World of Coins

Medieval and cash coins => Islamic world => Topic started by: THCoins on March 08, 2015, 05:57:46 PM

Title: Khwarezm shah Ala ud-Din Muhammad (1200-1220), an ancient mint error.
Post by: THCoins on March 08, 2015, 05:57:46 PM
Showed a lot of scarcer jitals lately. Thought this one deserved its own thread. It is a Jital of Kwarezm Shah Ala ud-Din Muhammad. It is a common type Tye#246 with text only, minted in Kurzuwan, but with a twist.
The first one is a regular example of the type.
The second one gives an insight into the production of these coins, as it is a mint error. At the top of the coin one sees the beginning of the standard regular text surrounded by a beaded border. The lower part of the coins seems a different coin altogether. Approximately the same layout is also visible on the other side.
What has happened here ? Likely this coin is what is called a "flip-over overstrike". After striking the coin had to be removed from below the hammer and a new planchet put in place. Sometimes execution of this got a bit sloppy. Possibly the coin stuck to the hammer after striking. When the hammer was lifted, the coin turned over while it fell back. Possibly the man with the hammer noticed this, as his subsequent strike was not so precise, it overstruck only one half of the coin. At the bottom inscription on both sides is is easiest to see that these are really die identical.
These type of overstrikes are known from almost any ancient society which struck coins using dies. This is the nicest Khwarezm example i encountered till now.
Title: Re: Khwarezm shah Ala ud-Din Muhammad (1200-1220), an ancient mint error.
Post by: Ancientnoob on March 08, 2015, 07:31:37 PM
Interesting coins! Amazing condition.

I have a little something I can add to the thread. With out posting some Chingiz.

Al-Sultan in the center, Mohamed and additional inscriptions (al-Sultan al-azam... the rest unread) in the margins / Mohamed Bin Takesh in a monogram in the center, additional inscriptions (presumably mint and date) in the margins. 31mm, 7.45 grams. Mint of Balkh. MWOI 910.

Alex Fishman's write up.
This rare type is poorly studied - the inscriptions were never read completely, and because this type is always very weakly struck, they are hard to read. Still, a very interesting and rare huge silver coin of this infamous ruler!
Mohamed Khwarezmshah was the most famous and powerful of the rulers of Khwarezm, though he is most known for his downfall and the story of the great expansion of the Empire of Genghis Khan. In 1218, Genghis Khan sent some emissaries to the Shah, but when he executed the Mongol diplomats in defiance of the emerging great power, Genghis retaliated with a force of 200,000 men. In February 1220 the Mongolian army crossed the Syr Darya and launched the Mongol invasion of Central Asia. The Mongols stormed Bukhara, Samarkand, and the Khwarezmid capital Urgench. The Shah fled and died some weeks later on an island in the Caspian Sea.

He sent 200,000 troops against Khwarezm- the Shah divided up his forces each section defending one city, Genghis on the other hand divided his forces in three and attacked from three sides sweeping city after city and finally defeating the whole of the empire, and destroying their most magestic capitol city.
It is said that Genghis Khan put the entire population to the sword. Each man in Genghis army is said to have had a 24 person killing is thought millions died in the fields outside the cities. The Particular governor whom so disrespected by not recieving his trade of silver and killing his diplomats sent by the Khan on peaceful terms faced the worst fate. Contrary to Mongol tradition that a political entity should die a bloodless death by breaking the back-this man faced a mouthful of molten silver....
Title: Re: Khwarezm shah Ala ud-Din Muhammad (1200-1220), an ancient mint error.
Post by: Figleaf on March 08, 2015, 08:14:19 PM
Superb all. Coins with a story are the best.

You may want to check your write-up with what's in Wikipedia (

Title: Re: Khwarezm shah Ala ud-Din Muhammad (1200-1220), an ancient mint error.
Post by: capnbirdseye on March 08, 2015, 09:39:26 PM
Wonderful, I have a fascination with ancient mint errors, 8)  recent lots of mine included a couple of brockages but your coin is just superb regardless of the error
Title: Re: Khwarezm shah Ala ud-Din Muhammad (1200-1220), an ancient mint error.
Post by: THCoins on March 09, 2015, 09:05:30 AM
Thanks for the comments !
That's a very special specimen you have added AcientNoob ! Love the way in which the name Muhammad is abstracted into some sort of logo in your right picture. In your left picture it seems the edge legend shows part of a date. In your right picture above Muhammad is "Al Azam", the magnificent (thats the part that looks like "abc XI", easy to recognize), one of the usual titles.