Bhopal Rupee C12

Started by Rangnath, July 16, 2008, 10:16:10 PM

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Rangnath

Another post, another mystery:

This Bhopal 11.1 gram rupee is C#12 in the 19th century standard catalog. A part of the mughal series of coins, the obverse inscription refers to Shah Alam (II). In the catalog, three reynal dates are included:  AH-//17, AH-//44 and AH12xx//49.  However, the date on this coin is AH-//18.  Is this a previously unpublished date? Are these dates "fixed" and without specific meaning, or can we fix the actual date of minting?
richie

Oesho

Dear Richie,
Your coin is dated AH1190/Ry.18. This date combination is not listed in KM.
In the 18th cent. volume of KM (4th ed.) on pag. 778 there is a rather complete list of dates.
New unlisted dates and date combination are regular found, but nevertheless a nice find. The coin can be listed as C#12.

Rangnath

Thanks again Oesho. I have that edition but I did not look in it!  :-[  So, in a Mughal series of coins of Bhopal, the reynal year is the number of years which followed the coronal year, more or less? Shah Alam II assumed the throne in AH1172 and 18 plus 1172 is AH1190.  And probably I should take these numbers with a grain of salt; the coins actual mint date might be before or after the date on the coin? 
richie

Oesho

Dear Richie,
Just something about the chronology of the coins of Shah Alam II.
Prince Ali Gauhar, a son of Emperor Alamgir II, was born in the year AH 1140 (1727-1728 AD). The Emperor Alamgir II was murdered on 8th of Rabi II, AH 1173 (=29th November, 1759). News of his father's death reached Prince Ali Gauhar at his camp in Bihar almost a month later. He was crowned at the village of Kanauti on the 4th of Jumad I, AH 1173 (=24th December, 1759), in the name of Shah Alam (= Lord of the Universe).
His Jalus or accession date should be 24th December, 1759, but he afterwards issued orders that the initial date of his own reign should be reckoned from the day following that of his father's death. The Emperor's regnal year therfore commenced on 9th of Rabi II 1173 (=30 November, 1759).

AH 1190 commences 21-03-1176 and ends 08-02-1777.
The Jalus or regnal year 18 commences 28-05-1776 and ends 16-05-1777.
So the date on your coin is a perfect correct date combination. The coin might have been struck during the period 28-05-1776 till 08-02-1777.



Rangnath

I sat down with pen in hand and a blank piece of paper and followed what you wrote and YES!  :o, I now understand!
What was really shocking was the delay in time until notification of Shah Alam II's father's death. Was this because of a decline in the Empire's infrastructure or court intrigue? 
richie