Author Topic: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129  (Read 131 times)

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Online sarwar khan

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Caliphate was a religious and political institution which played an important role in Islamic history. During the Abbasid Caliphate, the Muslim civilisation reached its height. However, as there is always a rise and a fall of an empire, the same was the case of the Abbasid Caliphate - it also declined in the 9th century CE.

Taking advantage of its weakness, provincial governors became independent and adopted the title of 'Sultan'. As a result of it, there emerged in the eastern part of the Caliphate, which was Central Asia, a political institution known as 'Sultanate'. These two institutions divided the Muslim world in different political units.

However, their independent rulers recognised the Caliph as their spiritual and political sovereign. To show their allegiance to him, his name was recited in the khutbah and his name was also inscribed on coins. It was a tradition for every Sultan, after his accession to the throne, to get a certificate of recognition from the Caliph.Masud shah also depict the word khalifa / Shalifa on the honour of the Abbasid caliphate 37th khalifa  Al-Musta'sim -Billah on his coins .

Al al din masud May 1242 10 June 1246 was the son of Rukn ud-Din Firuz (1236), grandson of Shah Turkan and the nephew of Raziya al-Din (123640). After his predecessor and uncle Muiz ud-Din Bahram was murdered by the army in 1242 after years of disorder, the chiefs chose for him to become the next ruler. However, he was more of a puppet for the chiefs and did not actually have much power or influence in the government. Instead, he became infamous for his fondness for entertainment and wine. Like his predecessor, he was considered "incompetent and worthless." By 1246, the chiefs became upset with his increasing hunger for more power in the government, and replaced him with his cousin Nasir ud din Mahmud (124666), grandson of Iltutmish through his son Nasiruddin Mahmud. The Mongols plundered Lahore in 1246.

Details about the coins :-
Sultan - Ala al - din mas'ud Shah (AH 639644; 12421246 AD)
Obverse - Bull & Sri Ala wa din Suritan Sultan (around).
Reverse - Horseman & Sri Khalifa.
Weight - 3.48 grams.
Denomination - Jital.
Diameter - 13 mm.

From -
Sarwar khan
Jabalpur
Madhya pradesh

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Offline THCoins

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #1 on: July 06, 2019, 10:57:36 AM »
Two very nice examples of this cointype ! For the type they are very well struck and preserved. At the same time these show the general crudeness which had set in in the minting of the coins at the time (possibly related to more difficult economic times ?).
To have this much of the legend on flan is exceptional. Made a quick overlay of the text on the bulls side. This also demonstrates the degeneration of the legends which had set in.

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #2 on: July 06, 2019, 12:51:54 PM »
What a great micro-learning tool, TH! Thank you. So the legend is "Sri Ala Va Suritan". The key word is Va. I see no relation with Masud. How does that work?

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline THCoins

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #3 on: July 06, 2019, 01:40:40 PM »
There are two things here to explain the legend.
-Firstly, in Arabic the name of a person may have several components. Mas'ud is the personal name, or ism, of the ruler. The 'Ala-ud-din is the honarary title, or laqab, part of the name. There may be even more parts. Many rulers are known by several names because of this.
- Secondly, the Nagari legend on the coins has degenerated at this time. It is not written as it should have: "Sri ALaVaDiNa SuRiTaNa". The "Din" part at the end of the Nagari transcription of the Arab name was discarded. Also the "Ri" of Suritana is not written correctly.
The "Va" in Nagari transcription was probably used because it comes closest to one of the sounds of the Arabic "Wa" syllable.

Anthony

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #4 on: July 06, 2019, 02:08:45 PM »
 :thankyou:
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline Rajagopal

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #5 on: July 14, 2019, 09:39:20 AM »
Sarwar, i think your coin is D 130.......

Offline Rajagopal

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Adding a coin of D 129..It has legends suritan sri alavadin..this coin has (suri)tan sri ala(vadin)...weighs 3.6 grams

Offline THCoins

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #7 on: July 14, 2019, 01:52:06 PM »
Another nice example ! Agree the openingposts specimen should be D130.
The one in the last post in style looks much more like the earlier Dehli Iltutmish specimen, while Sarwar Khans specimen is much more crude in  style.

Online sarwar khan

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Re: Turks dynasty of Dehli, Ala al-din Mas置d, Jital, mint Dehli, D0129
« Reply #8 on: July 15, 2019, 06:50:09 AM »
Sarwar, i think your coin is D 130.......
Thanks Rajagopal sir

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