Author Topic: Predecimal coinage of Fiji  (Read 649 times)

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Offline <k>

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Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« on: October 16, 2019, 08:02:16 PM »

Map of Fiji




Australasia and the Pacific Islands



From Wikipedia:

Fiji is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century, and, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji was a Crown colony until 1970, when it gained independence as the Dominion of Fiji.

Offline <k>

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #1 on: October 16, 2019, 08:02:52 PM »

Fiji's coat of arms



From Wikipedia:

The coat of arms of Fiji consists of a shield divided quarterly by Cross of St. George and charged with a gold lion at the top, supported by two Fijian warriors, one on each side, and topped with a canoe as the crest. Adopted in 1908 by a Royal Warrant, it has been the coat of arms of Fiji since that year, having been retained after independence in 1970.

The Cross of St. George—which divides the shield quarterly—and the golden lion at the top represent the United Kingdom, the former colonial power that ruled over Fiji. The cacao pod held in the lion's paw, along with the sugarcane, coconut palm and bananas occupying three of the four quadrants, represent the country's natural resources, since these are key agricultural crops in Fiji. The bottom left quadrant contains a dove that symbolizes peace – this was utilized on the country's flag during the reign of King Cakobau, whose government was the last before the commencement of British rule.

The crest at the top depicts a takia—a traditional Fijian canoe—while the supporters grasping the shield on both sides are Fijian warriors.According to legend, they are twins; the older brother is clutching a spear, while the younger one holds a war club. At the bottom is the country's motto: Fear God and honour the King (Fijian: Rerevaka na kalou ka doka na Tui).

Offline <k>

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #2 on: October 16, 2019, 08:05:20 PM »


The colonial flag of Fiji.

Offline <k>

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #3 on: October 16, 2019, 08:09:05 PM »
From Wikipedia:

From its earliest days as a British colony, British sterling coinage circulated in Fiji, supplemented by locally produced paper money. During the great depression of the 1930s, the Australian and New Zealand banks devalued their currencies in order to bolster exports to the UK. These banks also controlled the exchange rate for Fiji, and in 1933 the Fiji pound was devalued to £1 2s 3d Fijian = £1 Sterling, in order to bring it into line with the devalued New Zealand pound, even though the New Zealand pound would very shortly devalue further to bring it into line with the devalued Australian pound. In 1934, as a result of the break in parity with sterling, Fiji began to issue its own coins.

To make it clear, one UK pound sterling was equal to 1 pound 2 shillings and 3 pence in terms of the Fijian pound.

Offline <k>

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #4 on: October 16, 2019, 08:19:35 PM »
The lowest denomination, the half penny, was made of copper-nickel and holed. It had a diameter of 21 mm.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #5 on: October 16, 2019, 08:21:31 PM »
The penny was 26 mm in diameter and had a similar reverse design to the penny. The obverse (not shown) was identical to that of the half penny.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #6 on: October 16, 2019, 08:23:36 PM »


Percy Metcalfe's crowned effigy of King  George V appeared on the obverse of the sixpence, shilling and florin coins

 
« Last Edit: October 17, 2019, 12:56:08 AM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #7 on: October 16, 2019, 08:31:43 PM »



The reverse of the six pence was designed by Percy Metcalfe of the Royal Mint (UK).

It featured a turtle.

Surprisingly, there was no three pence coin at this stage.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #8 on: October 16, 2019, 08:35:17 PM »



The reverse design was also the work of Percy Metcalfe. It featured a traditional Fijian outrigger.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #9 on: October 16, 2019, 08:48:08 PM »



The reverse design of the florin (2 shillings coin) featured the national coat of arms.

This was the highest denomination of the set.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #10 on: October 16, 2019, 09:02:45 PM »
After George V died in January 1936, he was succeeded by King Edward VIII. The new king abdicated in December 1936, in order to marry the twice-divorced american, Wallis Simpson.

Only one Fijian coin was issued in his name: the penny of 1936.

See also: King Edward VIII: His Place in Numismatics.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #11 on: October 16, 2019, 09:08:54 PM »
Edward was succeeded by King George VI. Below you see the new obverse of the half penny and the penny.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #12 on: October 16, 2019, 09:10:36 PM »



Above you see the crowned effigy of George VI, as it appeared on the higher denominations.

The crowned effigy was the work of Percy Metcalfe.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #13 on: October 16, 2019, 09:13:46 PM »
Some half pennies and pennies were made in brass at the Philadelphia Mint, USA, in 1942 and 1943.

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Re: Predecimal coinage of Fiji
« Reply #14 on: October 16, 2019, 09:14:17 PM »
A brass penny of 1943.