Coins known by a Name

Started by Abhay, January 10, 2014, 10:02:16 AM

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There are many coins which have acquired a specific Nick name due to their size, design, shape, weight etc.

The first example is a Cartwheel penny of Great Britain. They are called Cartwheel due to their large size and the Raised Ring on the edge, which gives them a cartwheel look.



The next is an American 5 Cent Coin, popularly also known as "Buffalo Nickel" due the image of a Buffalo on the reverse.



A very popular coin, Known as "Thaler", was in use for almost 400 years throughout the Europe.

"Thaler" is an abbreviation of "Joachimsthaler", a coin type from the city of Joachimsthal (Jáchymov) in Bohemia, where some of the first such coins were minted in 1518. (Tal is German for "valley". A "thaler" is a person or a thing "from the valley". In the 1902 spelling reform, the German spelling was changed from "Thal" and "Thaler" to "Tal" and "Taler", which, however, did not affect the spelling of "Thaler" in English. Tolar is the Czech word for Thaler.)



The Yuan Shikai Dollar 1914, widely known as "Yuandatou"(Yuan's big head).
It was the only thing stable in an era of civil wars and chaos.
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Very interesting thematic topic. Would "Saint-Gaudens double eagle" make the cut? Although the "double eagle" itself was the official name, I think "Saint-Gaudens double eagle" was informal name after the designer of the coin?
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The British sixpence was known as a 'tanner'  :o


Quote from: capnbirdseye on January 10, 2014, 01:21:45 PMThe British sixpence was known as a 'tanner'  :o

South Africa 3d 1923.jpg

That was a nickname limited to the country or countries using the coin, which is probably a subject in its own right.

The South Africans, for instance, called their threepence coin a "tickey".

This is a colloquial word for "small".

Compare the British colloquial word "titchy", also meaning small but not applied to any coins.
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These Silver Rupee coins from Isagarh Mint from Gwalior Princely State were popularly called "TOPSHAHI". These coins have a Canon as the mintmark on them. In Hindi, a Canon is called a "TOP" and hence the name.




The word "Groschen" (from grossus denarius) is used in Germany for the "0.10" coin. Before the euro, that was the 10 pfennig piece; now it is (maybe a little less common) the 10 cent coin.

In Northern and Western Germany the 5 Mark coin was known as "Heiermann". The term came up about 100 years ago; could be derived from "Heuer" (a sailor's salary), or maybe from the Hebrew character ה ("hey") which also means five. And in parts of Eastern Germany they used the word "Sechser" (6er) for the 5 Pfennig coin. Refers to a pre-decimal Prussian 6 Pfennig piece.

These three terms refer to specific denominations, not to specific coins. As far as the latter is concerned, there was the "Brüning-Taler" for example, a 4 Rpf coin issued by the government of chancellor Heinrich Brüning in 1932. His brilliant ;) idea was to keep prices and expenses under control by having a "4er" instead of a 5er ...



Also, since the Taler has already been mentioned here: That was the nickname of the 3 M (and later 3 RM) coin in the monarchy and the Weimar years. After 1871, the pre-decimal Vereinstaler stayed in circulation with a value of 3 Mark.

Then we have the Netherlands where several denominations had nicknames in the gulden years: stuiver (5 cent), dubbeltje (10 ct), kwartje (25 ct), gulden (1 G ... well, that was the official name :) ), and rijksdaalder (2½ G).



An interesting coin from Nepal - the "Black Tangka".
This coin was made by Jaya Ranajit Malla, in the Nepalese kingdom of Bhatgoan in the 1722 AD.
The silver was very debased. These coins were meant for use in Tibet.

"This is the most common of all Malla coins, and were struck in very large numbers, mainly for export to Tibet, where they were called "Nag-tang" (black tangka). The analyses confirm the debased metal used and the coating of black grease covering the issues, it is easy to see. Not only is the silver content lower on average in this type, but also the average weight is slightly lower, at about 5.25 gms."

The sending of these debased coin to Tibet eventually started a war!
In addition, these coins are often counterfeited.
In the photo:
1. The original coin:              5.45 gr., 27.5 mm, AR.
2. Contemporary forgery:      3.37 gr., 27 mm, AE with AR wash.
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