Author Topic: Sindh sultanate of Qarlughid Dynasty.Saif al-Din al-Hasan Qarlugh, Two verities jitals  (Read 83 times)

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Offline sarwar khan

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The establishment of the Qarlugh Kingdom was a result of the turbulent power struggles of the 12th and 13th centuries in Greater Khurasan as the Ghurid Empire gave way to the Delhi Sultanate and the Mongols. The lands of Peshwar and the Kurram valley were ruled in rapid succession by Muhammad of Ghor, Taj al-Din Yildiz, Nasir ad-Din Qabacha, Iltutmish, Genghis Khan, Mingburnu, and again Iltutmish, who incorporated them into the Delhi Sultanate. The Sultana of Delhi, Razia al-Din, appointed Saif al-Din al-Hasan Qarlugh as governor of Ghazni, who in 1238 seceded from the Sultanate and asserted the independence of the Qarlugh Kingdom ruling Ghazni, Bamyan, and
Kurraman.
The Qarlughids developed rapidly in the wake of the Mongolian invasion and the resulting power vacuum of the preceding decade. They repopulated, rebuilt, and administered the devastated areas, most notably the city of Bamyan that was completely destroyed in
the Siege of Bamyan (1221) by Ghenghis
Khan, turning the rebuilt city into their
stronghold
the surrounding area of the first part of his reign from 1224 (621 AH) and then moved into Sind for the last decade of his reign. His silver Tankas were made on the same standard as the contemporary Sultans of Delhi and billion jitals. Some of the Tankas might have been struck in Ghazna, like the one in the name of the Caliph, al-Zahir (1225-1226; 622-623 AH), while the others, in the name of the Caliph al-Mustansir, are of Sind style. Some of these coins are dated 633 AH, Probably these coins were issued on the death of the powerful Delhi sultan, Iltutmish and were struck to celebrate the fact.

Details about the coin's :-
Sultan - Saif al-Din al-Hasan Qarlugh(1239-1249). Weight - 3.4g.
Denomination - Jital
Edge -  Plain.
Mint - Ghazna or multan .
Obv -  horseman to right with nagri legend hamira on both coin .
Rev -  "saif al-dunya wa'l din abu'l muzaffar al-hasan qarlugh".second one coin legend in nagri shri hasan kurla .

Regards
Muhammad Sarwar khan
Jabalpur

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« Last Edit: March 21, 2019, 09:12:56 PM by capnbirdseye »

Offline THCoins

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Two coins from a very intersting and historically complex era. you write: "The Sultana of Delhi, Razia al-Din, appointed Saif al-Din al-Hasan Qarlugh as governor of Ghazni". That suggests that the Qarlughid obtained formal power after the reign of Iltutmish. But later you also mention the earlier years.
According to the work of Peter Jackson, Saif al-Din al-Hasan Qarlugh can probaly best be described as one of the warlords who filled the power vacuum after Jalal al-din Mangubarni Kwarezmshah was forced to flea west around 1224 AD. The official status given by the Dehli sultans may just have been the admittance of the status quo of who actually held power.

Based on the style i also think that your first coin was minted under the Qarlughids. But when the name of the ruler is off flan these can be difficult to distinguish from the specimen minted under the authority of Iltutmish.

Added a picture of the Tanka. The legend of the side shown on the right acutally is almost identical to that on the Jital. But more space, so the name is nicely on flan.

Offline capnbirdseye

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These are G&G SS12 and SS13
Vic

Offline sarwar khan

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These are G&G SS12 and SS13
Thanks capnbirdseye sir

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