller) , the right most side image is courtesy to the British Museum which desctibes "The gold-complexioned, thousand eyed god carries two vajras (thunderbolts)– shown here as swords with S-shaped blades – in his upper hands and a large ankusha (elephant goad) in his lower right. The elephant is richly caparisoned and decorated: rings adorn its tusks, and chains of different designs are wound around its neck."

The reverse of the coin shows King standing...as is usually seen on this type of Nayaks Coin.
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: Figleaf on May 25, 2018, 08:38:17 PM
What an exquisite beauty that is! And that's even before considering how small this coin is. Artistry and high skill combined in one piece. TFP.

Peter
Title: Re: South Indian coins with motifs of Hindu Gods/Goddesses - various examples
Post by: THCoins on May 25, 2018, 10:01:25 PM
WOW, thats an extremely beatifull elephant rider !
A feast for the eye that wakes me up again just at the moment i thought i had to go to sleep now.
Thanks for displaying !