World of Coins

Design and designing => Coin characteristics => Topic started by: <k> on June 12, 2011, 10:50:49 PM

Title: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 12, 2011, 10:50:49 PM
I'm interested here to make a list of respectable coin-issuing countries that have issued one-off sets. I am not interested in those territories such as Gough Island, where nobody lives, or Pitcairn, which is inhabited but uses the New Zealand dollar and not the sets of Pitcairn collector coins that have been issued in recent years and masquerade as circulation sets. I am interested only in countries and territories that also have, or have had, their own circulation coins.

I will divide these countries/territories into two groups:

1] Those countries with circulation coins that have issued sets of "circulation-like" coins over a period of years, not just one year, that are completely different in design from their actual circulation sets. Two countries I can name straightaway in this regard are Belize and Guyana. Can anyone name any more? Old hands will remember the collector sets that the Franklin Mint produced on their behalf in the 1970s and 1980s. The Franklin Mint did in fact design the actual circulation coins of Papua New Guinea and Trinidad and Tobago.

In the case of T&T, the FM also produced a special set in 1982 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of independence. This sets contained 1, 5 and 10 cent pieces with different designs from the standard circulation coins, and some editions of this set came in silver. A similar set, without the 10th anniversary legend, was produced in 1983 and 1984. I do not believe that ANY of the coins mentioned in this category 1] ever circulated, as the sets were simply money-spinners, aimed at collectors.

I know that in the same period the FM produced proof sets for Panama, of what looked like circulation coins. I have always wondered whether they were proof versions of their actual circulation coins, as Panama is a hazy subject for me.

2] Those countries that produced a one-off set of "circulation-like" coins, in one year only. Examples of this are the silver Waitangi commemoration set that New Zealand produced in 1990. The sets came both in silver and standard metals, and their reverse designs were entirely different from the standard circulation designs. Again, I do not believe that any of these coins circulated.

Another set that comes to mind is the Canadian Confederation Centennial set of 1967. This is a set I own, but I do not know whether any of these pieces circulated.

Another set I own is the Hong Kong set of 1997, that was produced with special designs to commemorate the handover of Hong Kong to China, after being a British colony for so long. Again, I do not know whether any of those pieces actually circulated. I recall that Macau also produced one or maybe two one-off year sets in the late 1990s, but I have no data on this, nor do I know whether Macau still uses a separate currency from the People's Republic of China. Can anybody think of any more such sets from any other countries or territories?


A grey area is Gibraltar, which produced a new set of actual circulation designs in 2004, to commemorate the 300th anniversary of being British. The following year, it reused these designs but switched them to different denominations, a gimmick I have never seen done before.

Then there are situations where some but not all of the denominations are given a different or commemorative one-off design. An example of this is the 3 Bicentennial coins issued by the US in 1976. Do our American members know if any of these circulated?
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: kena on June 12, 2011, 11:58:05 PM
Yes, the coins for American Bicentennial circulated.  The quarter, half dollar, and dollar coins were minted in 1975 and 1976.  Coins were dual dated - 1776-1976.

Circulation strikes were made by both the Philadelphia and Denver mints and Proof issues from the San Francisco mint.  Mint sets and Proof sets had the Bicentennial coins for two years as well.

3 piece 40% silver Proof and Mint were also made by the San Francisco mint.

Circulation mintages were:
Quarter P 809,784,016
Quarter D 860,118,839
Half Dollar P 234,308,000
Half Dollar D 287,565,248
Dollar P 117,337,000
Dollar D 103,228,274

Ken
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 12:01:31 AM
Thanks, Ken. Nice to know that they circulated. I particularly like the military drummer design.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: kena on June 13, 2011, 12:16:21 AM
The Ike Dollar reverse was my favorite of the Bicentennial coins.

The Moon and Liberty Bell.

Ken
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 12:21:05 AM
When I first saw the bell, I thought it was supposed to be a telephone.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: kena on June 13, 2011, 12:45:30 AM
US Mint has also done other series.

In 2009 since the Lincoln Cent was 100 years old, they did 4 different reverses.

Birthplace
Formative Years
Professional Life
Presidency

Collectors like this but not all like the new reverse for the Lincoln cent which started in 2010.

In 2004/2005 the Jefferson Nickel had 4 different reverses for the Westward Journey nickel series:

Indian Peace Medal
Keelboat
Bison
Ocean View

New front of Jefferson from 2006 with standard reverse.

This program was also ok with most collectors.

Since 1999, the Washington Quarter has switched it reverse several times a year - going thru all of the states and then District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Northern Mariana Islands.  National Park series started in 2010.

Starting in 2007, the President dollar coin program started with different dead presidents on the coins in order of their term in office.  Grover Cleveland will be on coins twice since he was president twice but Benjamin Harrison was president in between.

Native American dollars have a different reverse starting in 2009.

Problem with these other new programs for some collectors is the increased number of coins to collect for the series.

I am doing ok on getting the circulation issues despite living in the UK.

Ken
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Bimat on June 13, 2011, 09:22:41 AM
How about the three different sets Cape Verde issued in 1994? :)

Aditya
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Bimat on June 13, 2011, 03:16:36 PM
Reading the first post again, I realize that the Cape Verde sets do not fit in the theme. :D

Aditya
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 03:24:15 PM
Reading the first post again, I realize that the Cape Verde sets do not fit in the theme. :D

Aditya

No, because they were all issued for circulation. I'm glad you reminded me of them, though, as they are a phenomenon, and possibly unique, in that there are three different sets of circulation designs for a single year.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Bimat on June 13, 2011, 03:28:39 PM
No, because they were all issued for circulation. I'm glad you reminded me of them, though, as they are a phenomenon, and possibly unique, in that there are three different sets of circulation designs for a single year.
So you mean they weren't commemorative issues but one year type sets? ???

I always thought that they are commemorative coins.

Aditya
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 03:34:48 PM
I may be wrong, Aditya, but it is my understanding that they circulated. I'll have to see if I can investigate this now.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Bimat on June 13, 2011, 04:23:03 PM
I may be wrong, Aditya, but it is my understanding that they circulated. I'll have to see if I can investigate this now.
They indeed circulated. My question is: Are these coins considered commemorative coins or just one year type definitive coins?

Aditya
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 04:35:09 PM
That's a difficult question to answer, Aditya. I've just had a look at Numismaster. These coins are all dated 1994. There are no later types. There are only 3 or 4 later coins from Cape Verde that are in standard circulation metals and denominations, and all of these are commemoratives. So, unless and until Cape Verde issue more of the 3 mentioned sets with new dates, we won't really know. However, I suspect they won't - but I can't be sure.  :)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: hertfordian on June 13, 2011, 07:23:41 PM
Following on from the Cape Verde example, would it be fair to say that a similar situation existed in the UK back in 1998 when there were three different design 50p's issued that year and all of these circulated - e.g. the circulation (Britannia) version, the NHS 50th anniversary coin and the EU 25th anniversary...

Ian
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: andyg on June 13, 2011, 08:12:16 PM
FM produced sets for the Cook Islands, they used the normal designs - except for the 20 cent - Why?

Jamaica - a set of standard designs by the FM Mint but with a different style of coat of atms.
Also a set for the 21st anniversary of independence in 1983 (NCLT)

Barbados has a set (also by the FM) for the 10th anniversary of independence in 1976, only the 1 cent circulated - the rest sets only...

The Panama FM sets were indeed NCLT.

Canada 1967 sets did circulate, as did Hong Kong 1997.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 08:14:53 PM
Following on from the Cape Verde example, would it be fair to say that a similar situation existed in the UK back in 1998 when there were three different design 50p's issued that year and all of these circulated - e.g. the circulation (Britannia) version, the NHS 50th anniversary coin and the EU 25th anniversary...

Ian

To return to the Cape Verde example and answer Aditya's question more precisely, I'd never heard that their three sets were commemorative, therefore I consider them (for the moment!) to be one year definitives. These were full sets, however.

To relate this to your question, well, 50p is only one denomination out of all those available. So, although it's an unusual situation, in that there were two special 50p coins that year, it doesn't fit into my strict definition. Neverthless, since we enjoy going off on a tangent on this forum, I'll happily include it as an interesting anomaly. I always enjoy an anomaly hunt, so let me add that the only other year in which the UK produced two commemorative 50p coins was in 2006; these were to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Institution of the Victoria Cross. And thinking of the 1998 EU commemorative immediately makes me think of the double-dated counterpart 50p of 1992-3, commemorating the United Kingdom's Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the completion of the Single European Market. And thinking of double dates leads me straightaway to the Millennium five pound issue dated 1999-2000.

Before I leave the subject of special 50p coins, from 1992 they started to be produced with some frequency. However, there were years when no special 50p was issued: 1995/6/7, 1999, 2001/2, and 2008. 2008 was a special year, of course, because that's when we got our newly designed UK circulation set, and our standard 50p format was literally turned upside-down.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: andyg on June 13, 2011, 08:16:10 PM
They indeed circulated. My question is: Are these coins considered commemorative coins or just one year type definitive coins?

Aditya

The awkward question to ask is - What did they commemorate?
If we can't think of anything then I guess they are not commemoratives.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 08:19:49 PM
FM produced sets for the Cook Islands, they used the normal designs - except for the 20 cent - Why?


No idea!  ;D  But it's true: the fairylake swallow design was replaced by Pacific triton seashells between 1976 and 1981.


(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=9473.0;attach=13044;image)

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=9473.0;attach=13045;image)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 08:26:54 PM
Jamaica - a set of standard designs by the FM Mint but with a different style of coat of atms.
Also a set for the 21st anniversary of independence in 1983 (NCLT)

I don't regard the amended coat of arms as majorly significant. Yes, the 1983 had different legends. According to my old catalogue, there is also a 1985 25c commemorating the 25th anniversary?!!
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 08:29:47 PM

The Panama FM sets were indeed NCLT.

Panama always confuses me, perhaps because they use the US dollar but circulate their own coins along the US ones - even though the corresponding coin denominations are not of the same size.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 08:30:32 PM

Canada 1967 sets did circulate, as did Hong Kong 1997.

'67, '97 - makes it a bit easier to remember.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 13, 2011, 08:34:32 PM

Barbados has a set (also by the FM) for the 10th anniversary of independence in 1976, only the 1 cent circulated - the rest sets only...


So, all they did was put the two dates, 1966 and 1976, either side of the supporters of the coat of arms.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: andyg on June 13, 2011, 09:42:39 PM
I don't regard the amended coat of arms as majorly significant. Yes, the 1983 had different legends. According to my old catalogue, there is also a 1985 25c commemorating the 25th anniversary?!!

1985 I think is the 25th anniversary of the bank rather than the country. Odd they had a bank before a country.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Bimat on June 15, 2011, 08:23:21 AM
I can add one more: Vatican 2005. (Sede Vecante) They weren't circulation coins, though.

Aditya
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Figleaf on June 26, 2011, 03:32:31 PM
I wonder how many of these "one date" series are actually frozen dates... Thinking of the Dutch 1948 series here that was struck with the same date for three years (which was all the queen's fault.)

Peter
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 26, 2011, 04:00:21 PM
I wonder how many of these "one date" series are actually frozen dates...
Please elaborate.


Thinking of the Dutch 1948 series here that was struck with the same date for three years (which was all the queen's fault.)
Please elaborate.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Figleaf on June 26, 2011, 04:28:02 PM
Frozen dates used to be a trick to issue coins you really couldn't issue any more. A good example is that in the process of Latin American wars of independence, Spanish imperial coins were continued to be struck with the same date for years, because the new dies weren't ready. The 1948 series is another example.

We know from Wilhelmina's autobiography that she had some funny political ideas, especially about her own role. One of the more palatable ideas she had was that after liberation, the old political parties should not return. Instead, a new spectrum of parties should come about (doorbraak - breakthrough) There was some support for this idea, especially among pre-war politicians held hostage by the nazis and indeed, a new political party, PvdA (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_Labour_Party#1945.E2.80.931965), came about in 1945. However, the population at large did not support the breakthrough.

When this became evident, Wilhelmina (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelmina_of_the_Netherlands#World_War_II) surprised everybody by abdicating. In particular, the Mint was totally unprepared. They had just gone through a difficult period designing the 1948 coinage, for which Wilhelmina refused to sit. It took them 18 months to prepare the new dies. Therefore, in 1948, 1949 and part of 1950, the 1948 design was used dated 1948.

Lately, frozen dates are used for other reasons. During the first decades of the cold war, frozen dates were standard for the coins of most communist regimes. They considered mintage figures a state secret. This was probably because it might give the cold warriors a handle on real economic growth (they used electricity production instead ;))

Another reason for freezing the date is cost, especially among developing countries. Dates, once a control mechanism, don't serve much of a purpose any more.

Peter
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on June 26, 2011, 04:37:32 PM
Interesting phenomenon. I'm glad you explained it, as it wasn't a concept I was acquainted with. I don't think it applies to any of the sets mentioned in this topic though.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Bimat on June 26, 2011, 04:42:26 PM
Quote
Another reason for freezing the date is cost, especially among developing countries. Dates, once a control mechanism, don't serve much of a purpose any more.

I think Bhutan regularly issues coins with frozen (1979) date..

Aditya
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on July 01, 2011, 12:08:54 PM
Another one-off year set. In 2004 Gibraltar issued a new design series of circulation coins. In 2005 they kept the same designs but put them on different denominations! I suspect this is unique in numismatic history.

(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=5960.0;attach=7672;image)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Figleaf on July 01, 2011, 01:14:22 PM
I have not seen Gibraltar coins in circulation, but maybe I wasn't there long enough. If you can afford to switch designs on denomination, that is a strong clue the coins don't circulate.

Britannia going from the penny to the 50p may be an example, though the design wasn't really the same.

Peter
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on March 14, 2012, 01:11:43 AM
In 1973 Greece switched from a monarchy and a military dictatorship to a republic and a democracy. Their coins of 1973 reflect both regimes, but all the reverse designs on the republican set were only used in 1973 - though two of them, the dolphins and trident on the 10 lepta and the olives on the 20 lepta also appeared on the monarchical set, but again for 1973 only.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: chrisild on March 14, 2012, 11:26:45 AM
In 1973 Greece switched from a monarchy and a military dictatorship to a republic and a democracy. Their coins of 1973 reflect both regimes, but all the reverse designs on the republican set were only used in 1973 - though two of them, the dolphins and trident on the 10 lepta and the olives on the 20 lepta also appeared on the monarchical set, but again for 1973 only.

As far as "one year sets" are concerned, you are right of course. But (diatribe spoiler ;) ) Greece did certainly not turn into a democracy in 1973. The country had a military regime between April 1967 and July 1974. Formally, Greece was a kingdom until June 1973. Then Georgios Papadopoulos, who had been regent or vice-king before, decided he would be president of a republic instead. (Had to do with king Constantine's attempts of playing a more active political role.) So Greece became a republic on 1 July 1973 - hence the switch from the Kingdom to the Republic* inscriptions. After the end of the military regime, Greece did away with the phoenix symbol.

* Most of us will use this Latin-based word when referring to a republic; in Greek however "Dimokratía" (Δημοκρατία) has the same meaning.

Christian
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: malj1 on March 14, 2012, 09:52:59 PM
Tristan da Cunha a dependency of St Helena, although 1500 miles distant, issued a one off set in 2008. Do these circulate or do they use British coins? Perhaps St Helena coins circulate there? ...but they appear to have only a couple of sets.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on March 14, 2012, 11:28:16 PM
Tristan da Cunha a dependency of St Helena, although 1500 miles distant, issued a one off set in 2008. Do these circulate or do they use British coins? Perhaps St Helena coins circulate there? ...but they appear to have only a couple of sets.

Looky here, Malcolm, at my most wondrous topic:

Milestones in the decimal coinage of St. Helena-Ascension (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11473.0.html)

In short, TDC uses only UK notes and coins. St.Helena-Ascension currency does not circulate there. The sets issued by TDC, including those for Gough Island, Nightingale Island and Stoltenhoff Island, are collector issues only; they are legally authorised issues but they most definitely do not circulate.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: malj1 on March 15, 2012, 02:06:58 AM
Looky here, Malcolm, at my most wondrous topic:

Milestones in the decimal coinage of St. Helena-Ascension (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,11473.0.html)

In short, TDC uses only UK notes and coins. St.Helena-Ascension currency does not circulate there. The sets issued by TDC, including those for Gough Island, Nightingale Island and Stoltenhoff Island, are collector issues only; they are legally authorised issues but they most definitely do not circulate.

Yes indeed most wondrous! I wonder no more.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on March 20, 2016, 09:45:41 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=33887.0;attach=60879;image)

Here is another one-off CIRCULATION set. It's from Oman and celebrates the country's 45th National Day in 2015. Because it is a genuine circulation set, it is therefore a numismatic phenomenon and real money, so it belongs in this topic on the Numismatics board.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on May 07, 2016, 07:31:18 PM
Australia, 2016.  50th anniversary of decimal currency.

According to World Coin News (http://worldcoinnews.blogspot.co.uk/2016/05/australia-2016-new-set-50th-anniversary.html), all the 6 denominations were issued in a collectors set, but the lowest 4 denominations are available in UNC bags. This probably means that the lower denominations will circulate.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: onecenter on May 07, 2016, 11:14:15 PM
Received my 2016 proof sets last week, one of the decimalization obverse and the normal circulating varieties.  Always nice coins from our Australian friends. :)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: malj1 on May 08, 2016, 01:03:06 AM
Quote
Re: Australia 2016 Coins
« Reply #20 on: April 05, 2016, 10:19:57 PM »
Quote from: malj1 on April 01, 2016, 12:00:06 PM

    A 2016 commemoration 50 cent now acquired from circulation.

    I hope the other denominations from the set can be found very soon too while still in nice condition.

As mentioned the 50c is now circulating.

The 5c, 10c & 20c will be released in April and May, the $1 in August and the $2 in September with over 5 million of each denomination entering circulation.

More here

See Re: Australia 2016 Coins (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,33466.msg220648.html#msg220648)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on November 04, 2016, 02:28:22 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=37090.0;attach=66099;image)

Canada, 2017: 150th Anniversary of Canadian Confederation (http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php/topic,37090.0.html).
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Pabitra on November 04, 2016, 04:57:05 PM
Canada 2017 is a five coin set whereas regular set is 6 coin set.
50 cent coin has been skipped.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: hertfordian on November 04, 2016, 05:29:52 PM
Sorry Pabitra - I beg to differ.  On the RCM website, there is a pic of the 50 cent coin (see below)

Best regards

Ian
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on November 04, 2016, 05:40:11 PM
What's the link for that one, Hertie?  ;)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: hertfordian on November 04, 2016, 05:43:07 PM
Try http://www.mint.ca/store/coins/coin-prod2800117?lang=en_CA&rcmiid=tf|shpb|Canada150ProofSet|158348 (http://www.mint.ca/store/coins/coin-prod2800117?lang=en_CA&rcmiid=tf|shpb|Canada150ProofSet|158348)- it should hopefully work! :-)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on November 04, 2016, 05:48:23 PM
Thanks.  You have to click on the thumbnail of the coin, to the right.
 
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: onecenter on November 04, 2016, 06:04:19 PM
I would not be surprised to also see a colorized dollar, especially with the Canadian flag so prominent. :)
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: Pabitra on November 04, 2016, 10:16:20 PM
Thanks for the info, Ian.
Everywhere it was reported as a 5 coin set.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: eurocoin on November 05, 2016, 07:45:26 AM
The 50 cents coin from Canada will not be minted for circulation.
Title: Re: One-off sets from countries with circulation coins
Post by: <k> on September 19, 2019, 09:07:03 PM
(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=46778.0;attach=94488;image)

Brunei, 2017 set.  Common obverse portrait of the Sultan.



(http://www.worldofcoins.eu/forum/index.php?action=dlattach;topic=46778.0;attach=94490;image)

Reverse designs of the one-year 2017 circulation set.

The set celebrated the Sultan's golden jubilee: the 50th anniversary of his accession to the throne.