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Numismatic heritage: commemorative designs that became standard designs

Started by <k>, March 05, 2018, 12:32:45 PM

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<k>

Belize 250 dollars 1989.jpg

Belize, 250 dollars, 1989.  500th anniversary of Columbus' discovery of the New World.

This was a gold coin.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Belize. $1, 1990. Columbus's fleet.

The design became the reverse of a standard circulation dollar.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Mauritius, 10 rupees, 1981.  A collector coin commemorating World Food Day.




The FAO-themed design of 1981 was reprised on the heptagonal circulation 10 rupees, first issued by Mauritius in 1997.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>

Tanzania 100 shilingi 1986-WWF.jpg

Tanzania, 100 shilingi, 1986.  WWF-themed collector coin.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Tanzania, 20 shilingi, 1990.  Standard circulation coin.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Solomon Islands, 50 cents, 1988.  10th anniversary of independence.




In 1989 the special legend was removed, and the coin became a new circulating denomination.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Jordan, ¼ dinar, 1969.  F.A.O.






Jordan, ¼ dinar, 1974.  10th anniversary of the Central Bank.






Jordan, ¼ dinar, 1978.  Standard circulation coin.  It was also issued in 1981 and 1985.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

Oklahoman

The 1932 George Washington Bicentennial circulating commemorative became the standard designed circulation quarter in 1934.

<k>

Swaziland 2 emalangeni 1981-.jpg

Swaziland 2 emalangeni 1981.jpg

Swaziland, 2 emalangeni, 1981.  The King's Diamond Jubilee. 

Reverse design: arum lily.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Swaziland, 2 emalangeni, 2008.


An amended version of the arum lily design was adopted for the circulation 2 emalangeni coin.

The new coin was first issued in 1995.
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See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Paraguay, gold 250 000 guaraníes collector coin of 1987.




Paraguay, 500 guaraníes, 1997 - a circulation coin.




Paraguay, 500 guaraníes, 1997 to 2005 - a circulation coin.




Paraguay, silver 1 guaraní commemorative collector coin, 2002.




Paraguay, 500 guaraníes circulation coin, issued from 2006 onward. Smaller and in a different metal.


See: Paraguay: from commemorative to circulation coin and back again.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

Figleaf

Of the above, I find the FAO and WWF coins that turned into regular circulating issue the most significant. I expect that there will be more of those. The international organisations subsidised the development of a coin to advertise their own goals and the country rode piggy-back on that development to get a cheap version of an attractive coin for themselves.

However, there is a more subtle movement behind the money saving motive. By adopting the designs, the countries aligned their national values with an international value: not accepting hunger or protecting wildlife. That is a small, but nice plus for the world as well as progress for the population and the government of the country in question.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

<k>

Quote from: Figleaf on August 02, 2020, 10:42:57 AM
Of the above, I find the FAO and WWF coins that turned into regular circulating issue the most significant. I expect that there will be more of those. The international organisations subsidised the development of a coin to advertise their own goals and the country rode piggy-back on that development to get a cheap version of an attractive coin for themselves.

I have never heard of FAO or WWF subsidising coins or coin designs. On the contrary, FAO sometimes received a small percentage of the profit on sales. See here.

It was far more often the case that a regular circulation coin was minted with a regular design, then a few years later that design had a FAO slogan added. See Jamaica and Swaziland (1970s coins) for examples. In other cases, a regular coin / denomination was only ever minted with a FAO slogan, e.g. the 5, 25 and 100 francs coins of Comoros.

Occasionally a new circulating denomination was minted from the beginning with a FAO slogan (Zambia, 12-sided 50 ngwee of 1969 and 1972) but the legend was later dropped (Zambia, 12-sided 50 ngwee of 1972 to 1983 - independence commemorative; and Zambia, 12-sided 50 ngwee of 1985 - UN commemorative).

In 1981 the Seychelles issued two new circulation types with new designs: 5 and 10 cents coins with a World Food Day slogan. In 1982 the slogan was dropped from the designs, and these now standard circulation coins were joined by another new circulation type (not FAO in this case) of a 1 cent coin depicting a crab. So it was probably planned that the designs would briefly commemorate World Food Day before becoming standard coins. See Wildlife of the Seychelles.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>



Falkland Islands, 2 pound coin, 1999 - 2000.


The Falkland Islands issued a crown-sized (38.6mm) collector 2 pound coin in 1999.

It was issued to commemorate the coming of the new millennium and the millennium itself, hence the two years, 1999-2000, on the obverse of the coin.

The coin was produced by the Royal Mint (UK). It had a reeded edge, without any inscription.


Royal Mint artist and engraver Matthew Bonaccorsi created the attractive reverse design.

The UK had issued a circulation 2 pound coin from the year 1997 onward, but this Falkland 2 pound coin of 1999 was a collector coin only.

This collector coin came in two versions: one in silver, and the other with a copper-nickel centre within a nickel-brass ring.




Above you see a larger image of the beautiful design on the reverse of the circulation 2 pound coin of 1999.




Obverse of the Falkland Islands circulation 2 pound coin of 2004.


In 2004 the Falklands Islands released its first circulation 2 pound coin.

It was produced by the Royal Mint (UK) and was bimetallic, with a copper-nickel center within a nickel-brass ring.

Like its UK counterpart, this circulation coin had a diameter of 28.4 mm.

It was therefore much smaller than the 38 mm of the 1999-2000 collector coin.


The coin had the following edge inscription:

30 YEARS OF FALKLAND ISLANDS COINAGE ·




Unlike the 1999 version, the reverse of the 2 pound coin of 2004 included the words 'FALKLAND ISLANDS'.


I quote our forum member Alan71:

The nickel-brass part of the 2004 coin is thinner, meaning the design on it is squashed.

The dimensions of the 1999-2000 unfortunately weren't simply those of a larger version of the bi-metal £2, as the nickel-brass ring was too thick.

Notice how there is very little room between the side of the penguin on the right and the rim. 

On the 1999-2000 version there is a clear gap. The entire design is condensed in this way.


A mysterious 2003-dated version of the 2004 coin has also been found, that does not have an edge inscription.

To read more about this story, see: Falkland Islands: 2 pound coin types of 1999, 2003 and 2004.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.

<k>





St. Helena and Ascension issued a monometallic 2 pound coin in 2002.

It was a circulating commemorative for the 500th Anniversary of Saint Helena and Ascension







In 2003 St. Helena and Ascension issued a regular circulation bimetallic version of the 2 pound coin.

It was last issued in 2006.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.