Modern coinage of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)

Started by <k>, January 06, 2019, 04:35:10 PM

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<k>


Map of Cabo Verde.



Cabo Verde's location in Africa.



Cabo Verde within Africa - a wider view.


From Wikipedia:

The Republic of Cabo Verde is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. It forms part of the Macaronesia eco-region, along with the Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Savage Isles. Located 570 kilometres (350 mi) west of the Cape Verde Peninsula in West Africa, the islands cover a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi) and have a population of around 560,000.

The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers discovered and colonized the islands, establishing the first European settlement in the tropics. Ideally located for the Atlantic slave trade, the islands grew prosperous throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, attracting merchants, privateers, and pirates. The end of slavery in the 19th century led to economic decline and emigration. Cape Verde gradually recovered as an important commercial center and stopover for shipping routes. Incorporated as an overseas department of Portugal in 1951, the islands continued to campaign for independence, which was peacefully achieved in 1975.

Historically, the name "Cape Verde" has been used in English for the archipelago and, since independence in 1975, for the country. In 2013, the Cape Verdean government determined that the Portuguese designation Cabo Verde would henceforth be used for official purposes, such as at the United Nations, even in English contexts. Cape Verde is a member of the African Union.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#1

The flag of independent Cape Verde from 1975 until 1992.


The country's first flag used the Pan-African colours.

A maize wreath and a scallop shell appeared around the black star.

They were taken from the country's national emblem at that time.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#2

The old coat of arms (right), as it appeared on the country's colonial coinage.


The country became independent from Portugal on 12 July 1975.

Its first independent coinage was not issued until 1977.

In the meantime it continued to use its old colonial coinage, also denominated in escudos.

See also: Portuguese Empire: Coats of Arms of the 20th Century.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#3
Cape Verde 20c 1977.jpg

Cape Verde, 20 centavos, 1977.


The common obverse of the coinage.

It featured the independent country's first national emblem.

The motto translates as 'Unity - Work - Progress'.


From Wikipedia:

After independence, coins were issued in 1977.

The denominations were 20 and 50 centavos, and 1, 2½, 10, 20 and 50 escudos.

The centavo coins were aluminium and the 1 and 2½ escudos were nickel-bronze.

The higher denominations were copper-nickel.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#4



The aluminium 20 centavos coin was 21 mm in diameter.

It featured a fish of unknown species on the reverse.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#5



The aluminium 50 centavos coin was 24.5 mm in diameter.

It also featured a fish on the reverse.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#6


The nickel-bronze 1 escudo coin.

It was issued from 1977 to 1980.



This was a FAO-themed coin.

'ESTUDAR APRENDER SEMPRE' - Study, learn, always.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#7
Cape Verde 2.5 escudos 1977.jpg


The obverse of the 2.5 escudos coin.

There was no 5 escudos coin.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#8
Cape Verde 2.5 escudos 1982.jpg


The FAO-themed reverse design of the 2.5 escudos coin.

It showed a man planting a coffee plant.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#9
Cape Verde 10 escudos 1982.jpg


The obverse of the copper-nickel 10 escudos coin.

It was issued until 1982.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#10
Cape Verde 10 escudos 1982-.jpg


The reverse design of the 10 escudos coin featured Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane.

He was a Cape Verdean national hero.

He served as the founding President of the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) from 1962.

That was the year that FRELIMO was founded in Tanzania,.

He was assassinated in 1969.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#11
Cape Verde $20 1982.jpg


The copper-nickel 20 escudos coin was issued until 1982.

The reverse design featured Domingos Ramos.

He was a national hero and guerilla fighter of Guinea-Bissau and Cabo Verde.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#12
Cape Verde 50 escudos 1977.jpg


The obverse of the copper-nickel 50 escudos coin.

It was issued from 1977 to 1980.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

#13
Cape Verde 50 escudos 1977-.jpg


The 50 escudos coin was the highest denomination of the series.

The reverse design featured Amílcar Cabral.


Cabral led the nationalist movement of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde and the ensuing war of independence in Guinea-Bissau.

He was assassinated on 20 January 1973, about eight months before Guinea-Bissau's unilateral declaration of independence.


See also: Circulation sets depicting statesmen and/or humans at work.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.