World of Coins

Modern European coins except the euro => Benelux => Topic started by: eurocoin on July 21, 2016, 09:54:38 AM

Title: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on July 21, 2016, 09:54:38 AM
This topic is part of a series of topics about the coinage of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and its realms. Other topics will be released soon.



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Comments on: "Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands" (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,38670.0.html)
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:23:49 PM
                            (https://s25.postimg.cc/o2kgcuwsv/Netherlands_CIA_WFB_Map.png)     (https://s25.postimg.cc/abkkodx8v/som.jpg)



The Netherlands is the main constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The main land is situated in western Europe. Since the Netherlands Antilles were dissolved in 2010, Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius became special overseas municipalities of the Netherlands. The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam. The Netherlands has 17 million inhabitants. The de-facto official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, there are also several official local languages: Frisian (Friesland; a province in the north of the Netherlands), English (St Eustatius and Saba) and Papiamento (Bonaire). Papiamento is a creole language that incorporates words from Portuguese, West African languages, Dutch and Spanish. The current head of state of the Netherlands is King Willem-Alexander.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:24:24 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/fjd22d9cf/Amsterdam.jpg)



The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:24:40 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/8629h5eof/wapen2.jpg)



The coat of arms of the Netherlands consists of a crowned shield with a lion on it who holds a sword and seven arrows (referring to the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_of_Utrecht)). Furthermore there are 2 supporting lions and a scroll with the motto "Je Maintiendrai" (I will maintain).
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:25:00 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/gplnewn0v/vlag.jpg)



Flag of the Netherlands. Variants of it have been in use since 1572 which makes it one of the oldest national flags. The only exception to this was from 1810 until 1813 when the Netherlands was a part of France and so used the French flag. Originally the first band was orange but this was changed in the 17th century.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:25:20 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/pttpq7kb3/1816.jpg)



Following the Congress of Vienna, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands came into being in 1815. The kingdom consisted of what we now know as the Netherlands and Belgium. There was also a personal union between the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The first coin was issued in 1816. The coin has a face value of 2,5 guilders and is known as 'silver rijksdaalder' or 'silver ducat'. The obverse depicts a knight holding a sword and a cord with the coat of arms of the province of Utrecht attached to it. Around the edge the abbreviations of Moneta Nova Argenta Provinciarum Belgii can be seen. This latin phrase means "New silver coin of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands". On the reverse the crowned coat of arms of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands can be seen. Around the edge Concordia Res Parvae Crescunt can be seen, which means "Unity makes strength". The coin was minted at the Royal Dutch Mint for trade in the Baltic states.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:25:42 PM
In 1818 the United Kingdom of the Netherlands started the issuance of its first series of coins. It is important to note that the 2,5 guilder coin that was issued in 1816 remained in use as well as the provincial coinage from before the United Kingdom of the Netherlands was founded.

In 1818 the pieces of 5 cent, 1/2 gulden, 1 gulden and 3 gulden were issued and in 1819 the series was completed with the introduction of the 1/2 cent, 1 cent, 10 cent and 25 cent coins. Interestingly, besides the abbreviated 'c.' for cent, these lower denominations don't have any words on them. All of the coins were minted at both the Royal Dutch Mint in Utrecht and Royal Mint of Belgium in Brussels.

The 1/2 cent and 1 cent coins depict the crowned letter W (referring to King William I) on the obverse and the crowned coat of arms of the Netherlands on the reverse. These designs were made by David van der Kellen Sr.

The 5, 10 and 25 cent coins depict a more stylised crowned letter W on the obverse and the crowned coat of arms of the Netherlands on the reverse. These designs were also made by David van der Kellen Sr.

The 1/2 guilder, 1 guilder and 3 guilder coins depict a portrait of King William I facing right on the obverse as well as the sentence Willem Koning der Ned.G.H.V.L. which translates to "William, King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg". On the reverse the crowned coat of arms of the Netherlands can be seen with the lettering Munt van het Koningryk der Nederlanden, which translates to "Coin of the Kingdom of the Netherlands". Under the portrait an anchor and a roman oil lamp can be seen which refer to the engraver of the coin, Auguste-François Michaut. His name is also included on the coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:26:02 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/o4v6vqy6n/122.jpg)(https://s25.postimg.cc/jubxmf3pr/image.jpg)



The 1/2 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:26:20 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/aqi3zprin/1cent22.jpg)(https://s25.postimg.cc/wqyggca6n/1cent1.jpg)



The 1 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:26:39 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/9qatdppan/18271.jpg)(https://s25.postimg.cc/55omys5lb/182711.jpg)



The 5 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:26:55 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/5whd4k7yn/10cent12.jpg)(https://s25.postimg.cc/gxci9l07j/10cent13.jpg)



The 10 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:27:15 PM
(https://c6.staticflickr.com/6/5806/30533930181_2e730c6a36_o.jpg)(https://c2.staticflickr.com/6/5575/30533931641_30be32cd45_o.jpg)



The 25 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:27:34 PM
(https://c7.staticflickr.com/6/5614/30505157222_0439882c06_o.jpg)(https://c4.staticflickr.com/6/5679/30621976195_9fa0c4b436_o.jpg)



The 1/2 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:27:55 PM
(https://c1.staticflickr.com/6/5532/30505098792_f11789f4c8_o.jpg)(https://c8.staticflickr.com/6/5788/30533847431_27b5f23391_o.jpg)



The 1 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:28:14 PM
(https://c6.staticflickr.com/6/5548/30533798381_db40662ffb_o.jpg)(https://c4.staticflickr.com/6/5713/30621886595_d39b4556a2_o.jpg)



The 3 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:28:32 PM
In 1832 the production of the 3 guilder coin was discontinued.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:28:52 PM
In August 1830 Daniel Auber's opera La Muette de Portici, about the repression of Neapolitans, was staged in Brussels. Performances of this show seemed to crystallize a sense of nationalism and "Hollandophobia" in Brussels, and spread to the rest of the South. Rioting ensued, chiefly aimed at the kingdom's unpopular justice minister, Cornelis Felix van Maanen, who lived in Brussels. An infuriated William responded by sending troops to repress the riots. However, the riots had spread to other Southern cities. The riots quickly became popular uprisings. Soon an independent state of Belgium was proclaimed. For several years there was a war between the north and the south but eventually King William I was forced to end the war due to the high costs. The United Kingdom of the Netherlands was dissolved by the Treaty of London (1839) and the northern part continued as the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It was not renamed, however, as the "United"-prefix had never been part of its official name, but rather was retrospectively added by historians for descriptive purposes.

In 1832 Belgium introduced its own series of coins that was also legal tender in Luxembourg. The Dutch guilder coins were no longer in use in Belgium and Luxembourg which had become independent.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:29:15 PM
(https://c4.staticflickr.com/6/5618/30621823315_bbf75bdd88_o.jpg)(https://c5.staticflickr.com/6/5546/29990161164_b8b7296f60_o.jpg)



In 1840 a new effigy of King William I was introduced on the 1 guilder and 2,5 guilder coins. It was only used for 1 year as King William II ascended the throne in October of that same year. The design was made by Johannes Petrus Schouberg. At the same time there were also made some minor changes on the reverse of these coins.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:29:36 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/60fryk2tr/William_II.jpg)



In October of 1840 William II ascended the throne. In 1841 and 1842 his effigy was introduced on respectively the coins of 2,5 and 1 guilder. It took until 1847 before the first 1/2 guilder coins were introduced with this portrait. The design was made by David van der Kellen Jr.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:29:53 PM
(https://c7.staticflickr.com/6/5467/29990123294_6236474466_o.jpg)(https://c4.staticflickr.com/6/5323/30533665171_05c38eb262_o.jpg)



In 1848 new coins of 10 and 25 cents were introduced. On the obverse a new effigy of King William II by Johannes Petrus Schouberg can be seen. This effigy was only used on the 10 and 25 cents coins. The reverse of the coins depicts 2 tied oak branches.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:30:12 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/khgticwgf/williamiii.jpg)



In 1849 King William III ascended the throne. In that same year his portrait was introduced on the coins of 10 cents, 25 cents and 2,5 guilder. It was also introduced on the 1/2 and 1 guilder coins in their first year of minting after the inauguration. The design was made by Johannes Petrus Schouberg.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:30:28 PM
(https://c5.staticflickr.com/6/5719/29990068524_49f6628d2b_o.jpg)(https://c2.staticflickr.com/6/5690/30533608561_e19f3e5b1c_o.jpg)



In 1850 a new 5 cents coin was introduced. Previously the coin depicted the crowned W on the obverse and crowned coat of arms of the Netherlands on the reverse. Now its design was made similar to that on the 10 and 25 cents coins. On the obverse a portrait of King William III by Johannes Petrus Schouberg can be seen and on the reverse the denomination and 2 tied oak branches are depicted.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:30:45 PM
In 1877 and 1878 new designs were introduced on the coins of 1/2 and 1 cent. Also a coin with a denomination of 2,5 cent was introduced. On the obverse of the coins a crowned lion can be seen holding a sword and a bundle of arrows. On the reverse of the coins, the denomination and 2 tied orange branches can be seen. The designs were made by the Dutch designer Johannes Cornelis Wienecke.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:31:01 PM
(https://c8.staticflickr.com/6/5520/30621665175_54b8a751b3_o.jpg)(https://c6.staticflickr.com/6/5649/29987908453_9b98518503_o.jpg)



The 1/2 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:31:24 PM
(https://c5.staticflickr.com/6/5508/30504812932_ac5137376f_o.jpg)(https://c1.staticflickr.com/6/5472/30504810592_b637939ae5_o.jpg)



The 1 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:31:41 PM
(https://c7.staticflickr.com/6/5339/30321698910_36e604b45d_o.jpg)(https://c2.staticflickr.com/6/5520/30533487321_41ce9ea62c_o.jpg)



The 2,5 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:32:09 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/6pcz0bz9r/wilhelmina.jpg)



After the passing of King William III in 1890, Wilhelmina became queen of the Netherlands at the age of 10. In 1892 her portrait was introduced on the coins of 10 and 25 cents and 1 guilder. The design was made by medallist Ludwig Jünger and the dies were engraved by Willem Schammer.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:32:28 PM
(https://c3.staticflickr.com/6/5756/30320423730_39782e305d_o.jpg)(https://s25.postimg.cc/x5p8u7vin/image.jpg)



In 1898 a new portrait of Queen Wilhelmina was introduced on the coins of 10 cents, 25 cents, 1/2 guilder, 1 guilder and 2,5 guilders. The portrait was made by medallist Pier Pander. At the same time minor changes were made to the reverses of the 1/2 guilder, 1 guilder and 2,5 guilders coins.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:32:47 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/ize3cqa1b/5cnew.jpg)(https://c8.staticflickr.com/6/5650/30620390855_1d23bf1603_o.jpg)




In 1907 a new 5 cents coin was introduced. On the obverse a crown is depicted between 2 oak branches and on the reverse the denomination is depicted between two tied orange branches. The design was made by Johannes Cornelis Wienecke.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:33:06 PM
In 1909 the coins of 1/2 cent, 1 cent and 2,5 cent were redesigned. These new designs were introduced on the coins in their next year of minting. The redesign was made by Johannes Cornelis Wienecke who also made the original design.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:33:29 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/wvhqavgwf/image.jpg)(https://c6.staticflickr.com/6/5705/30620342725_62437cabeb_o.jpg)




The 1/2 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:33:47 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/k6nfr7arz/image.jpg)(https://c3.staticflickr.com/6/5623/30320301970_7a7b01a48c_o.jpg)



The 1 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:34:10 PM
(https://s25.postimg.cc/99qpg6de7/image.jpg)(https://c1.staticflickr.com/6/5483/30320276320_54c2fa2de2_o.jpg)



The 2,5 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:34:36 PM
From 1910 onwards a new portrait of Queen Wilhelmina appeared on the coins of 10 and 25 cents and 1/2 and 1 guilder. It was the first and would later turn out to be also the last ever uncouped effigy of a Dutch monarch on a standard circulating coin. The coin shows Queen Wilhelmina wearing an ermine trimmed mantle. At the same time also slight changes were made to the reverses of the coins. The portrait was never introduced on the 2,5 guilders coin as that coin was not being minted again until 1929, when the next portrait had already been introduced. The portrait was designed by Johannes Cornelis Wienecke.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:34:53 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/833/42681333835_6c7a8b6e22_o.jpg)(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/931/29715530348_fc3c696712_o.jpg)


The 10 cents coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:35:09 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/862/43584280721_fce043c945_o.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1823/42679460595_ed5a065ea4_o.jpg)



The 25 cents coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:35:27 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/856/43000758194_0f5393e87a_o.jpg)(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/853/29846465708_2cb6180ba4_o.jpg)



The 1/2 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:35:44 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/833/42866532384_31b6a419e9_o.jpg)(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/833/42866532574_92a45eb120_o.jpg)



The 1 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:36:05 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/934/42667193735_656e688ff3_o.jpg)(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/939/42667193555_dc8d6c0301_o.jpg)



After a lot of criticism from the public, in 1913 a new 5 cents coin was introduced which replaced its round counterpart that was introduced 6 years prior. The previous version of the 5 cents coin was in the dark often being passed off as a 25 cents coin making it an impopular coin amongst retailers and gaining it the nickname 'evening-quarter'. The new coin depicts an orange branche surrounded by a wave pattern on the obverse and pearls and shells on the reverse. It was designed by Johannes Cornelis Wienecke.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:36:44 PM
From 1922 onwards a new portrait of Queen Wilhelmina was gradually introduced on the coins of 10 and 25 cents and 0,5, 1 and 2,5 guilders. The new portrait was made by Johannes Cornelis Wienecke. On the 2,5 guilders coin a small flower is depicted under the portrait. The change of portrait was used to also make slight modifications to the reverse of the 0,5, 1 and 2,5 guilder coins.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:37:01 PM
(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1835/28845343647_0d853792e6_o.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1814/29911250058_3716af3896_o.jpg)



The 10 cents coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:37:17 PM
(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1838/28821534047_1a2cc5cae1_o.jpg)(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/852/28821534077_2769124c9d_o.jpg)



The 25 cents coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:40:57 PM
(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1791/43733450882_2caf219ba7_o.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1817/43733451012_b2ff8299ff_o.jpg)



The 1/2 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:41:24 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/858/29910564618_3f1d510a2b_o.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1797/29910562578_b1edd01597_o.jpg)



The 1 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:42:15 PM
(https://farm1.staticflickr.com/931/42853102815_ddf683cfea_n.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1838/42853102705_7b108a80b4_n.jpg)



The 2,5 guilders coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:43:09 PM
In May 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands. The German occupier decided to withdraw the circulating coins. By doing so he wanted the Dutch people get used to Germanic symbols. Furthermore the German occupier wanted to obtain the valuable materials (bronze and silver) out of which the previous coins were made. A series of zinc coins was issued in 1941. The new series did not include 1/2 cent, 1/2 guilder, 1 guilder and 2,5 guilder coins. It was the first thematic coin series of the Netherlands. The designs were made by Nazi artist Nico de Haas.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:43:37 PM
(https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2355/32915721805_bf0fe76c4d_o.png)(https://c2.staticflickr.com/4/3750/32915721945_c2754d7501_o.png)



The 1 cent coin depicts a straight cross in a typical Dutch writing style.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:43:58 PM
(https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2904/33844106811_0c3b3e4413_z.jpg)



The 2,5 cents coin depicts an 'Oelebord' which was included as a symbol for the Frisian part of the Dutch people. This 'Oelebord' is mounted to the roofs of many (former) barns in the Dutch province of Friesland. Typically the wood panel is cut in the form of a tulip in the middle flanked by 2 swans, although many variations exist. Although the 'Oelebord' these days is only decoration, in the past the board had a hole in the middle for ventilation and for owls to fly in and out of the barn.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:44:31 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4315/35874196072_a03d73a27d_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4313/35874196032_6609569610_o.jpg)



The 5 cents coin depicts wooden horse heads mounted on the roof of a house. These can be seen throughout the Saxony land.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:45:00 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4317/36197787355_ea8f2b657a_o.jpg)



The 10 cents coin depicts 3 tulips.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:45:19 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4323/36064086641_4d6403c79e_o.jpg)



The 25 cents coin depicts a Viking ship. With this the artist wanted to represent the special nature of the Dutch as seafaring people and the hard but unbroken life on the shores.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:45:42 PM
In March 1942, all pre-war coins were withdrawn from circulation. Although it was prohibited to keep any of the pre-war coins, relatively few coins were handed in. After the war all of the previously withdrawn pre-war coins became legal tender again and circulated next to the zinc coins that were issued during the war.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:46:00 PM
In 1948, the Netherlands issued new coins of 1, 5, 10 and 25 cents. The coins circulated next to the pre-war and war coins. The 5 cent denomination, which for 30 years had been a square coin, became round again. The pieces were designed by Louis Oswald Wenckebach. They were being minted for several years without a change of the date.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:46:22 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4353/35608405954_70fdea0ab7_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4394/35608405944_cc2b203285_o.jpg)



The 1 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:46:44 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4364/35608528044_5c1e945ee0_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4373/36046589220_2cb03a7690_o.jpg)



The 5 cent coin depicts a fruitful orange branch.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:47:04 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4350/36275021402_600d4d6242_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4404/35608406444_0d90e56b2b_o.jpg)



The 10 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:47:28 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4402/36275021212_28a7af307a_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4421/36275021322_96fdac46a0_o.jpg)



The 25 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:47:48 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4420/36421762542_b866aa5f6b_o.jpg)



In 1948, Queen Wilhelmina abdicated. Juliana became the new queen of the Netherlands. In 1950 the first coins were issued with her portrait. It was made by Ludwig Oswald Wenckebach.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:48:19 PM
The coinage act 1948 stipulated that almost all coins that were issued prior to 1948 had to be demonetized. Only the silver 1 and 2,5 guilder pieces remained legal tender. The demonetization process happened in different phases.

On 15 August 1950, the pre-war 5 and 25 cent pieces were demonetized as well as the zinc 5 and 25 cent coins.

On 15 September 1952, the zinc 1 cent coin was demonetized.

On 15 December 1953,  the pre-war bronze 1 cent coin as well as the zinc 10 cent coin were demonetized.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:48:49 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4405/35755950734_79864ef8a5_o.jpg)



In 1954, the reverse of the 1 guilder coin was updated. The same change was made to the 2,5 guilder coin in 1959. To the left the previous design can be seen and to the right the updated reverse. The new design was made by Ludwig Oswald Wenckebach.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:49:21 PM
On 15 January 1960, the pre-war silver 10 cent coin was demonetized.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:49:44 PM
In 1980, Beatrix became queen of the Netherlands after the abdication of her mother, Juliana. A completely new series of coins was issued. A design competition was held for invited artists which was won by industrial artist Bruno Ninaber-Van Eyben. Certainly in the beginning the series was very unpopular and several of the political parties tried to urge the State Secretary for Finance to choose other designs. One day after the designs were unveiled, the Dutch parliament also voted in favour of a motion in which was being asked for the minting to be stopped with immediate effect, untill more conversations had taken place. Both attempts were to no avail.

The designs represent the deployment of the Dutch polder landscape as well as a graphical representation of the decimal system in which each denomination is a certain part of a cube which is divided in equal blocks. The design also represents the Netherlands as an industrialised, modern and well-organized country. The artist also thought that the different patterns on the coins would be handy for blind people to recognize the coins, although it was only a side issue. Organisations for the blind soon complained the designs were to no use for them.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:50:04 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4387/36518670542_bd6832e951_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4349/36642015386_36f83ee4c4_o.jpg)



The 5 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:50:22 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4355/36688122495_d28d6559e4_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4354/36518668512_d4f4e67b0d_o.jpg)



The 10 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:50:46 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4378/35853582474_e918dca2ab_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4400/36642381296_afae4bdd9f_o.jpg)


The 25 cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:51:11 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4406/35853582694_1c54de9bb2_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4355/36642381386_c9e26d4d08_o.jpg)



The 1 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:51:29 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4421/35855952484_518f0d4d48_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4342/35855952714_d0c43fed12_o.jpg)



The 2,5 guilder coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:51:48 PM
The 1 cent coin, which was already left out in the new coin series of 1980, was demonetized on 1 March 1983.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 01, 2018, 10:52:10 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4378/35856342034_ebaf939c9d_o.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4404/36553356671_8a4d798436_o.jpg)



In 1988, a coin of 5 guilder was introduced. It replaced the 5 guilder note which had to be replaced as it wore faster than expected. Like the rest of the series, this piece was also designed by Bruno Ninaber-Van Eyben. The coin is made out of bronze plated nickel. It has a reeded edge which is inscribed with "God zij met ons" (God be with us).
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 02, 2018, 10:00:54 AM
On January 1, 2002 the Netherlands joined the Eurozone and so abandoned the guilder which had been its currency from the first day of the existence of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on August 02, 2018, 10:01:14 AM


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Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: <k> on August 09, 2018, 10:02:35 PM
See also:

1] Milestones in the coinage of Aruba (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,33946.0.html).

2] Milestones in the coinage of Curaçao and Dependencies (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,34666.0.html).

3] Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands Antilles (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,35834.0.html).
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 07:01:14 PM
On January 1, 2002 the Netherlands joined the Eurozone and so abandoned the guilder which had been its currency from the first day of the existence of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Minting of the new coins had started in 1998 but the dates on the coins start with 1999. In the early years some of the coins were minted at the Birmingham Mint. All other coins were minted at the Royal Dutch Mint.

The obverse of the Dutch euro coins was designed by Bruno Ninaber-Van Eyben who won a design competition. He had earlier also made the designs for the last series of guilder coins. The 1c-50c coins depict an abstract portrait of Queen Beatrix surrounded by smaller stars. The design is encircled by 12 larger stars, representing the 12 first countries to join the eurozone. He found these larger stars, which he was mandatory to incorporate, very dominant. They reminded him of barbed wire. Therefore he added many smaller stars to make it look like a cosmos representing the European Union with Queen Beatrix at its center. The 1 and 2 euro coins depict the same portrait that was used on the guilder coins.

The reverse was designed by Luc Luycx, a Belgian artist who works for the Royal Mint of Belgium. His design depicts the map of Europe as well as the denomination of the coin. It is being used as the reverse design on the coins of all countries in the Eurozone and on these of the mini states.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:29:54 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4884/45650211082_35573030b8_n.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4827/30778411097_f4bda210fa_n.jpg)



The 1 euro cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:32:21 PM
(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1947/45650210802_c3e503fb2d_n.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1973/43901604860_7d2df1af10_n.jpg)



The 2 euro cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:35:24 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4862/45650210682_c71d88e7d5_n.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4917/30778411017_25641f6709_n.jpg)



The 5 euro cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:36:55 PM
(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1933/44786625085_d4a37a6898_n.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4825/30778411287_451fb96f19_n.jpg)



The 10 euro cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:38:08 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4834/45650213532_32391dfc5d_n.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4830/30778410927_bcfb40cae3_n.jpg)



The 20 euro cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:40:22 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4863/44786627275_cbc3a620c8_n.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4819/30778410847_42c67d1d60_n.jpg)



The 50 euro cent coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:51:23 PM
(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4816/44786627145_657e9ffff3_n.jpg)(https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4873/30778410757_84a858bdf0_n.jpg)



The 1 euro coin.
Title: Re: Milestones in the coinage of the Netherlands
Post by: eurocoin on November 04, 2018, 08:54:42 PM
(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1931/30758667317_8e1a91b4fa_n.jpg)(https://farm2.staticflickr.com/1949/30758667267_dcc677b71d_n.jpg)



The 2 euro coin.