Author Topic: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa  (Read 1165 times)

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Offline <k>

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Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« on: October 17, 2017, 06:44:46 PM »

Flag of the Republic of South Africa.



In the 1980s, the internal black opposition to apartheid in South Africa increased. The country's wars with Angola and Mozambique were also placing a heavy strain on the country. In 1980 white rule in neighbouring Rhodesia was ended when it became Zimbabwe. The USA still reluctantly relied on South Africa as a bulwark against communism in the region, but the West was becoming increasingly intolerant of the apartheid regime.

In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the Soviet Union. His policies eventually led to the dismantling of communism in the USSR and also in Eastern Europe and further afield. Things would now also have to change in South Africa, and they did.

From Wikipedia:

Early in 1989, President Botha suffered a stroke, and he reluctantly resigned in February 1989. He was succeeded as president later that year by F.W. de Klerk. Despite his initial reputation as a conservative, de Klerk moved decisively towards negotiations to end the political stalemate in the country. In his opening address to parliament on 2 February 1990, de Klerk announced that he would repeal discriminatory laws and lift the 30-year ban on leading anti-apartheid groups such as the African National Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress, the South African Communist Party (SACP) and the United Democratic Front. The Land Act was brought to an end. De Klerk also made his first public commitment to release Nelson Mandela, to return to press freedom and to suspend the death penalty. Media restrictions were lifted and political prisoners not guilty of common law crimes were released. On 11 February 1990, Nelson Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison after more than 27 years of confinement.

Having been instructed by the UN Security Council to end its long-standing involvement in South West Africa / Namibia, South Africa negotiated a change of control, and Namibia became independent on 21 March 1990. Apartheid was dismantled in a series of negotiations from 1990 to 1993, culminating in elections in 1994, the first in South Africa with universal suffrage. Nelson Mandela then became President of South Africa.




Coincidentally, South Africa released a new coin series during these years of change. A circulation 2 rand coin was issued for the first time in 1989, and the bulk of the new series was issued in 1990. A circulation 5 rand coin was added in 1994 to finish the set. These coins all had new designs, and they were significantly smaller and lighter than the previous series.

 
« Last Edit: October 17, 2017, 08:54:24 PM by <k> »

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #1 on: October 17, 2017, 07:15:43 PM »



The 1 cent coin was made of copper-plated steel. It was 15 mm in diameter and weighed 1.5 grams. You can see the obverse above, which portrayed the coat of arms. The country's English name appeared on the left-hand side and the Afrikaans name on the right-hand side.

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #2 on: October 17, 2017, 07:16:05 PM »



The reverse design depicted the two sparrows with their Biblical references. Sparrows had appeared on South African coins since 1923.

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #3 on: October 17, 2017, 07:16:26 PM »



The 2 cents coin was made of copper-plated steel. It was 18 mm in diameter and weighed 3 grams. The reverse design showed an African fish eagle catching a fish. It was the first time this bird had appeared on a South African coin. The obverse was the same as for the 1 cent coin, except that the country's Afrikaans name appeared on the left-hand side and the English name on the right-hand side.

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #4 on: October 17, 2017, 07:29:03 PM »



The 5 cents coin was made of copper-plated steel. It was 21 mm in diameter and weighed 4.5 grams. The reverse design showed a blue crane (Grus paradisea). A different design showing this bird had appeared on the 5 cents coin of the previous design series. The obverse showed the country's English name on the left-hand side and the Afrikaans name on the right-hand side.

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #5 on: October 17, 2017, 07:38:30 PM »



The 10 cents coin was made of bronze-plated steel and was round with a polygonal internal rim. It was 16 mm in diameter and weighed 2 grams. The reverse design showed an arum lily (Zantedeschia aethiopica).

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #6 on: October 17, 2017, 07:44:34 PM »



Here you can see the obverse of the 10 cents coin.

Offline <k>

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #7 on: October 17, 2017, 07:52:07 PM »



The 20 cents coin was made of bronze-plated steel and was round with a polygonal internal rim. It was 19 mm in diameter and weighed 3.5 grams. The reverse design showed a king protea (Protea cynaroides).

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #8 on: October 17, 2017, 07:52:50 PM »



The obverse of the 20 cents coin.

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #9 on: October 17, 2017, 08:03:33 PM »



The 50 cents coin was made of bronze-plated steel and was round with a polygonal internal rim. It was 22 mm in diameter and weighed 5 grams. The reverse design showed a Strelitzia reginae. Sometimes called a Bird-of-paradise flower, it is commonly known in South Africa as the "crane" flower.

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #10 on: October 17, 2017, 08:04:25 PM »



The obverse of the 50 cents coin.

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #11 on: October 17, 2017, 08:14:02 PM »



The 1 rand coin was made of nickel-plated copper and was round with a polygonal internal rim. It was 20 mm in diameter and weighed 4 grams. The reverse design showed a springbok. "Soli Deo gloria" was one of the Reformers' five basic beliefs during the Protestant Reformation. It means "Glory to God alone".

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #12 on: October 17, 2017, 08:14:47 PM »



The reverse of the 1 rand coin.

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #13 on: October 17, 2017, 08:40:18 PM »



The 2 rand coin was made of nickel-plated copper and was round with a polygonal internal rim. It was 23 mm in diameter and weighed 5.5 grams. The reverse design showed a greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros).

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Re: Third Coinage of the Republic of South Africa
« Reply #14 on: October 17, 2017, 08:42:39 PM »

Obverse of the 2 rand coin. It was the only coin of the series to be released in 1989.




A larger view of the obverse.