Chile 1971 heroes set

Started by <k>, September 26, 2015, 02:28:26 PM

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<k>

Chile 10c 1971.jpg

Chile, 10 centesimos, 1971.


Because South American countries used to have very high inflation, frequent currency reforms were necessary.

This meant that some design series ran for only a few years before being demonetised.

The Chilean heroes set of 1971/2 is one of those series.


Bernardo O'Higgins (1778-1842) was a Chilean independence leader.

Together with José de San Martín he freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence.

Although he was the second Supreme Director of Chile (1817-1823), he is considered one of Chile's founding fathers.

He was the first holder of this title to head a fully independent Chilean state.
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<k>

#1
Chile 20c 1971.jpg

Chile, 20 centesimos, 1971.


José Manuel Balmaceda was the 11th President of Chile from September 18, 1886 to August 29, 1891.

Balmaceda was part of the Castilian-Basque aristocracy in Chile.

While he was president, his political disagreements with the Chilean congress led to the 1891 Chilean Civil War.

At the end of that war he shot and killed himself.
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<k>

#2
Chile 50c.JPG

Chile, 50 centesimos, 1971.


Manuel Xavier Rodríguez Erdoíza (1785 - 1818) was a Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader.

He is considered one of the founders of independent Chile.

Rodríguez was of Basque descent.
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<k>

#3
Chile 1 escudo 1971.JPG


Chile 1 escudo 1971-.JPG

Chile, 1 escudo, 1971.


José Miguel Carrera was a Chilean general, member of the prominent Carrera family, and considered one of the founders of independent Chile. Carrera was the most important leader of the Chilean War of Independence during the period of the Patria Vieja ("Old Republic"). His opposition to the leaders of independent Argentina and Chile San Martin and O'Higgins respectively made him live in exile in Montevideo. From Montevido Carrera traveled to Argentina where he joined the struggle against the unitarians. Carreras small army was eventually left isolated in the Province of Buenos Aires from the other federalist forces. In this difficult situation Carrera decided to cross to native-controlled lands all the way to Chile to once for all overthrow Chilean Supreme Director O'Higgins. His passage to Chile, which was his ultimate goal, was opposed by Argentine politicians and he engaged together with indigenous tribes, among the Ranquels, in a campaign against the southern provinces of Argentina. After the downfall of Carreras ally, the Republic of Entre Ríos, and several victories against the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata Carrera's men were finally defeated by numerically superior forces near Mendoza. Carrera was then betrayed by one of his Argentine helpers, leading to his capture and execution in that city.
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<k>

#4



Chile 5e 1972.jpg

Chile, 5 escudos, 1971.


Lautaro (Mapudungun: Lef-Traru "swift hawk") (1534?–1557) was a young Mapuche toqui who achieved notoriety for leading the indigenous resistance against Spanish conquest in Chile. Lautaro begun his career as a captive of Pedro de Valdivia but escaped in 1551. Back among his people he was declared toqui and led Mapuche warriors into a series of victories against the Spanish culminating in the Battle of Tucapel in December 1553 where Pedro de Valdivia was killed. The outbreak of a typhus plague, a drought and a famine prevented the Mapuches from taking further actions to expel the Spanish in 1554 and 1555. Between 1556 and 1557 a small group of Mapuches commanded by Lautaro attempted to reach Santiago to liberate the whole of Central Chile from Spanish rule. Lautaros attempts ended in 1557 when he was killed in an ambush by the Spanish.

Today Lautaro is revered among Mapuches and non-Mapuche Chileans for his resistance against foreign conquest, servitude and cruelty.
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<k>

#5


From forum member Derick:

KM198 Chile 2 Escudos was minted only in 1971 during the presidency of Salvador Allende. The coin pattern was minted in silver proofs with 50 specimens and in a copper zinc nickel alloy that was minted as official currency but never released for circulation (Chilean mint recorded 106 specimens made). It is believed that some examples were given to members of high standing.

Caupolicán featured on obverse was a prominent war leader of the Mapuche people of Chile (Southern region) during the first rising against the Spanish from 1553 to 1558. He was captured and executed in 1558, impaled while his wife was forced to watch. The Mapuche people were never conquered by the Spanish.


See Derick's topic: KM 198 Chile 1971 2 Escudos.
Visit the website of The Royal Mint Museum.

See: The Royal Mint Museum.