Author Topic: Billon drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna s/o Yolatakhma  (Read 1114 times)

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Offline coinlover

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Billon drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna s/o Yolatakhma
« on: March 15, 2016, 05:24:22 PM »
Following is an excerpt from Dr. Pankaj Tandon's monograph "The Coins of the Pāratarājas: A Synthesis".

"Although we know of coins of Kozana's son Koziya, I believe Kozana was not succeeded by his son, but by a king named Bhimarjuna, son of Yolatakhma. The legend on his coins reads:  Bhimarjunasa Yolatakhmaputrasa Pāratarājasa.

We have no prior knowledge of either of these names, so the relationship of Bhimarjuna to the other Pārata kings is speculative. Nevertheless, it seems very reasonable to suppose that Bhimarjuna was a direct descendant of Arjuna. His name includes the name Arjuna combined with the name of Bhima, another heroic Pandava brother from the Mahābhārata. Since no coins of any son of Arjuna were known, it is quite possible that Yolatakhma was Arjuna‟s son.. This would be quite logical in that the name Yolatakhma is made up of the root words Yola, meaning “war” and present in the name of Arjuna‟s father, Yolamira, and takhma, meaning “heroic” and present in the name of Arjuna‟s nephew Miratakhma.

If my theories are correct, the narrative of regal succession in the Pāratarāja dynasty could indicate an extended family environment in which cousins would be treated as brothers. Yolamira had three sons, Bagamira, Arjuna, and Hvaramira, who ruled in that order. Bagamira and Arjuna may have died relatively young either through disease, war, or family intrigue. Neither of their sons are known to have issued coins, as Hvaramira was followed in turn by two of his sons, Mirahvara and Miratakhma. But Miratakhma was followed by Kozana, who may well have been Bagamira‟s grandson. And he, in turn, was followed by Bhimarjuna, who may well have been Arjuna‟s grandson. Only after Bhimarjuna‟s presumed death did Kozana‟s son Koziya come to the throne."

(All three monographs of Dr. Tandon's on Paratarajas are available here in Dr. Tandon's website : http://pankajtandon.com/)

This is a billon drachm of Bhimarjuna (220-230 AD), Its diameter is 15.5 mm and weight is 2.3 grams.

Obv. Crowned bust of king facing left. The facial features show a sharp nose and long hair in curls upto the neck.
Rev. Swastika right with Kharosthi legend Bhimarjunasa Yolatakhmaputrasa Pāratarājasa around.


Anjan
« Last Edit: March 20, 2016, 01:39:33 PM by THCoins »

Offline THCoins

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Re: Copper drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna s/o Yolatakhma
« Reply #1 on: March 15, 2016, 05:55:53 PM »
Again a very nice preserved specimen. Agree with your transcription.
For anyone interested in tthe Parataraja coinage the text by P Tandon are certainly recommended.
For more background on Kharosthi you can look online for the thesis by Andrew Glass "A Preliminary Study of
Kharoṣṭhī Manuscript Paleography" (University of Washington, 2000).

Offline coinlover

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Re: Billon drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna s/o Yolatakhma
« Reply #2 on: March 15, 2016, 06:11:44 PM »
Thank you Anthony. I shall certainly look up the thesis.


Anjan

Offline Figleaf

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Re: Billon drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna s/o Yolatakhma
« Reply #3 on: March 15, 2016, 10:45:23 PM »
 :applause: for getting the Karoshti right, coin lover. I understand that this is no mean feat. TH comes up regularly with scarce coins he finds because he can read the scripts. May your collection also prosper in this way.

Peter
An unidentified coin is a piece of metal. An identified coin is a piece of history.

Offline coinlover

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Re: Billon drachm of Parataraja Bhimarjuna s/o Yolatakhma
« Reply #4 on: March 16, 2016, 03:22:36 AM »
Amen. Thank you Peter.


Anjan