Author Topic: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic  (Read 3635 times)

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Offline <k>

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The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« on: October 14, 2015, 03:44:55 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The Colony of Aden or Aden Colony was a British Crown colony from 1937 to 1963 located in the south of contemporary Yemen. It consisted of the port of Aden and its immediate surroundings (an area of 192 km2 (74 sq mi)).

Prior to 1937, Aden had been governed as part of British India (originally as the Aden Settlement subordinate to the Bombay Presidency, and then as a "Chief Commissioner's province"). Under the Government of India Act 1935 the territory was detached from British India, and was established as a separate colony of the United Kingdom; this separation took effect on 1 April 1937.
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Offline <k>

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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #1 on: October 14, 2015, 03:47:44 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The Aden Protectorate was a British protectorate in southern Arabia which evolved in the hinterland of the port of Aden and in the Hadramaut, following the conquest of Aden by Great Britain in 1839, and it continued until the 1960s. In 1940 it was divided for administrative purposes into the Western Protectorate and the Eastern Protectorate. Today the territory forms part of the Republic of Yemen.

In 1951, the East African shilling replaced the Indian Rupee in the Aden Colony and the Aden Protectorate.
« Last Edit: October 14, 2015, 04:09:01 PM by <k> »
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Offline <k>

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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #2 on: October 14, 2015, 03:51:55 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The Federation of Arab Emirates of the South was an organization of states within the British Aden Protectorate, in what would become South Yemen. The Federation of six states was inaugurated in the British Colony of Aden on 11 February 1959, and the Federation and Britain signed a “Treaty of Friendship and Protection,” which detailed plans for British financial and military assistance. It subsequently added nine states and, on 4 April 1962, became known as the Federation of South Arabia. This was joined by the Aden Colony on 18 January 1963.

Links:

Federation of Arab Emirates of the South.

Federation of South Arabia.
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Offline <k>

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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #3 on: October 14, 2015, 04:03:24 PM »
From Wikipedia:

The Protectorate of South Arabia was a grouping of 4 states located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula under treaties of protection with Britain. The area of the former protectorate is now part of the Republic of Yemen.

The Protectorate of South Arabia was designated on 18 January 1963 as consisting of those areas of the Aden Protectorate that did not join the Federation of South Arabia, and it broadly, but not exactly, corresponded to the division of the Aden Protectorate which was called the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

The protectorate included the Hadhrami states of Kathiri, Mahra, and Qu'aiti that were in the Eastern Aden Protectorate (with various other states) and Upper Yafa which had been part of the Western Aden Protectorate. The Protectorate of South Arabia was dissolved on 30 November 1967 and its constituent states quickly collapsed, leading to the abolition of their monarchies. The territory was absorbed into the newly independent People's Republic of South Yemen, which became part of the Republic of Yemen in 1990.


Link: Protectorate of South Arabia.
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Offline <k>

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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #4 on: October 14, 2015, 04:14:34 PM »
From Wikipedia:

In 1964 a new currency was issued for Federation of South Arabia and the Protectorate of South Arabia. The dinar was introduced in 1965 as the South Arabian Dinar, replacing the East African shilling at a rate of 1 dinar = 20 shillings, thus setting the dinar initially equal to the British pound. It was renamed the South Yemeni dinar after the Aden Protectorate became independent in 1967 as the South Yemen.
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Offline <k>

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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #5 on: October 14, 2015, 04:17:07 PM »
South Arabia, 1 fils, 1964.  The coin was minted in aluminium. The reverse shows two crossed daggers.  The eight-pointed star on the obverse comes from an old Arab coin design.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #6 on: October 14, 2015, 04:18:25 PM »
The bronze 5 fils carried the same design as the 1 fils coin.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #7 on: October 14, 2015, 04:20:11 PM »
There was no 10 fils coin. The reverse of the copper-nickel 25 fils coin featured a dhow.
« Last Edit: August 26, 2021, 11:37:28 PM by <k> »
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #8 on: October 14, 2015, 04:21:00 PM »
The highest denomination, the copper-nickel 50 fils, again featured a dhow.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #9 on: October 14, 2015, 04:35:02 PM »
The insurgency of the Yemenis against British rule eventually forced the British out of South Yemen:

Aden Emergency.

From Wikipedia:

The Protectorate of South Arabia was dissolved on 30 November 1967 and its constituent states quickly collapsed, leading to the abolition of their monarchies. The Federation pf South Arabia was abolished when it gained independence along with the Protectorate of South Arabia as the People's Republic of South Yemen on 30 November 1967.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #10 on: October 14, 2015, 04:39:17 PM »
From Wikipedia:

Southern Yemen became independent as the People's Republic of South Yemen on 30 November 1967, and the National Liberation Front consolidated its control in the country.

In June 1969, a radical Marxist wing of the National Liberation Front gained power and on 1 December 1970, reorganized the country into the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Subsequently, all political parties were amalgamated into the National Liberation Front, renamed the Yemeni Socialist Party, which became the only legal party. The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen established close ties with the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, Cuba, East Germany, and the Palestinian Liberation Organization.

The major communist powers assisted in the building of the armed forces of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Strong support from Moscow resulted in Soviet naval forces gaining access to naval facilities in South Yemen.


The flag of the republic remained unchanged after the communist takeover.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #11 on: October 14, 2015, 04:41:14 PM »


A map of North and South Yemen.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #12 on: October 14, 2015, 04:49:50 PM »
The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen released its first coin in 1971. It was a circulation 5 fils coin and made of bronze, and it reprised the daggers design from the South Arabian coinage.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #13 on: October 14, 2015, 04:51:44 PM »
The next issues of the circulation set did not occur until 1973. The aluminium 2.5 fils coin featured a cotton plant.
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Re: The Yemen People's Democratic Republic
« Reply #14 on: October 14, 2015, 04:53:08 PM »
A new aluminium 5 fils coin replaced the old one in 1973.  It depicted a lobster.
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