Author Topic: Ilkhanid, Mongols of Persia, Uljaytu, 710 AH, Silver 2 Dirham, Tabriz mint  (Read 154 times)

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Offline aws22

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Ilkhanid, Mongols of Persia, Uljaytu, 710 AH, Silver 2 Dirham, Tabriz mint (703-716 AH)(1304-1316 AD)
Weight 4.16 gm
Diameter 26 mm
Metal Silver
Obverse:
In the center field:
  ضرب في \
أيام دولة المولى \ السلطان الأعظم مالك رقاب \ الأمم اولجايتو سلطان غياث \ الدنيا والدين خدابنده محمد \ خلد الله \ ملكه

Duriba fi / ayam dawlat al-mawla / al-sultan al-a‘zam malik riqab / al-umam Uljaytu sultan ghiyath / al-dunya wa’l-din khudabanda muhammad / khallada allah / mulkahu.
“Struck in, the days of prosperity of our Lord the Supreme Sultan, King of the Necks of the Peoples, Uljaytu Sultan, helper of the World and the faith, servant of God, Muhammad, may God perpetuate his sovereignty”
In the outer segments:
Left top segment: لله الأمر من قبل ومن بعد , To God belongs the command before and after.
Left bottom segment: سنه عشر و سبعمئه , Sanah Ashr wa sab’amia (year ten and seven hundred).
Right top segment: Off flan (ٍSultan Uljaytu written in Uyghur script).
Right bottom segment: ضرب مدينة تبريز , zarb Madinat Tabriz (struck in the city of Tabriz).
(Struck in the city of Tabriz in the year six and seven hundred 710)
Reverse:
\ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
  ﻻ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺍﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ \ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ \ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ  \ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ     

 , meaning, No God but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God, ‘Ali is the chosen one of God.
To the right of the center field vertically written: بسمه , bi-ismihi, (by his name, referring to God’s name)
To the left of the center field vertically written:  الكريم , al-Karim, (the generous).
Outer margin: legend including names of the twelve Shiite Imams:
ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺻﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻭﻋلي ﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻭﻋلي ﻭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ ﻭعلي ﻭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻭﻋلي ﻭاﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ
Allah on top of the inner margin plus the two words on the sides produce the legend " الله بسمه الكريم ", by his name Allah the generous.
Please note that Uljaytu coins struck before AH 709 (1309 AD) have Sunni Kalima, and in the years 709 upto 716 AH, have Shiite Kalima.

Maythem


« Last Edit: February 03, 2019, 07:57:24 AM by aws22 »
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Offline THCoins

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Nice specimen and your transcription completes this beautifully.
In this thread previously some of the similar type, from different mints were shown.

Offline aws22

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Thank you Anthony, nice coin with different mint and year. On the reverse where the shiite Kalima is, I tried to emphasize on the legend " by his name Allah the generous الله بسمه الكريم " on the inner margin; this legend was replaced in Quant.Geek coin by " Zarb Amul ضرب امل ". Revising the date on my coin, it should be "  Sanah Ashr wa sab’amia سنه عشر وسبعمئه " (year ten and seven hundred), the word " Ashr عشر " is above the word " wa sab’amia وسبعمئه " and that fits well with Shiite Kalima being on such coins, struck between years 709 and 716 AH.

Maythem
« Last Edit: February 02, 2019, 09:00:48 PM by aws22 »
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".

Offline THCoins

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The change of the Kalima formula was not something that i was familiar with. Gives the coins extra historic weight.
In your last sentence: "409 and 416" should be "709 and 716" ?

Offline aws22

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Thank you Anthony, my mistake. I meant between 709 and 716 AH as Uljaytu (Muhammad Kudabanda) declared Shiism Islam due to the incident of divorcing his beloved wife three times and then he regretted that ... to the end of the well known story. The change in Kalima within the inner margin by the triangulation of the three words ( Allah, Bi-Ismihi, al-Karim الله بسمه الكريم ) to form the shape of Mehrab is something worth noting for such coins.

Maythem
« Last Edit: February 02, 2019, 09:17:46 PM by aws22 »
Coin collecting has a curious name. It is also called the "Hobby of Kings".